WoRMS taxon details

Porites rus (Forskål, 1775)

207231  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207231)

accepted
Species
Madrepora rus Forskål, 1775 · unaccepted (original combination, basionym)
Porites (Porites) rus (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Porites (Synaraea) convexa (Verrill, 1864) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Porites (Synaraea) rus (Forskål, 1775) · unaccepted > superseded combination
Porites convexa (Verrill, 1864) · unaccepted (synonym)
Porites danae Studer, 1901 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Porites danai Studer, 1901 · unaccepted (wrong spelling, synonym)
Porites faustinoi Hoffmeister, 1925 · unaccepted (Synonymy)
Porites iwayamaensis Eguchi, 1935 · unaccepted (synonym)
Porites undulata (Verrill, 1864) · unaccepted (synonym)
Psammocora danae (Studer, 1901) · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Synaraea convexa Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
Synaraea danae Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
Synaraea irregularis Verrill, 1864 · unaccepted (synonym)
Synaraea undulata Klunzinger, 1879 · unaccepted (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Madrepora rus Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description Colonies may reach several metres across. They consist of mixtures of small plates and twisted projections, some...  
Description Colonies may reach several metres across. They consist of mixtures of small plates and twisted projections, some projections developing into short, stout branches. The surface of the coral is covered with ridges which run between rows of calices. Calices themselves are minute (less than 1 mm diameter). Colours are usually basically brown or pale brown, but yellow colonies are also common, with strong pink colours also sometimes seen, some with blue edges to branches are plates (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are laminar or contorted anastomosing branches and columns. Corallites are very small. They are separated into groups by ridges which characteristically converge towards each other forming flame-shaped patterns. Colour: pale cream or yellow, or dark bluish-brown, often with pale branch tips. Abundance: usually uncommon but occurs in a wide range of habitats (Veron, 1986).
Distinguished by its extremely small calices (<0.6 mm). Open water colonies encrusting to massive, usually with a wrinkled surface; those in more hidden locations with a smooth surface. Colour: brown, pale grey or bright yellowish-green. Habitat: shallow sheltered reefs (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2022). World List of Scleractinia. Porites rus (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207231 on 2022-08-17
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-04-11 07:53:56Z
changed
2018-06-15 15:11:30Z
changed
2018-06-28 10:50:14Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Porites faustinoi Hoffmeister, 1925) Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23. [details]   

original description  (of Porites danai Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (of Porites iwayamaensis Eguchi, 1935) Eguchi M. (1935). On the corals and coral reefs in the Palau Islands of the South Sea islands, Preliminary Report. Contributions from the Institute of Geology and Paleontology. <em>Science reports of the Tohoku Imperial University, Sendai. 2nd Series (Geologie).</em> 16: 1-49, pls. 1-13 (in Japanese). [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora rus Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Porites danae Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. <em>Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere.</em> 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (of Synaraea danae Verrill, 1864) Verrill AE. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Synaraea irregularis Verrill, 1864) Verrill AE. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Synaraea convexa Verrill, 1864) Verrill AE. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6587563 [details]   

original description  (of Synaraea undulata Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen. <em>Gutmann, Berlin.</em> pp. 1-88, pls. 1-10. [details]   

original description  (of Porites (Synaraea) faustinoi Hoffmeister, 1925) Hoffmeister, J.E. (1925). Some corals from America Samoa and the Fiji Islands. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 22: 1-90, pls. 1-23. [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 307: 1-32., available online at http:// https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00775630.307.1 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (1999). Appendix: List of extant stony corals. <em>Atoll Research Bulletin.</em> 459: 13-46.
page(s): 38 [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Benzoni, F., Stefani, F. 2012. Porites fontanesii, a new species of hard coral (Scleractinia, Poritidae) from the southern Red Sea, the Gulf of Tadjoura, and the Gulf of Aden, and its phylogenetic relationships within the genus. Zootaxa 3447: 56–68.
page(s): 65, 66 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2002). New species described in Corals of the World. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 11: 1-209.
page(s): 182, 184, 187 [details]   

additional source Forsman, Z. H.; Birkeland, C. (2009). Porites randalli: a new coral species (Scleractinia, Poritidae) from American Samoa. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 2244: 51-59.
page(s): 52 [details]   

additional source Forsman ZH, Martinex JA, Maragos JE, Toonen RJ (2010) Resurrection of Porites hawaiiensis Vaughan, 1907; a Hawaiian coral obscured by small size, cryptic habitat, and confused taxonomy. Zootaxa 2624: 67-68.
page(s): 67 [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Marsh LM. (1988). Hermatypic corals of Western Australia : records and annotated species list. <em>Records Western Australian Museum Supplement.</em> 29: 1-136., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.60555
page(s): 33, 67 [details]   

