WoRMS taxon details

Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Esper, 1806)

1424390  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424390)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Spongia virgultosa Esper, 1806) Esper, E.J.C. 1806. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. ZweyterTheil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 25-48, pls LXV-LXX
page(s): 40 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Esper, 1806). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424390 on 2020-10-23
Date
action
by
2020-03-09 13:29:20Z
created

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original description  (of Clathria copiosa Topsent, 1889) Topsent, E. (1889). Quelques spongiaires du Banc de Campêche et de la Pointe-à-Pître. <em>Mémoires de la Société zoologique de France.</em> 2: 30-52.
page(s): 40-41; fig 6 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Clathria jugosa Wilson, 1902) Wilson, H.V. (1902 [1900]). The sponges collected in Porto Rico in 1899 by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer Fish Hawk. <em>Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission.</em> 2: 375-411.
page(s): 397-398 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia virgultosa sensu Lamarck, 1814) Lamarck, J.-B. de. (1814 [1813]). Sur les polypiers empâtés. <em>Annales du Museum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 20: 294-312; 370-386; 432-458. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia virgultosa Esper, 1806) Esper, E.J.C. 1806. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. ZweyterTheil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 25-48, pls LXV-LXX
page(s): 40 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Tenacia clathrata Schmidt, 1870) Schmidt, O. (1870). Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI.
page(s): 56 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pandaros juniperina sensu Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) Duchassaing de Fonbressin, P.; Michelotti, G. (1864). Spongiaires de la mer Caraibe. <em>Natuurkundige verhandelingen van de Hollandsche maatschappij der wetenschappen te Haarlem.</em> 21(2): 1-124, pls I-XXV.
page(s): 90; pl XIX fig 3 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 66-67 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Neotype BMNH 1928.11.12.50 (specimen), 1954.2.20.67 (slide) [details]
Unknown type (of Tenacia clathrata Schmidt, 1870) MNHN DT 2154, geounit Eastern Caribbean [details]
From editor or global species database
Neotype Hooper (1996: 411) rejected the proposed synonymy (by De Laubenfels, 1936) between Spongia virgultosa Esper, 1806: 40, Pl. 66 (type locality probably West Indies), and Spongia juniperina Lamarck, 1814: 444 (type locality SW. coast of Australia, Peron & Leseur collection, lectotype MNHNDT570 designated by Hooper (1996: 76, 426) based on comparison between Lamark's lectotype and material described by authors of the Caribbean populations of S. virgultosa (e.g. Hartman, Wiedenmayer, Van Soest), with Van Soest, Hooper & Butler (2020: 67) nominating neotype specimen BMNH 1928.11.12.50 and microscope slide BMNH 1954.2.20.67 for the latter species since there is no surviving material of Esper (1806). Morphologically at least, these are sister species in the Caribbean (C. (T.) virgultosa (Esper, 1806)) and southwest Indian Ocean (C. (T.) juniperina (Lamarck, 1814)). [details]
Spongia virgultosa Esper, 1806
 Spongia virgultosa ...
[image from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 009336.PR)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 084537)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]