WoRMS taxon details

Trachyphyllia geoffroyi (Audouin, 1826)

207495  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207495)

accepted
Species
Antillia duncani Yabe & Sugiyama, 1931 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Antillia flabelliformis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1931 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Antillia geoffroyi (Audouin, 1826) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Antillia infundibuliformis Gerth, 1921 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Antillia orientalis Gerth, 1921 † · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Antillophyllia flabelliformis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1931 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Antillophyllia geoffroyi (Audouin, 1826) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Callogyra formosa Verrill, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Manicina amarantum Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Manicina amarantum var. stricta Dana, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Trachyphyllia amarantum (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Trachyphyllia amarantus (Müller, 1775) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Trachyphyllia lelandi Nemenzo, 1971 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Trachyphyllia radiata (Pichon, 1980) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Trachyphyllia stricta (Dana, 1846) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Turbinolia geoffroyi Audouin, 1826 · unaccepted > superseded combination (basionym)
Wellsophyllia geoffroyi (Audouin, 1826) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Wellsophyllia radiata Pichon, 1980 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(of Turbinolia geoffroyi Audouin, 1826) Audouin, J. V. (1826). Explication sommaire des planches de polypes de l'Egypte et de la Syrie, publiees par Jules-Cesar Savigny. <em>In: Audouin, J. V. (editor) Description de l'Egypte, ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française ... Histoire naturelle, (Imprimerie Impériale, Paris).</em> 1(4): 225-244., available online at https://books.google.be/books?id=oU2CuZ_FuKwC&dq=Explication%20sommaire%20des%20planches%20de%20polypes%20de%20l'Egypte%20et%20de%20la%20Syrie%2C%20publiees%20par%20Jules-Cesar%20Savigny.&pg=PA40#v=onepage&q=Audouin,%20J.%20V.&f=false [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description Colonies are flabello-meandroid and free-living. They are usually bilaterally symmetrical, up to 80 mm in length with one...  
Description Colonies are flabello-meandroid and free-living. They are usually bilaterally symmetrical, up to 80 mm in length with one to three separate mouths. Large, fully flabello-meandroid colonies are uncommon. Valleys have large, regular septa and paliform lobes and a large columella tangle. Polyps are fleshy. When retracted during the day, a large mantle extends well beyond the perimeter of the skeleton, but this retracts if disturbed. At night, tentacles in several rows are extended from the expanded oral disc inside the mantle. The mouth is about 10 mm across. Colour: polyps, especially the mantles, are brightly coloured and are commonly yellow, brown, blue or green. Abundance: rare on reefs, common around continental islands and some inter-reef areas. Frequently found with other free-living corals. Large colonies are found only in certain protected shallow island embayments. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Trachyphyllia geoffroyi (Audouin, 1826). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207495 on 2022-10-02
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-06 15:51:41Z
changed
2014-04-21 09:20:09Z
changed
2022-06-05 23:12:08Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Trachyphyllia radiata (Pichon, 1980)) Pichon, M. (1980). <i>Wellsophyllia radiata</i> n. gen., n. sp., a new hermatypic coral from the Indonesian region Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia). <em>Revue Suisse de Zoologie.</em> 87: 253-259. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Wellsophyllia radiata Pichon, 1980) Pichon, M. (1980). <i>Wellsophyllia radiata</i> n. gen., n. sp., a new hermatypic coral from the Indonesian region Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia). <em>Revue Suisse de Zoologie.</em> 87: 253-259. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Manicina amarantum Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. <em>Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61)., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (of Turbinolia geoffroyi Audouin, 1826) Audouin, J. V. (1826). Explication sommaire des planches de polypes de l'Egypte et de la Syrie, publiees par Jules-Cesar Savigny. <em>In: Audouin, J. V. (editor) Description de l'Egypte, ou recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française ... Histoire naturelle, (Imprimerie Impériale, Paris).</em> 1(4): 225-244., available online at https://books.google.be/books?id=oU2CuZ_FuKwC&dq=Explication%20sommaire%20des%20planches%20de%20polypes%20de%20l'Egypte%20et%20de%20la%20Syrie%2C%20publiees%20par%20Jules-Cesar%20Savigny.&pg=PA40#v=onepage&q=Audouin,%20J.%20V.&f=false [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Callogyra formosa Verrill, 1901) Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168. [details]   

