WoRMS taxon details

Lagenorhynchus albirostris Gray, 1846

137101  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137101)

accepted
Species
Delphinus albirostris Gray, 1846 · unaccepted (basionym)
Delphinus ibsenii Eschricht, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (synonym)
Delphinus pseudotursio Reichenbach, 1846 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Delphinus tursio Brightwell, 1846 · unaccepted (synonym)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Gray, J. E. (1846). On the British Cetacea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 17:82–85. [details]   
Note Great Yarmouth, England., The holotype was...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Great Yarmouth, England. [details]
Type locality The holotype was collected from Great Yarmouth, England by T. Brightwell. No type locality was specified by Gray (1846a), but it was described as “North Sea, coast of Norfolk” (England) by Gray (1846b) and specified as “Yarmouth” by Gray (1850a). [details]
Distribution Pelagic Northern waters  
Distribution Pelagic Northern waters [details]

Etymology The generic name Lagenorhynchus is derived from the Greek lagenos for “bottle” or “flask” and rhynchus for...  
Etymology The generic name Lagenorhynchus is derived from the Greek lagenos for “bottle” or “flask” and rhynchus for “beak” or “snout.” [details]
Perrin, W.F. (2022). World Cetacea Database. Lagenorhynchus albirostris Gray, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137101 on 2022-05-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked
2022-03-21 10:10:07Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Gray, J. E. (1846). On the British Cetacea. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 17:82–85. [details]   

original description  (of Delphinus albirostris Gray, 1846) Gray J.E. (1846). Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror. Volume 1: Mammalia and Birds. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6957416
page(s): 35; note: See (Galatius & Kinze, 2016 for more info about the nomenclature status around D. albirostris) [details]   

original description  (of Delphinus ibsenii Eschricht, 1846) Eschricht, D. F. (1846). Undersögelser over hvaldyrene. Femte afhandling. Finhvalernes osteologie og artsadskillelse [Research of whales. Fifth thesis. Fin whale osteology and species identification]. <em>Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Naturvidenskabelige og Mathematiske Afhandlinger.</em> 12:225–396. [details]   

original description  (of Delphinus pseudotursio Reichenbach, 1846) Reichenbach, H. G. L. (1846). Die cetaceen oder walthiere. Abt. 1 säugethiere, bd. 1 in Die vollständigste naturgeschichte des in- und auslandes. Expedition der vollständigsten naturgeschichte [The cetaceans or whale-animals. Dept. 1 mammals, Vol. 1 in The most complete natural history nationally and internationally. Exploration of the most complete natural history]. Expedition der vollständigsten naturgeschichte, Dresden, Germany. [details]   

original description  (of Delphinus tursio Brightwell, 1846) Brightwell, T. (1846). Observations on a specimen of the bottle-nosed dolphin, Delphinus Tursio, Fabr., taken at Great Yarmouth, October 1845. Pages 21–22 in W. Jardine, P. J. Selby, G. Johnston, C. C. Babington, J. H. Balfour and R. Taylor, eds. The annals and magazine of natural history, including zoology, botany, and geology. R. and J. E. Taylor, London, England. [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Carwardine, M., E. Hoyt, R. E. Fordyce and P. Gill. 1998. Whales, dolphins and porpoises. Time-Life Books. Nature Company Guides, USA. 288 p. [details]   

additional source Animal Diversity Web. <em>University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.</em> , available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Mead, J. G.; Brownell, R. L. Jr. (2005). Cetacea. <em>In Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp.</em> 723--743., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. <em>Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication.</em> 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. <em>Bulletin of the United States National Museum.</em> (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

new combination reference Gray J.E. (1846). Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror. Volume 1: Mammalia and Birds. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6957416 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

From editor or global species database
Biology White-beaked dolphins feed on living, benthic, shallow water fish. Their food varies according to the region and probably depends on the local availability. The stomach content of those washed ashore at the Belgian coast consisted amongst others of whiting, cod, haddock, hake, herring, plaice, mackerel and cephalopods and some benthic crustaceans.


