WoRMS taxon details

Polycirrus Grube, 1850

129710  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129710)

accepted
Genus
Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850 (type by monotypy)
Anisocirrus Gravier, 1905 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Aphlebina Claparède, 1864 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (subjective synonym)
Apneumea Quatrefages, 1866 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym (subjective synonym)
Cyaxares Kinberg, 1867 · unaccepted (Subjective synonym)
Dejoces Kinberg, 1867 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Ereutho Malmgren, 1866 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Leucariste Malmgren, 1866 · unaccepted (Subjective synonym)
Litancyra Hutchings, 1977 · unaccepted (Subjective synonym)
Polycirrus (Ereutho) · unaccepted (Subjective synonym)
Polycirrus (Leucariste) · unaccepted (Subjective synonym)
Pseudoampharete Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Torquea Leidy, 1855 · unaccepted (subjective synonym)

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  1. Species Polycirrus abrolhensis Garraffoni & Costa, 2003
  2. Species Polycirrus angeli Londoño-Mesa, 2009
  3. Species Polycirrus antarcticus (Willey, 1902)
  4. Species Polycirrus aoandon Jimi In Jimi, Bessho-Uehara, Nakamura,Sakata, Hayashi, Kanie, Mitani, Ohmiya, Tsuyuki, Ota, Woo & Ogoh, 2023
  5. Species Polycirrus aquila Caullery, 1944
  6. Species Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865
  7. Species Polycirrus arenivorus Caullery, 1916
  8. Species Polycirrus asturiensis Cepeda & Lattig, 2016
  9. Species Polycirrus aurantiacus Grube, 1860
  10. Species Polycirrus bicrinalis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
  11. Species Polycirrus boholensis Grube, 1878
  12. Species Polycirrus breviuncinatus Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013
  13. Species Polycirrus broomensis Hartmann-Schröder, 1979
  14. Species Polycirrus brutus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  15. Species Polycirrus caliendrum Claparède, 1869
  16. Species Polycirrus californicus Moore, 1909
  17. Species Polycirrus carolinensis Day, 1973
  18. Species Polycirrus catalanensis Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe & Londoño-Mesa, 2020
  19. Species Polycirrus changbunker Nogueira, Van Deursen, Ranauro & Carrerette, 2020
  20. Species Polycirrus chilensis Schmarda, 1861
  21. Species Polycirrus clavatus (Kinberg, 1867)
  22. Species Polycirrus coccineus Grube, 1869
  23. Species Polycirrus coibensis Glasby & Hutchings, 2014
  24. Species Polycirrus corallicola Verrill, 1900
  25. Species Polycirrus cruciformis Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  26. Species Polycirrus culcita Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  27. Species Polycirrus decipiens (Gravier, 1905)
  28. Species Polycirrus denticulatus Saint-Joseph, 1894
  29. Species Polycirrus disjunctus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
  30. Species Polycirrus dodeka Hutchings, 1990
  31. Species Polycirrus dubius Day, 1973
  32. Species Polycirrus elisabethae McIntosh, 1915
  33. Species Polycirrus eous Annenkova-Chlopina, 1924
  34. Species Polycirrus fedorovi Jirkov & Leontovich in Jirkov, 2001
  35. Species Polycirrus glasbyi Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe & Londoño-Mesa, 2020
  36. Species Polycirrus glaucus Hutchings, 1993
  37. Species Polycirrus glossochelius Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  38. Species Polycirrus gujanensis Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe & Londoño-Mesa, 2020
  39. Species Polycirrus haematodes (Claparède, 1864)
  40. Species Polycirrus hamiltoni Benham, 1921
  41. Species Polycirrus hesslei Monro, 1930
  42. Species Polycirrus holthei Londoño-Mesa & Carrera-Parra, 2005
  43. Species Polycirrus idex Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe & Londoño-Mesa, 2020
  44. Species Polycirrus ikeguchii Jimi In Jimi, Bessho-Uehara, Nakamura,Sakata, Hayashi, Kanie, Mitani, Ohmiya, Tsuyuki, Ota, Woo & Ogoh, 2023
  45. Species Polycirrus jubatus Bobretzky, 1868
  46. Species Polycirrus karadenizicus Çinar & Erdoğan-Dereli̇, 2023
  47. Species Polycirrus kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885)
  48. Species Polycirrus latidens Eliason, 1962
  49. Species Polycirrus macintoshi Glasby & Hutchings, 2014
  50. Species Polycirrus medius Hessle, 1917
  51. Species Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850
  52. Species Polycirrus mexicanus (Rioja, 1947)
  53. Species Polycirrus minutus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  54. Species Polycirrus multisetigerus Hartmann-Schröder, 1962
  55. Species Polycirrus multus Hutchings, 1990
  56. Species Polycirrus nephrosus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
  57. Species Polycirrus nervosus Marenzeller, 1884
  58. Species Polycirrus nogueirai Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe & Londoño-Mesa, 2020
  59. Species Polycirrus nonatoi Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013
  60. Species Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912
  61. Species Polycirrus octosetus (Hutchings, 1977)
  62. Species Polycirrus oculeus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  63. Species Polycirrus onibi Jimi In Jimi, Bessho-Uehara, Nakamura,Sakata, Hayashi, Kanie, Mitani, Ohmiya, Tsuyuki, Ota, Woo & Ogoh, 2023
