WoRMS taxon details

Bathydrilus adriaticus (Hrabĕ, 1971)

137517  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137517)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Phallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) Hrabě, S. (1971). On new marine Tubificidae of the Adriatic Sea. <em>Scripta Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Purkynianae Brunensis, Biologia.</em> 3(1): 215-226. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Holotype  (of Phallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971)...  
Holotype (of Phallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) 1842-1,2,3,6,7,11, geounit Adriatic Sea [details]
Depth range Intertidal and subtidal sand, to 32 m depth  
Depth range Intertidal and subtidal sand, to 32 m depth [details]

Distribution Caribbean area (Florida, Bermuda, Bonaire, ?Puerto Rico), Mediterranean Sea (Yugoslavia, Italy), and Arabian Gulf Coast of...  
Distribution Caribbean area (Florida, Bermuda, Bonaire, ?Puerto Rico), Mediterranean Sea (Yugoslavia, Italy), and Arabian Gulf Coast of Saudi Arabia [details]

Distribution Known from Yugoslavia (Hrabe 1971, 1975), and the Bay of Naples, Italy.  
Distribution Known from Yugoslavia (Hrabe 1971, 1975), and the Bay of Naples, Italy. [details]

Distribution Belize, Panama. Curacao, Barbados, Ascension Island, Bermuda, Florida, (?)Puerto Rico, Bonaire, Mediterranean Sea, Persian...  
Distribution Belize, Panama. Curacao, Barbados, Ascension Island, Bermuda, Florida, (?)Puerto Rico, Bonaire, Mediterranean Sea, Persian Gulf, Hawaii; apparently circumtropical. [details]

Distribution Hawaii, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean area, Persian Gulf. Probably circumtropical.   
Distribution Hawaii, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean area, Persian Gulf. Probably circumtropical.  [details]

Status The species B. adriaticus was divided into two subspecies almost simultaneously by Erséus (1979) and by Righi and Kanner...  
Status The species B. adriaticus was divided into two subspecies almost simultaneously by Erséus (1979) and by Righi and Kanner (1979): the nominate Mediterranean form is characterized by invariably 2 penial setae per bundle, and the Caribbean B. adriaticus trisetosus (junior synonym: Phallodrilus adriaticus caraibicus) is characterized by invariably 3 such setae per bundle. The Saudi Arabian form is intermediate between these subspecies. Of the 16 bundles of penial setae investigated, 10 bundles (63%) contained 2 setae, 5 bundles (31%) 3 setae, and 1 bundle (6%) 4 setae; in three of the eight specimens one bundle consisted of 2, while the other bundle of the same specimen consisted of 3 setae. It therefore appears inappropriate to maintain the polytypic adriaticus, it must rather be treated as a single, somewhat variable taxon, which apparently is very widely distributed. It is of course possible that the complex, in fact, is a number of closely related (sibling) species. Should this be the case, the distinctions between them are not at present morphologically resoluble. [details]
Timm, T. & Erséus, C. (2022). World List of Marine Oligochaeta. Bathydrilus adriaticus (Hrabe, 1971). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137517 on 2022-01-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-20 07:05:12Z
checked

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original description  (of Phallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) Hrabě, S. (1971). On new marine Tubificidae of the Adriatic Sea. <em>Scripta Facultatis Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Purkynianae Brunensis, Biologia.</em> 3(1): 215-226. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Phallodrilus adriaticus caraibicus Righi & Kanner, 1979) Righi, G.; Kanner, E. (1979). Marine Oligochaeta (Tubificidae and Enchytraeidae) from the Caribbean Sea. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao and other Caribbean islands.</em> 58(1): 44-68., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/549865 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   

context source (Bermuda) Erséus, C. (1979). Taxonomic revision of the marine genera Bathydrilus Cook and Macroseta Erséus (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae), with descriptions of six new species and subspecies. Zoologica Scripta, 8: 139-151 [details]   

basis of record Erséus, C.; Healy, B.M. (2001). Oligochaeta, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 231-234 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Erséus, C. (1990). The marine Tubificidae (Oligochaeta) of the barrier reef ecosystems at Carrie Bow Cay, Belize, and other parts of the Caribbean Sea, with descriptions of twenty-seven new species and revision of Heterodrilus, Thalassodrilides and Smithsonidrilus. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 19(3): 243-303., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1990.tb00259.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Milligan, M.R. (1996). Identification manual for the aquatic Oligochaeta of Florida. Volume II. Estuarine and nearshore marine oligochaetes. <em>Florida Departement of Environmental protection, Division of Water Facilities, Tallahasse, Florida, U.S.A.</em> 239pp. [details]   

new combination reference Erséus, C. (1979). Taxonomic Revision of the Marine Genera Bathydrilus Cook and Macroseta Erséus (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae), with Descriptions of Six New Species and Subspecies. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 8(1-4): 139-151., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1979.tb00625.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype (of Phallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) 1842-1,2,3,6,7,11, geounit Adriatic Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range Intertidal and subtidal sand, to 32 m depth [details]

Distribution Caribbean area (Florida, Bermuda, Bonaire, ?Puerto Rico), Mediterranean Sea (Yugoslavia, Italy), and Arabian Gulf Coast of Saudi Arabia [details]

Distribution Known from Yugoslavia (Hrabe 1971, 1975), and the Bay of Naples, Italy. [details]

Distribution Belize, Panama. Curacao, Barbados, Ascension Island, Bermuda, Florida, (?)Puerto Rico, Bonaire, Mediterranean Sea, Persian Gulf, Hawaii; apparently circumtropical. [details]

Distribution Hawaii, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean area, Persian Gulf. Probably circumtropical.  [details]

Status The species B. adriaticus was divided into two subspecies almost simultaneously by Erséus (1979) and by Righi and Kanner (1979): the nominate Mediterranean form is characterized by invariably 2 penial setae per bundle, and the Caribbean B. adriaticus trisetosus (junior synonym: Phallodrilus adriaticus caraibicus) is characterized by invariably 3 such setae per bundle. The Saudi Arabian form is intermediate between these subspecies. Of the 16 bundles of penial setae investigated, 10 bundles (63%) contained 2 setae, 5 bundles (31%) 3 setae, and 1 bundle (6%) 4 setae; in three of the eight specimens one bundle consisted of 2, while the other bundle of the same specimen consisted of 3 setae. It therefore appears inappropriate to maintain the polytypic adriaticus, it must rather be treated as a single, somewhat variable taxon, which apparently is very widely distributed. It is of course possible that the complex, in fact, is a number of closely related (sibling) species. Should this be the case, the distinctions between them are not at present morphologically resoluble. [details]