These dolphins are mostly found living far offshore, normally in shoals of 6 to 20, although in one exceptional case of more than 1500. They are often observed together with the Atlantic white-sided dolphin. They are powerful swimmers who love to surf on bow waves of ships. [details]


Distribution Pelagic Northern waters [details]

Etymology The generic name Lagenorhynchus is derived from the Greek lagenos for “bottle” or “flask” and rhynchus for “beak” or “snout.” [details]

Holotype Skeleton and figure of an animal in the British Museum (Natural History), London, no. 916a-48.7.12.12, collected by Mr. Brightwell. [details]

Holotype According to Hershkovitz (1966), the holotype of L. albirostris Gray, 1846 consists of a skeleton and figure of the dolphin in the British Museum (Natural History), London, catalog no. 916a-48.7.12.12. The online catalog of the British Museum (accessed 23 June 2017) lists the specimen as no. 1848.7.12.12. [details]

IUCN Red List Category Least Concern (LC) [details]

Importance Are or were hunted along the coasts of several northern Atlantic countries including Norway, Iceland and Newfoundland. [details]

Morphology White-beaked dolphins are rather large, robust dolphins. The back is dark grey and black, with a lighter ‘saddlespot’ behind the dorsal fin. A dark grey to whitish line can be found above the eye which continues over the flanks to the anus. The colour is highly variable. The body is fairly stocky. The beak is rather short and the flippers are large and pointed.  [details]

Morphology Distinguishing characteristics: robust body, with a short, thick beak about 5-8 cm long in adults. The beak is distinctly set off from the melon. The dorsal fin is at mid-body. It is proportionally large (up to 15% of body length), often rounded at the peak, and strongly recurved. Both the dorsal fin and the flukes apparently decrease in size relative to other body dimensions as the dolphin ages. The pointed flippers can be up to 19% of the total adult length. The thickened tail stock tapers gradually. The beak of most white-beaked dolphins is white, often mottled with light grey or with greyish or blackish spots, but in some it is almost entirely grey (though paler than the head). The dark dorsal field anterior to the dorsal fin is sometimes separated from the dark melon by a transverse light grey stripe, a brownish-grey patch or a bold whitish "chevron" around and behind the blowhole that may extend downwards from the melon to encircle the eye.  [details]

Type locality Great Yarmouth, England. [details]

Type locality The holotype was collected from Great Yarmouth, England by T. Brightwell. No type locality was specified by Gray (1846a), but it was described as “North Sea, coast of Norfolk” (England) by Gray (1846b) and specified as “Yarmouth” by Gray (1850a). [details]

From other sources
Diet clupeids, gadids and hake are the principal diet. Other fish, cephalopods and benthic crustaceans are also eaten. [details]

Dimensions Length: male 8-10' (2.4-3 m), female 8-10' (2.4-3 m), at birth 4' (1.2 m); Weight: 200 kg on average [details]

Habitat temperate to subpolar, mostly in deep water [details]

Habitat inshore to mainly offshore [details]

Reproduction Calves born between June and September. Reach sexual maturity at a length of 1.95 m. (at birth are about 115 m long.) [details]
LanguageName 
Czech plískavice bělonosá  [details]
Danish hvidnæse  [details]
Dutch witsnuitdolfijndolfijn met witten snuit  [details]
English white-nosed dolphinwhite-beaked dolphinwhite-beaked bottlenose  [details]
French dauphin à rostre blancdauphin à bec blanc  [details]
German weißschnauziger Springerweißschnauziger DelfinWeißschnauzendelfinweisschnauziger Springerweisschnauziger delphin  [details]
Icelandic hofrungurhnydingur  [details]
Italian lagenorinco rostrobianco  [details]
Kalaallisut niza  [details]
Lithuanian baltasnukis delfinas  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Λευκόρυγχος λαγηνόρυγχος  [details]
Norwegian hvitsnutet springerhvidsnudet delfinhvidnaese  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål kvitnos  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk kvitnos  [details]
Polish delfin białonosy  [details]
Russian дельфин беломордыйbelorylyi delfinbelonosyi delfin  [details]
Slovenian elokljuni pisani delfinbelokljuni pisani delfin  [details]
Spanish delfín de hocico blanco  [details]
Swedish vitnos  [details]
Turkish ak burunlu yunus  [details]
Ukrainian Дельфін біломордий  [details]
Welsh dolffin pigwyn  [details]