WoRMS taxon details

Spongia (Spongia) fuscoides Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1423874  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1423874)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 31 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 31) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Hippospongia fusca...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 31) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814), Amphimedon fusca (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) and Spongia fusca Hyatt, 1877.
1. Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814: 370 (type locality Red Sea or ?Mediterranean). There is no type material of S. communis fusca Lamarck remaining at MNHN Paris, nor did Topsent (1931: 10) comment on any of the three varieties of Lamarck’s species communis, including fusca, aside from Topsent (1933: 48) noting that the three varieties as “S. communis et var. α-γ” all belong to Hippospongia communis, and furthermore declares H. communis (Lamarck) to be a senior synonym of Spongia equina Schmidt, 1862. It is also uncertain whether Lamarck intended fusca to be a variety of the species communis (he did not use a term like ‘variety’), or a trinomen as was customary before Linnaeus (1758). The former is likely based on the consistency of Topsent’s revisions of Lamarck’s collection, treating varieties independently (e.g. Spongia bullata = Siphonochalina bullata (Lam.) and Spongia bullata var. β = Siphonochalina tubulosa (Esper)), and so we can treat fusca as a taxon in the sense of the ICZN (Art. 57.2), as Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814) comb. nov., which remains incertae sedis.
2. Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864: 38 (type locality St. Thomas and Tortola, Eastern Caribbean). Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 is a potential junior primary homonym of Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814 (ICZN Art. 57.2), but the former species was synonymised with Amphimedon complanata (Duchassaing, 1850) (Van Soest 1980: 31), and homonymy is removed by the synonym being in a different genus and species, so no new name is necessary.
3. Spongia agaricina subsp. corlosia (sic) var. fusca Hyatt, 1877: 524 (type locality Key West, Florida). Spongia agaricina subsp. corlosia (sic) var. fusca Hyatt, 1877 (corlosia being a misprint for coelosia Duchassaing & Michelott, 1864) is a junior primary homonym of Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814, and also a junior primary homonym of Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864, which necessitated a new name (ICZN Art. 57.2). Hyatt’s (1877) variety name fusca is not ‘in use’ so ICZN Art. 23.9.5 cannot be invoked. It is Spongia incertae sedis.
4. Summary: Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814) as the senior primary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Amphimedon fusca (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) is a junior primary homonym of Spongia communis fusca Lamarck and as a junior synonym of Amphimedon complanata (Duchassaing, 1850) is accepted in a different genus and species than Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814), so homonymy is removed (ICZN Art. 59.2 & 60.2). Spongia fusca Hyatt, 1877 is a junior primary homonym of both Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814 and Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864, in the absence of synonyms requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 57.2 & 60.3), for which Spongia (Spongia) fuscoides nom.nov. was proposed. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2021). World Porifera Database. Spongia (Spongia) fuscoides Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423874 on 2021-05-10
Date
action
by
2020-03-03 14:40:57Z
created
2021-03-15 09:46:14Z
changed

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original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 31 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 31) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814), Amphimedon fusca (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) and Spongia fusca Hyatt, 1877.
1. Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814: 370 (type locality Red Sea or ?Mediterranean). There is no type material of S. communis fusca Lamarck remaining at MNHN Paris, nor did Topsent (1931: 10) comment on any of the three varieties of Lamarck’s species communis, including fusca, aside from Topsent (1933: 48) noting that the three varieties as “S. communis et var. α-γ” all belong to Hippospongia communis, and furthermore declares H. communis (Lamarck) to be a senior synonym of Spongia equina Schmidt, 1862. It is also uncertain whether Lamarck intended fusca to be a variety of the species communis (he did not use a term like ‘variety’), or a trinomen as was customary before Linnaeus (1758). The former is likely based on the consistency of Topsent’s revisions of Lamarck’s collection, treating varieties independently (e.g. Spongia bullata = Siphonochalina bullata (Lam.) and Spongia bullata var. β = Siphonochalina tubulosa (Esper)), and so we can treat fusca as a taxon in the sense of the ICZN (Art. 57.2), as Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814) comb. nov., which remains incertae sedis.
2. Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864: 38 (type locality St. Thomas and Tortola, Eastern Caribbean). Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 is a potential junior primary homonym of Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814 (ICZN Art. 57.2), but the former species was synonymised with Amphimedon complanata (Duchassaing, 1850) (Van Soest 1980: 31), and homonymy is removed by the synonym being in a different genus and species, so no new name is necessary.
3. Spongia agaricina subsp. corlosia (sic) var. fusca Hyatt, 1877: 524 (type locality Key West, Florida). Spongia agaricina subsp. corlosia (sic) var. fusca Hyatt, 1877 (corlosia being a misprint for coelosia Duchassaing & Michelott, 1864) is a junior primary homonym of Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814, and also a junior primary homonym of Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864, which necessitated a new name (ICZN Art. 57.2). Hyatt’s (1877) variety name fusca is not ‘in use’ so ICZN Art. 23.9.5 cannot be invoked. It is Spongia incertae sedis.
4. Summary: Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814) as the senior primary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.2). Amphimedon fusca (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) is a junior primary homonym of Spongia communis fusca Lamarck and as a junior synonym of Amphimedon complanata (Duchassaing, 1850) is accepted in a different genus and species than Hippospongia fusca (Lamarck, 1814), so homonymy is removed (ICZN Art. 59.2 & 60.2). Spongia fusca Hyatt, 1877 is a junior primary homonym of both Spongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814 and Spongia fusca Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864, in the absence of synonyms requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 57.2 & 60.3), for which Spongia (Spongia) fuscoides nom.nov. was proposed. [details]