  64. Species Polycirrus paivai Garraffoni & Costa, 2003
  65. Species Polycirrus pallidus (Claparède, 1864)
  66. Species Polycirrus papillatus Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  67. Species Polycirrus papillosus Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013
  68. Species Polycirrus parvus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
  69. Species Polycirrus paucidens Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
  70. Species Polycirrus pellucida (Quatrefages, 1866)
  71. Species Polycirrus pennarbedae Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe & Londoño-Mesa, 2020
  72. Species Polycirrus pennulifera Verrill, 1900
  73. Species Polycirrus perplexus Moore, 1923
  74. Species Polycirrus phosphoreus Verrill, 1879
  75. Species Polycirrus plumosus (Wollebaek, 1912)
  76. Species Polycirrus porcatus Knox & Cameron, 1971
  77. Species Polycirrus pumilus Hartmann-Schröder, 1990
  78. Species Polycirrus purpureus Schmarda, 1861
  79. Species Polycirrus quadratus Hutchings, 1990
  80. Species Polycirrus readi Lavesque, Hutchings, Daffe & Londoño-Mesa, 2020
  81. Species Polycirrus rhombolabiatus Çinar & Erdoğan-Dereli̇, 2023
  82. Species Polycirrus rosea Hutchings & Murray, 1984
  83. Species Polycirrus rubrointestinalis Nogueira, Hutchings & Carrerette, 2015
  84. Species Polycirrus swakopianus Augener, 1918
  85. Species Polycirrus tentaculatus (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960)
  86. Species Polycirrus tenuisetis Langerhans, 1880
  87. Species Polycirrus tesselatus Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
  88. Species Polycirrus twisti Potts, 1928
  89. Species Polycirrus variabilis Hutchings & Glasby, 1986
  90. Subgenus Polycirrus (Ereutho) accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
    1. Species Polycirrus (Ereutho) aquila Caullery, 1944 accepted as Polycirrus aquila Caullery, 1944 (superseded original combination)
  91. Subgenus Polycirrus (Leucariste) accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
    1. Species Polycirrus (Leucariste) arenivorus Caullery, 1916 accepted as Polycirrus arenivorus Caullery, 1916 (superseded original combination; subgeneric rank abandoned)
    2. Species Polycirrus (Leucariste) coccineus Grube, 1869 accepted as Polycirrus coccineus Grube, 1869 (superseded original combination with disused subgenus)
  92. Species Polycirrus albicans (Malmgren, 1866) accepted as Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865 (recombination of subjective synonym)
  93. Species Polycirrus habitats Carrerette & Nogueira, 2013 accepted as Polycirrus clavatus (Kinberg, 1867) (Subjective synonym)
  94. Species Polycirrus insignis Gravier, 1907 accepted as Polycirrus antarcticus (Willey, 1902) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, subjective synonym)
  95. Species Polycirrus kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Polycirrus macintoshi Glasby & Hutchings, 2014 (replaced secondary homonym)
  96. Species Polycirrus leocine (Quatrefages, 1866) accepted as Polycirrus haematodes (Claparède, 1864) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, recombination of subjective synonym; misspelling of 'leoncina')
  97. Species Polycirrus luminosus Verrill, 1900 accepted as Polycirrus purpureus Schmarda, 1861 (subjective synonym)
  98. Species Polycirrus norvegica Wollebæk, 1912 accepted as Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912 (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet, incorrect original spelling, gender agreement requires ‘norvegicus’)
  99. Species Polycirrus norvegicius Wollebaek, 1912 accepted as Polycirrus norvegicus Wollebaek, 1912 (Lapsus calami)
  100. Species Polycirrus porcata Knox & Cameron, 1971 accepted as Polycirrus porcatus Knox & Cameron, 1971 (unaccepted > incorrect grammatical agreement of specific epithet, incorrect original spelling, gender agreement requires ‘porcatus’)
  101. Species Polycirrus tribullata McIntosh, 1869 accepted as Hauchiella tribullata (McIntosh, 1869) (superseded original combination)
  102. Species Polycirrus trilobatus Sars, 1863 accepted as Amaeana trilobata (Sars, 1863) (superseded original combination)
  103. Species Polycirrus eximius (Leidy, 1855) (uncertain > taxon inquirendum)
  104. Species Polycirrus triglandula Langerhans, 1880 (uncertain > taxon inquirendum, type material missing)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 330; note: name followed by a 10 word description for P. medusa [details]   
Etymology Not stated. The name Polycirrus is composed by the prefix of Greek origin poly-, meaning 'many', and the Latin noun cirrus,...  
Etymology Not stated. The name Polycirrus is composed by the prefix of Greek origin poly-, meaning 'many', and the Latin noun cirrus, meaning 'curl' or 'filament', and refers presumably to the presence of numerous buccal tentacles on the prostomial region. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2024). World Polychaeta Database. Polycirrus Grube, 1850. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129710 on 2024-02-28
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2017-01-26 06:33:32Z
changed
2018-03-04 22:55:14Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 330; note: name followed by a 10 word description for P. medusa [details]   