original description  (of Antillia infundibuliformis Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. (1921). Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In K. Martin (ed.): Die Fossilien von Java auf Grund einer Sammlung von Dr. R.D.M. Verbeek und von Anderen. <em>Sammlungen des Geologischen Reichs-Museums in Leiden. Neue Folge.</em> 1 (2): 387-445, pls. 55-57. [details]   

original description  (of Antillia orientalis Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. (1921). Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In K. Martin (ed.): Die Fossilien von Java auf Grund einer Sammlung von Dr. R.D.M. Verbeek und von Anderen. <em>Sammlungen des Geologischen Reichs-Museums in Leiden. Neue Folge.</em> 1 (2): 387-445, pls. 55-57. [details]   

original description  (of Antillia flabelliformis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1931) Yabe H, Sugiyama T (1931) A study of Recent and semi-fossil corals of Japan. 1. Antillia and 2. Caulastraea. The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai. 2nd Series (Geologie) 14: 119-133, pls. 37-38. [details]   

original description  (of Antillia duncani Yabe & Sugiyama, 1931) Yabe H, Sugiyama T (1931) A study of Recent and semi-fossil corals of Japan. 1. Antillia and 2. Caulastraea. The Science reports of the Tôhoku Imperial University, Sendai. 2nd Series (Geologie) 14: 119-133, pls. 37-38. [details]   

original description  (of Trachyphyllia lelandi Nemenzo, 1971) Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209. [details]   

original description  (of Manicina amarantum var. stricta Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846). Zoophytes. <em>United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia.</em> 7: 1-740, 61 pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18989497 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Searle, A.G., 1956. An illustrated key to Malayan hard corals. Malayan Nature J. 11 1-2: 1-28.
page(s): 10, 21 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 40 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Wells JW. (1961). Notes on Indo-Pacific scleractinian corals. Part 3, A new reef coral from New Caledonia. <em>Pacific Science.</em> 15: 189-191.
page(s): 189 [details]   

additional source Scheer G, Pillai CSG. (1974). Report on Scleractinia from the Nicobar Islands. <em>Zoologica, Stuttgart.</em> 42(122): 1-75.
page(s): 9, 55, 75 [details]   

additional source Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209.
page(s): 170 [details]   

additional source Budd AF, Fukami H, Smith ND, Knowlton N. (2012). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 166 (3): 465-529., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1096-3642.2012.00855.x [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1928). A Monograph of the Recent meandroid Astraeidae. <em>Catalogue of the Madreporarian Corals in the British Museum (Natural History).</em> 7: 1-288, pls. 1-72. [details]   

additional source Best MB, Hoeksema BW (1987) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 1. Free-living species belonging to the Faviina. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 61: 387-403. [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12403706
page(s): 341-342 [details]   

additional source Crossland C (1952) Madreporaria, Hydrocorallinae, Heliopora and Tubipora. Scientific Report Great Barrier Reef Expedition 1928-29 VI(3): 85-257.
page(s): 89, 101, 102 [details]   

additional source Chevalier JP. (1975). Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). II. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie. 7: 1-407, pls. 1-42. Paris. [details]   

additional source Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24.
page(s): 76, 106 [details]   

additional source Pichon, M.; Benzoni, F. (2007). Taxonomic re-appraisal of zooxanthellate Scleractinian Corals in the Maldive Archipelago. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 1441: 21–33.
page(s): 32 [details]   

