WoRMS taxon details

Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1835

151383  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:151383)

accepted
Family

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  1. Subfamily Cichlinae Bonaparte, 1835
    1. Genus Amphilophus Agassiz, 1859
    2. Genus Apistogramma Regan, 1913
    3. Genus Australoheros Rícan & Kullander, 2006
    4. Genus Cichla Bloch & Schneider, 1801
    5. Genus Cincelichthys McMahan & Piller, 2015
    6. Genus Cleithracara Kullander & Nijssen, 1989
    7. Genus Geophagus Heckel, 1840
    8. Genus Heros Heckel, 1840
    9. Genus Mayaheros Říčan & Piálek, 2016
    10. Genus Mazarunia Kullander, 1990
    11. Genus Mesoheros McMahan & Chakrabarty, 2015
    12. Genus Nandopsis Gill, 1862
    13. Genus Parachromis Agassiz, 1859
    14. Genus Acharnes Müller & Troschel, 1849 accepted as Cichla Bloch & Schneider, 1801
    15. Genus Apistrogramma accepted as Apistogramma Regan, 1913 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    16. Genus Cichlosoma accepted as Cichlasoma Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
    17. Genus Nosferatu De la Maza-Benignos, Ornelas-Garcia, Lozano-Vilanio, García-Ramírex et al., 2014 accepted as Herichthys Baird & Girard, 1854 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  2. Subfamily Etroplinae Kullander, 1998
    1. Genus Etroplus Cuvier, 1830
    2. Genus Pseudetroplus Bleeker in Günther, 1862
  3. Subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae Fowler, 1934
    1. Genus Chetia Trewavas, 1961
    2. Genus Chindongo Li, Konings & Stauffer, 2016
    3. Genus Coptodon Gervais, 1853
    4. Genus Diplotaxodon Trewavas, 1935
    5. Genus Enantiopus Boulenger, 1906
    6. Genus Haplochromis Hilgendorf, 1888
    7. Genus Hemichromis Peters, 1857
    8. Genus Hoplotilapia Hilgendorf, 1888
    9. Genus Iranocichla Coad, 1982
    10. Genus Limbochromis Greenwood, 1987
    11. Genus Maravichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
    12. Genus Oreochromis Günther, 1889
    13. Genus Pelmatolapia Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969
    14. Genus Pelvicachromis Thys van den Audenaerde, 1968
    15. Genus Plecodus Boulenger, 1898
    16. Genus Pseudotropheus Regan, 1922
    17. Genus Sarotherodon Rüppell, 1852
    18. Genus Tylochromis Regan, 1920
    19. Genus Wallaceochromis Lamboj, Trummer & Metscher, 2016
    20. Genus Coptodus accepted as Coptodon Gervais, 1853 (lapsus calami)
    21. Genus Haligenes Günther, 1860 accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840
    22. Genus Laruwiala Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969 accepted as Oreochromis Günther, 1889
    23. Genus Leptochromis Bleeker, 1875 accepted as Pseudochromis Rüppell, 1835
    24. Genus Loruwiala accepted as Laruwiala Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969 accepted as Oreochromis Günther, 1889 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
    25. Genus Melanogenes Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Sarotherodon Rüppell, 1852
    26. Genus Neotilapia Regan, 1920 accepted as Oreochromis Günther, 1889
    27. Genus Nyasalapia Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969 accepted as Oreochromis Günther, 1889
    28. Genus Orechromis accepted as Oreochromis Günther, 1889 (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling)
  4. Subfamily Ptychochrominae Sparks, 2004
    1. Genus Ptychochromis Steindachner, 1880
  5. Genus Chromis Günther, 1862 accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840 (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Description Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India. Some...  
Description Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India. Some species widely introduced. Body shape quite variable, mostly moderately deep and compressed. A nostril on each side of head. Interrupted lateral line. Scales in lateral lines may be over 100, usually 20-50. Dorsal fin usually with 7-25 spines and 5-30 soft rays. Spines in anal fin 3-15 (generally 3); soft rays 4-15 (a few with 30). Subocular shelf absent. About 80 cm maximum length, in Boulengerochromis microlepis. Colorful cichlids are reared as aquarium fish. Breeding activities highly organized. Parental care in 3 forms: mouthbrooding, substratebrooding, and substratebrooding of eggs then mouthbrooding of young. Species flocks are reported from Africa. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2024). FishBase. Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1835. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=151383 on 2024-05-20
Date
action
by
2005-04-06 10:22:32Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed
2021-06-30 10:22:35Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (PeRMS) Chirichigno, N.; Cornejo, M. (2001). Catálogo comentado de los peces marinos del Perú. <em>2ª ed. Instituto del Mar de Perú. Publicación Especial. Callao.</em> 314 p. [details]   

basis of record Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2024). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. <em>California Academy of Sciences. San Francisco.</em> Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2024., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India. Some species widely introduced. Body shape quite variable, mostly moderately deep and compressed. A nostril on each side of head. Interrupted lateral line. Scales in lateral lines may be over 100, usually 20-50. Dorsal fin usually with 7-25 spines and 5-30 soft rays. Spines in anal fin 3-15 (generally 3); soft rays 4-15 (a few with 30). Subocular shelf absent. About 80 cm maximum length, in Boulengerochromis microlepis. Colorful cichlids are reared as aquarium fish. Breeding activities highly organized. Parental care in 3 forms: mouthbrooding, substratebrooding, and substratebrooding of eggs then mouthbrooding of young. Species flocks are reported from Africa. [details]
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LanguageName 
English cichlids  [details]
Japanese カワスズメ科  [details]