original description  (of Aphlebina Claparède, 1864) Claparède, Édouard. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). <em>Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève.</em> 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 483-490 [details]   

original description  (of Ereutho Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866? vol for 1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 391 [details]   

original description  (of Litancyra Hutchings, 1977) Hutchings, Patricia A. (1977). Terebelliform Polychaeta of the families Ampharetidae, Terebellidae and Trichobranchidae from Australia, chiefly from Moreton Bay, Queensland. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 31(1): 1-38., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.31.1977.232
page(s): 9-10 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Pseudoampharete Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) Hartmann-Schröder, Gesa. (1960). Zur Polychaeten-Fauna von Peru. <em>Beiträge zur neotropischen Fauna.</em> 2(1): 1-44., available online at http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/01650526009380621
page(s): 38 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Anisocirrus Gravier, 1905) Gravier, Charles. (1905). Sur deux types nouveaux de Térébelliens, <i>Anisocirrus</i> nov. gen., <i>decipiens</i> nov. sp., <i>Aponobranchus</i> nov. gen., <i>perrieri</i> nov. sp. <em>Bulletin du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.</em> 11(6): 437-444., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42898010
page(s): 437-441 [diagnosis in page 441] [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Apneumea Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, A. (1866). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <b>Volume 2.</b>. Première partie. 1-336. Deuxième Partie. 337-794. Explication des planches p.1-24. planches 1-20. Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=M_xNAAAAcAAJ
page(s): 380 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Cyaxares Kinberg, 1867) Kinberg, J.G.H. (1866 [or 1867]). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 23(9): 337-357., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32287795
page(s): 348 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Dejoces Kinberg, 1867) Kinberg, J.G.H. (1866 [or 1867]). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 23(9): 337-357., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32287795
page(s): 348 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Leucariste Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866? vol for 1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 390 [details]   

original description  (of Torquea Leidy, 1855) Leidy, J. (1855). Contributions towards a knowledge of the marine Invertebrate fauna of the coasts of Rhode Island and New Jersey. <em>Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia.</em> 3(2) no. 11: 135-152, pls. 10-11. (xii-1855)., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36848120
page(s): 146 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Patricia A. (2014). Revision of the taxonomy of <em>Polycirrus</em> Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3877(1): 1-117., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3877.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Nogueira, Joao M. de Matos; Hutchings, Pat A.; Carrerette, Orlemir. (2015). Polycirridae (Annelida, Terebelliformia) from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4019(1): 437-483., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4019.1.17
page(s): 448-449; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) [details]   

additional source Hutchings, Patricia A.; Glasby, Christopher J. (1986). The Polycirrinae (Polychaeta: Terebellidae) from Australia. <em>Records of the Australian Museum.</em> 38(6): 319-350., available online at http://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.38.1986.185
page(s): 330; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866? vol for 1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 393-394; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus); invalid fixation of Polycirrus aurantiacus Grube, 1860 as the type species [details]   

additional source Glasby, Christopher J.; Read, Geoffrey B.; Lee, Kenneth E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches. <em>[Book chapter].</em> Chapt 17, pp. 312-358. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P., L. Bosse & G. Lamarche. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Day, J. H. (1967). [Sedentaria] A monograph on the Polychaeta of Southern Africa. Part 2. Sedentaria. British Museum (Natural History), London. pp. 459–842., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/8596  [details]   

identification resource Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Patricia A. (2014). Revision of the taxonomy of <em>Polycirrus</em> Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3877(1): 1-117., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3877.1.1
page(s): Key p.14, Checklist p.115 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis The original diagnosis of the genus given by Grube (1850: 330) corresponds to the diagnosis of the new species Polycirrus medusa: "Amphictenea. Mundsegment oben mit einer Querreihe von Paleen besetzt." [details]

Diagnosis Re-diagnosis of the genus by Hutchings & Glasby (1986: 330): "Expanded tentacular membrane trilobate, sometimes with lateral lobes reduced, with 2 types of buccal tentacles. Thorax with a variable number of setigers, notopodia from segment 2 or 3. Neuropodia first present from segments 7-18. Notosetae variable; include pinnate, hirsute, smooth winged or smooth wingless capillaries, but only 1 or 2 types of setae present in anyone species.[details]

Etymology Not stated. The name Polycirrus is composed by the prefix of Greek origin poly-, meaning 'many', and the Latin noun cirrus, meaning 'curl' or 'filament', and refers presumably to the presence of numerous buccal tentacles on the prostomial region. [details]