WoRMS taxon details

Biemnidae Hentschel, 1923

150266  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:150266)

accepted
Family
Genus Biemna Gray, 1867
  » Species Biemna anisotoxa Lévi, 1963
  » Species Biemna aurantiaca Bertolino, Costa & Pansini, 2020
  » Species Biemna bihamigera (Dendy, 1922)
  » Species Biemna caribea Pulitzer-Finali, 1986
  » Species Biemna chilensis Thiele, 1905
  » Species Biemna chujaensis Sim & Shim, 2006
  » Species Biemna ciocalyptoides (Dendy, 1897)
  » Species Biemna cribaria (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986)
  » Species Biemna dautzenbergi Topsent, 1890
  » Species Biemna ehrenbergi (Keller, 1889)
  » Species Biemna erecta Bertolino, Costa & Pansini, 2020
  » Species Biemna fistulosa (Topsent, 1897)
  » Species Biemna flabellata Bergquist, 1970
  » Species Biemna fortis (Topsent, 1897)
  » Species Biemna fragilis (Kieschnick, 1900)
  » Species Biemna gellioides Lévi & Lévi, 1989
  » Species Biemna granulosigmata Lévi, 1993
  » Species Biemna hongdoensis Jeon & Sim, 2008
  » Species Biemna jeolmyongensis Sim & Shim, 2006
  » Species Biemna laboutei Hooper, 1996
  » Species Biemna liposigma Burton, 1928
  » Species Biemna liposphaera (Hentschel, 1912)
  » Species Biemna lutea Bertolino, Costa & Pansini, 2019
  » Species Biemna macrorhaphis Hentschel, 1914
  » Species Biemna megalosigma Hentschel, 1912
  » Species Biemna megastyla (Burton, 1959)
  » Species Biemna microacanthosigma Mothes, Hajdu, Lerner & van Soest, 2004
  » Species Biemna microstrongyla (Hentschel, 1912)
  » Species Biemna microstyla de Laubenfels, 1950
  » Species Biemna microxa Hentschel, 1911
  » Species Biemna mnioeis de Laubenfels, 1954
  » Species Biemna novaezealandiae Dendy, 1924
  » Species Biemna omanensis van Soest & Beglinger, 2002
  » Species Biemna partenopea Pulitzer-Finali, 1978
  » Species Biemna pedonculata Lévi, 1963
  » Species Biemna peracuta Topsent, 1927
  » Species Biemna plicata (Whitelegge, 1907)
  » Species Biemna polyphylla Lévi, 1963
  » Species Biemna rhabderemioides Bergquist, 1961
  » Species Biemna rhabdostyla Uriz, 1988
  » Species Biemna rhabdotylostylota Van Soest, 2017
  » Species Biemna rhadia de Laubenfels, 1930
  » Species Biemna rufescens Bergquist & Fromont, 1988
  » Species Biemna saucia Hooper, Capon & Hodder, 1991
  » Species Biemna seychellensis Thomas, 1973
  » Species Biemna spinomicroxea Mothes, Campos, Lerner, Carraro & van Soest, 2005
  » Species Biemna strongylota Rios & Cristobo, 2006
  » Species Biemna tenuisigma Pulitzer-Finali, 1978
  » Species Biemna tetraphis Tanita & Hoshino, 1989
  » Species Biemna thielei Burton, 1930
  » Species Biemna thomasi Cavalcanti, Santos Neto & Pinheiro, 2018
  » Species Biemna trirhaphis (Topsent, 1897)
  » Species Biemna trisigmata Mothes & Campos, 2004
  » Species Biemna truncata Hentschel, 1912
  » Species Biemna tubulata (Dendy, 1905)
  » Species Biemna typica Bertolino, Costa & Pansini, 2020
  » Species Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858)
  » Species Biemna victoriana (Hallmann, 1916)
  » Species Biemna annexa (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Desmacella annexa Schmidt, 1870 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Biemna aruensis Hentschel, 1912 accepted as Microtylostylifer aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemna capillifera (Levinsen, 1887) accepted as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna ciocalyptoides Burton, 1959 accepted as Biemna ehrenbergi (Keller, 1889) (junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna demuthi Lehnert, 1993 accepted as Rhabderemia minutula (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna gemmulifera (Breitfuss, 1912) accepted as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna grimaldii Topsent, 1890 accepted as Desmacella grimaldii (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemna groenlandica (Fristedt, 1887) accepted as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna hamifera (Lundbeck, 1902) accepted as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna humilis Thiele, 1903 accepted as Mycale (Kerasemna) humilis (Thiele, 1903) (genus transfer and subgenus assignment)
  » Species Biemna inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Desmacella inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Biemna jeffreysii (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Oceanapia robusta (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna microstyla Thomas, 1984 accepted as Biemna thomasi Cavalcanti, Santos Neto & Pinheiro, 2018 (junior primary homonym)
  » Species Biemna oxeata van Soest & Stentoft, 1988 accepted as Biemna cribaria (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (junior synonym)
  » Species Biemna peachii (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Biemna variantia (Bowerbank, 1858) (junior synonym)
    » Variety Biemna peachii var. peracuta Topsent, 1927 accepted as Biemna peracuta Topsent, 1927 (rank elevation)
  » Species Biemna rhaphidiophora (Brøndsted, 1924) accepted as Suberites rhaphidiophorus (Brøndsted, 1924) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemna rosea (Fristedt, 1887) accepted as Desmacella infundibuliformis (Vosmaer, 1885) (junior synonym)
Genus Neofibularia Hechtel, 1965
  » Species Neofibularia chinensis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
  » Species Neofibularia hartmani Hooper & Lévi, 1993
  » Species Neofibularia irata Wilkinson, 1978
  » Species Neofibularia mordens Hartman, 1967
  » Species Neofibularia nolitangere (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864)
  » Species Neofibularia cribaria Alcolado & Gotera, 1986 accepted as Biemna cribaria (Alcolado & Gotera, 1986) (genus transfer)
  » Species Neofibularia massa (Carter, 1882) accepted as Neofibularia nolitangere (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
  » Species Neofibularia oxeata Hartman, 1967 accepted as Neofibularia nolitangere (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (junior synonym)
  » Species Neofibularia proxima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) accepted as Neopetrosia proxima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer)
Genus Sigmaxinella Dendy, 1897
  » Species Sigmaxinella arborea Kirkpatrick, 1903
  » Species Sigmaxinella australiana Dendy, 1897
  » Species Sigmaxinella cearense Salani, Lotufo & Hajdu, 2006
  » Species Sigmaxinella dendroides Whitelegge, 1907
  » Species Sigmaxinella flabellata (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Sigmaxinella florida Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Sigmaxinella hipposiderus Mitchell, Hall & Hooper, 2011
  » Species Sigmaxinella incrustans Kirkpatrick, 1903
  » Species Sigmaxinella papillata Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Sigmaxinella ramosa (Carter, 1883)
  » Species Sigmaxinella soelae Hooper, 1984
  » Species Sigmaxinella stylotata Brøndsted, 1924
  » Species Sigmaxinella viminalis Hallmann, 1916
  » Species Sigmaxinella bihamigera Dendy, 1922 accepted as Biemna bihamigera (Dendy, 1922) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmaxinella ciocalyptoides Dendy, 1897 accepted as Biemna ciocalyptoides (Dendy, 1897) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmaxinella durissima (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Sigmaxinella durissima var. erecta Dendy, 1922 accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Variety Sigmaxinella durissima var. massalis Dendy, 1922 accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Variety Sigmaxinella durissima var. tethyoides Dendy, 1922 accepted as Dragmacidon durissimum (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmaxinella mammillata Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Rhabderemia mammillata (Whitelegge, 1907) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmaxinella megastyla Burton, 1959 accepted as Biemna megastyla (Burton, 1959) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmaxinella pulchra Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Pararhaphoxya pulchra (Brøndsted, 1924) (genus transfer)