additional source Verrill AE. (1901). Variations and nomenclature of Bermudian, West Indian and Brazilian reef corals, with notes on various Indo-Pacific corals. <em>Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences.</em> 11: 63-168.
page(s): 82 [details]   

additional source Haeckel, E. (1876). Arabische Korallen. Ein Ausflug nach den Korallenbänken des Rothen Meeres und ein Blick in das Leben der Korallenthiere Reimer, Berlin. 48 pp. 6 pls. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10690732
page(s): 45, Pl. II fig. 2 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 34, 116 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1972). Stony corals of the seas around India. <em>Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Corals and Coral Reefs, 1969. Marine Biological Association of India Symposium.</em> 5: 191-216.
page(s): 208 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1965). A revised catalogue of scleractinian corals from the southwest coast of Shikoku in the collections of the Ehime University and the Ehime Prefectural Museum, Matsuyama. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 13(3): 243-261., available online at https://doi.org/10.5134/175404
page(s): 252 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume III: Families Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae, Poritidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 3, pp. 490.
page(s): 272-273 [details]   

additional source Ortmann, A. (1892). Die Korallriffe von Dar-es-Salaam und Umgegend. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik.</em> 6: 631-670., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10195227
page(s): 639, 663 [details]   

additional source Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1849). Recherches sur les polypiers, quatrième mémoire. Monographie des astréides (1). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, 11, 3, 265-298
page(s): 276 [details]   

additional source Pillai CSG. (1983). Structure and generic diversity of recent Scleractinia of India. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India.</em> 25, 1-2, 78-90.
page(s): 87 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype (of Antillophyllia flabelliformis Yabe & Sugiyama, 1931) IGPS 38519, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Callogyra formosa Verrill, 1901) YPM [details]
Nontype (of Trachyphyllia amarantum (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 38740, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype (of Trachyphyllia amarantum (Dana, 1846)) IGPS 40593, geounit Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 148-1, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 148-2, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype HLD X2: 165-3, geounit Indian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 118-58, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 137-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 138-77, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 267-74, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 2-76, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 30-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 309-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 310-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 312-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 313-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 315-84, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 31-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 32-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 355-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 356-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 357-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 358-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 359-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 370-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 371-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 372-78, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 382-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 414-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 418-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 42-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 457-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 468-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 473-80, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 4-76, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 48-59, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 50-72, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 558-87, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 560-87, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 561-87, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 572-87, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 573-87, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 579-81, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 8-83, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 983-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 990-79, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype (of Manicina amarantum Dana, 1846) USNM 85, verbatimGeounit Habite les mers de l... [details]
Unknown type (of Callogyra formosa Verrill, 1901) AMNH [details]
Unknown type (of Trachyphyllia amarantum (Dana, 1846)) IMC apr-37 [details]
Unknown type (of Trachyphyllia amarantum (Dana, 1846)) IMC Zev 7324/7 [details]
Unknown type (of Trachyphyllia amarantum (Dana, 1846)) IMC Zev 7419/7 [details]
Unknown type (of Trachyphyllia amarantum (Dana, 1846)) IMC, geounit Singaporean Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are flabello-meandroid and free-living. They are usually bilaterally symmetrical, up to 80 mm in length with one to three separate mouths. Large, fully flabello-meandroid colonies are uncommon. Valleys have large, regular septa and paliform lobes and a large columella tangle. Polyps are fleshy. When retracted during the day, a large mantle extends well beyond the perimeter of the skeleton, but this retracts if disturbed. At night, tentacles in several rows are extended from the expanded oral disc inside the mantle. The mouth is about 10 mm across. Colour: polyps, especially the mantles, are brightly coloured and are commonly yellow, brown, blue or green. Abundance: rare on reefs, common around continental islands and some inter-reef areas. Frequently found with other free-living corals. Large colonies are found only in certain protected shallow island embayments. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Remark New combination in Sheppard 1998. Type locality: Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English open brain coralbanana coral  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE85closeup)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (IZCOE85wholecolony)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]