additional source Fenner, D. P. (2005). Corals of Hawai'i. A Field Guide to the Hard, Black, and Soft Corals of Hawai'i and the Northwest Hawaiian Islands, Including Midway. <em>Mutual Publishing, Ltd., Honolulu.</em> 144 pp.
page(s): 20, 37, 114 [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World, Volume III: Families Mussidae, Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae, Poritidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville., volume 3, pp. 490.
page(s): 312-313 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Molina, M.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Palmyra Atoll coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2002, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2000-2001, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 8]. UNPUBLISHED, UNPUBLISHED [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Schmerfeld, J. (2004). Coral survey from Howland Island National Wildlife Refuge, 1998-2004 [Table 3]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Gulko, D. (2004). French Frigate Shoals coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000-2, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Rapture 2000 and 2002, and 2003 Sette surveys [Table 1]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D.; Aeby, G.; Kenyon, J.; Gulko, D.; Potts, D. C. (2004). Maro reef coral data compiled from Townsend Cromwell 2000 and 2002, American Islander 2001, Rapture 2000 and 2002, and Sette 2003 surveys [Table 9]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Kenyon, J. (2004). Rose Atoll coral data compiled from US Fish and Wildlife Service 1994, Townsend Cromwell 2002, and Sette 2004 surveys [Table 10]. UNPUBLISHED, Unpublished
page(s): 1 [details]   

additional source Maragos, J. E.; Potts, D. C.; Aeby, G.; Gulko, D.; Kenyon, J.; Siciliano, D.; VanRavenswaay, D. (2004). 2000-2002 rapid ecological assessment of coral (Anthozoa) on shallow reefs of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Part 1: Species and distribution. Pacific Science, 58(2): 211-230
page(s): 217 [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C. R. C. (1985). Fringing reefs in the southern region, Jeddah to Jizan. Fauna of Saudi Arabia, 7, 37-58
page(s): 45 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J. D.; Takishita, K.; Maruyama, T. (2006). Molecular identification of symbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium spp.) from Palythoa spp. (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) in Japan. Coral Reefs, 25, 521-527
page(s): 524 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J. D.; Takishita, K.; Ono, S.; Maruyama, T.; Tsukahara, J. (2006). Latitudinal and intracolony ITS-rDNA sequence variation in the symbiotic dinoflagellate genus Symbiodinium (Dinophyceae) in Zoanthus sansibaricus (Anthozoa:Hexacorallia). Phycological Research, 54, 122-132
page(s): 125 [details]   

additional source Cornish, A. S.; DiDonato, E. M. (2004). Resurvey of a reef flat in American Samoa after 85 years reveals devastation to a soft coral (Alcyonacea) community. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 48, 768-777
page(s): 773 [details]   

additional source Reimer, J. D.; Ono, S.; Tsukahara, J.; Takishita, K.; Maruyama, T. (2007). Non-seasonal clade-specificity and subclade microvariation in symbiotic dinoflagellates (Symbiodinium spp.) in Zoanthus sansibaricus (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia) at Kagoshima Bay, Japan. Phycological Research, 55, 58-65
page(s): 62, Fig. 1 [details]   

additional source Kühlmann, D. H. H. (2006). Die Steinkorallensammlung im Naturhistorischen Museum in Rudolstadt (Thüringen) nebst ökologischen Bemerkungen. Rudolstädter Naturhistorische Schriften, 13, 37-113
page(s): 62, 88, 113 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype NMSR 8565, geounit Sudanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 8566, geounit Yemeni Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype NMSR 9028, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 560-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 679-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Nontype WAM 748-85, geounit Australian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype WAM 792-86, geounit Ashmore-Cartier Is. [details]
Unknown type (of Porites (Synaraea) irregularis (Verrill, 1864)) MSI C-170, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Synaraea convexa Verrill, 1864) MZUS, geounit American Samoa Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Porites (Synaraea) convexa (Verrill, 1864)) MSI C-132, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unknown type (of Porites (Synaraea) convexa (Verrill, 1864)) MSI C-169, geounit Philippines Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies may reach several metres across. They consist of mixtures of small plates and twisted projections, some projections developing into short, stout branches. The surface of the coral is covered with ridges which run between rows of calices. Calices themselves are minute (less than 1 mm diameter). Colours are usually basically brown or pale brown, but yellow colonies are also common, with strong pink colours also sometimes seen, some with blue edges to branches are plates (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are laminar or contorted anastomosing branches and columns. Corallites are very small. They are separated into groups by ridges which characteristically converge towards each other forming flame-shaped patterns. Colour: pale cream or yellow, or dark bluish-brown, often with pale branch tips. Abundance: usually uncommon but occurs in a wide range of habitats (Veron, 1986).
Distinguished by its extremely small calices (<0.6 mm). Open water colonies encrusting to massive, usually with a wrinkled surface; those in more hidden locations with a smooth surface. Colour: brown, pale grey or bright yellowish-green. Habitat: shallow sheltered reefs (Richmond, 1997). [details]
LanguageName 
English mountain cupcoralhump coral  [details]
German Bergkoralle  [details]
Japanese パラオハマサンゴ  [details]