Genus Allantophora Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Biemna Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
  » Species Allantophora ciocalyptoides (Dendy, 1897) accepted as Biemna ciocalyptoides (Dendy, 1897) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Allantophora ciocalyptoides var. reducta Hallmann, 1916 accepted as Biemna ciocalyptoides (Dendy, 1897) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Allantophora plicata Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Biemna plicata (Whitelegge, 1907) (genus transfer)
  » Species Allantophora victoriana Hallmann, 1916 accepted as Biemna victoriana (Hallmann, 1916) (subgenus transfer)
Genus Biemma Bowerbank, 1882 accepted as Biemna Gray, 1867 (misspelling)
  » Species Biemma annexa (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Desmacella annexa Schmidt, 1870 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Biemma chevreuxi Topsent, 1890 accepted as Desmacella annexa Schmidt, 1870 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Biemma corrugata sensu Topsent, 1890 accepted as Desmacella topsenti (Burton, 1930) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Biemma corrugata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Mycale (Aegogropila) corrugata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemma dautzenbergi Topsent, 1890 accepted as Biemna dautzenbergi Topsent, 1890 (corrected genus name)
  » Species Biemma democratica Sollas, 1902 accepted as Desmacella democratica (Sollas, 1902) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemma grimaldii Topsent, 1890 accepted as Desmacella grimaldii (Topsent, 1890) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemma inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Desmacella inornata (Bowerbank, 1866) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemma rhaphidiophora Brøndsted, 1924 accepted as Suberites rhaphidiophorus (Brøndsted, 1924) (genus transfer)
  » Species Biemma rosea (Fristedt, 1887) accepted as Desmacella infundibuliformis (Vosmaer, 1885) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Genus Fibularia sensu Carter, 1882 accepted as Neofibularia Hechtel, 1965 (preoccupied)
  » Species Fibularia anchorata Carter, 1882 accepted as Desmapsamma anchorata (Carter, 1882) (genus transfer)
  » Species Fibularia massa Carter, 1882 accepted as Neofibularia nolitangere (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Fibularia ramosa Carter, 1882 accepted as Niphates erecta Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Fibularia raphidifera Topsent, 1889 accepted as Coelosphaera (Coelosphaera) raphidifera (Topsent, 1889) (genus transfer)
Genus Sigmaxia Hallmann, 1916 accepted as Sigmaxinella Dendy, 1897 (junior synonym)
Genus Toxemma Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Biemna Gray, 1867 (junior synonym and misspelling)
  » Species Toxemma tubulata (sensu de Laubenfels, 1936) accepted as Biemna caribea Pulitzer-Finali, 1986 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Genus Toxemna Hallmann, 1917 accepted as Biemna Gray, 1867 (junior synonym)
  » Species Toxemna tubulata (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Biemna tubulata (Dendy, 1905) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Hentschel, E. (1923). Erste Unterabteilung der Metazoa: Parazoa, Porifera-Schwämme. Pp. 307-418, fig. 288-377. <em>In: Kükenthal, W. &Krumbach, T. (Eds), Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichteder Stämme des Tierreiches. Vol. 1, Protozoa, Porifera, Coelenterata,Mesozoa. (Walter de Gruyter und Co: Berlin and Leipzig).</em>  [details]   
de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Carballo, J.L.; Cárdenas, P.; Díaz, M.-C.; Dohrmann, M.; Downey, R.; Hajdu, E.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Kelly, M.; Klautau, M.; Manconi, R.; Morrow, C.C. Pisera, A.B.; Ríos, P.; Rützler, K.; Schönberg, C.; Vacelet, J.; van Soest, R.W.M. (2022). World Porifera Database. Biemnidae Hentschel, 1923. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=150266 on 2022-11-30
Date
action
by
2005-04-03 15:15:02Z
created
2006-02-03 14:22:56Z
changed
2007-06-11 17:39:51Z
changed
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
changed

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original description Hentschel, E. (1923). Erste Unterabteilung der Metazoa: Parazoa, Porifera-Schwämme. Pp. 307-418, fig. 288-377. <em>In: Kükenthal, W. &Krumbach, T. (Eds), Handbuch der Zoologie. Eine Naturgeschichteder Stämme des Tierreiches. Vol. 1, Protozoa, Porifera, Coelenterata,Mesozoa. (Walter de Gruyter und Co: Berlin and Leipzig).</em>  [details]   

basis of record Morrow, C.C.; Redmond, N.E.; Picton, B.E.; Thacker, R.W.; Collins, A.G.; Maggs, C.A.; Sigwart, J.D.; Allcock, A.L. (2013). Molecular Phylogenies Support Homoplasy of Multiple Morphological Characters Used in the Taxonomy of Heteroscleromorpha (Porifera, Demospongiae). <em>Integrative and Comparative Biology.</em> 53 (3): 428-446., available online at https://doi.org/10.1093/icb/ict065
page(s): 442 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Morrow, C.; Cárdenas, P. (2015). Proposal for a revised classification of the Demospongiae (Porifera). <em>Frontiers in Zoology.</em> 12: 7., available online at http://www.frontiersinzoology.com/content/12/1/7
page(s): 10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
LanguageName 
Japanese カワカイメン科  [details]