WoRMS taxon details

Virgularia mirabilis (Müller, 1776)

128539  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:128539)

accepted
Species
Lygus mirabilis (Müller, 1776) · unaccepted (changed combination)
Pennatula mirabilis Müller, 1776 · unaccepted (original combination)
Scirpearia mirabilis Cuvier, 1817 · unaccepted > superseded combination (incorrect authority)
Virgularia leuckartii Richiardi, 1869 · unaccepted (synonym)
Virgularia lovenii Kölliker, 1870 · unaccepted (synonym)
Virgularia lyungmanii Kölliker, 1870 · unaccepted (synonym)
Virgularia multiflora Kner, 1858 · unaccepted (synonym)
Virgularia vanbenedensis Herklots, 1858 · unaccepted (misspelling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(of Pennatula mirabilis Müller, 1776) Müller, O.F. (1776). <em>Zoologiæ Danicæ Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniæ et Norvegiæ indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium.</em> Havniæ [Copenhagen]: Hallageri. xxxii + 274 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 255 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Cordeiro, R.; McFadden, C.; van Ofwegen, L.; Williams, G. (2022). World List of Octocorallia. Virgularia mirabilis (Müller, 1776). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=128539 on 2022-05-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-27 12:57:38Z
checked
2019-06-25 05:41:35Z
changed
2019-12-21 22:02:05Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Virgularia lovenii Kölliker, 1870) Kölliker, A. von. (1870). Anatomisch-systematische Beschreibung der Alcyonarien. Erste Abtheilung: Die Pennatuliden. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 7: 487-602., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16209642
page(s): 541 [details]   

original description  (of Virgularia multiflora Kner, 1858) Kner, R. (1858). Ueber Virgularia multiflora, n. sp. aus der Familie der Seefedern, Pennatulina. <em>Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien.</em> 8 (1858): 295-298., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/26712710 [details]   

original description  (of Deutocaulon hystricis Marshall & Fowler, 1888) Marshall, A.M.; Fowler, G.H. (1887). Report on the Pennatulida dredged by H.M.S. "Porcupine". <em>Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh.</em> 33(2): 453-464., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/41405360
page(s): 461-462 [details]   

original description  (of Pennatula mirabilis Müller, 1776) Müller, O.F. (1776). <em>Zoologiæ Danicæ Prodromus, seu Animalium Daniæ et Norvegiæ indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium.</em> Havniæ [Copenhagen]: Hallageri. xxxii + 274 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 255 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Virgularia vanbenedenii Herklots, 1858) Herklots, J.A. (1858). Notices pour servir à l'étude des polypiers nageurs ou pennatulides. <em>Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde.</em> 7: 1-31, plates 1-7., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.c073544750&view=1up&seq=9
page(s): 12-13 [details]   

original description  (of Virgularia lyungmanii Kölliker, 1870) Kölliker, A. von. (1870). Anatomisch-systematische Beschreibung der Alcyonarien. Erste Abtheilung: Die Pennatuliden. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 7: 487-602., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16209642
page(s): 536-537 [details]   

original description  (of Virgularia leuckartii Richiardi, 1869) Richiardi, S. (1869). Monografia della famiglia dei Pennatularii. <em>Archivio per la zoologia, l'anatomia e la fisiologia (Turin).</em> (2) 1: 1-150, plates 1-14., available online at https://opacplus.bsb-muenchen.de/Vta2/bsb10306574/bsb:4319620?page=11
page(s): 82 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Williams, G.C.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia - Pennatulacea. <em>in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification.</em> Collection Patrimoines Naturels 50: pp. 105-106. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Williams G.C. (1995). Living genera of sea pens (Coelenterata: Pennatulacea): illustrated key and synopses. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 113, pp. 93-140.
page(s): 125 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1999). Index Pennatulacea: annotated bibliography and indexes of the Sea Pens (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the World 1469-1999. <em>Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci.</em> 51(2): 19-103, 1 fig., 14 plates. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., and Bayer, F.M., 2009. Octocorallia (Cnidaria) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 321–331 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1915). Pennatularia. Das Tierreich. 43: 1-132., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/900948
page(s): 74 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1999). Index Pennatulacea: annotated bibliography and indexes of the Sea Pens (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the World 1469-1999. <em>Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences.</em> 51(2): 19-103. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 46 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1995). Revision of the pennatulacean genus Sarcoptilus (Coelenterata: Octocorallia), with descriptions of three new species from southern Australia. <em>Records of the South Australian Museum.</em> 28(1), 13-32.
page(s): 14 [details]   

additional source López-González, P. J.; Gili, J. M.; Williams, G. C. (2001). New records of Pennatulacea (Anthozoa: Octocorallia) from the African Atlantic coast, with description of a new species and a zoogeographic analysis. <em>Scientia Marina.</em> 65(1), 59-74.
page(s): 60, 63, 64, 71, 72 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1990). The Pennatulacea of southern Africa (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum. Annale van die Suid-Afrikaanse Museum.</em> 99:31-119., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40684114
page(s): 38, 40, 89, 90, 91, 111 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1952). New Western Atlantic records of octocorals (Coelenterata: Anthozoa), with descriptions of three new species. <em>Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences.</em> 42(6): 183-189., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39697529
page(s): 189 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A.; d'Hondt, M-J. (1974). Nouvelles recoltes d'Octocoralliaires a Madagascar. <em>Tethys.</em> 5(2-3): 251-266., available online at http://paleopolis.rediris.es/benthos/REF/som/T-pdf/1973_5-2-251.pdf
page(s): 262 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; Henderson, W.D. (1906). The marine fauna of Zanzibar and British East Africa, from collections made by Cyril Crossland, M.A., B.Sc., F.Z.S., in the years 1901 and 1902 -- Alcyonaria. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1906, 393-442, plates 26-31., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32051773
page(s): 395, 436, 437 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1961). Les Octocoralliaires du Golfe de Guinee et des Iles de Cap-Vert (Alcyonacea, Pennatulacea). <em>Annales de l'Institut oceanographique, Monaco.</em> 39: 237-262.
page(s): 254-257 [details]   

additional source Deichmann, E. (1936). The Alcyonaria of the western part of the Atlantic Ocean. <em>Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College.</em> 53: 1-317, plates 1-37., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/4363633
page(s): 11, 255, 272, 273-274 [details]   

additional source Jungersen, H.F.E. (1904). Pennatulida. <em>The Danish Ingolf-Expedition.</em> 5(1): 1-95, plates 1-3., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16847516
page(s): 25-33 [details]   

additional source Imahara, Y.; Ogawa, K. (2006). Rediscovery of Virgularia juncea (Octocorallia, Pennatulacea) from a tidal marsh in Okinawa, with a short note on its peculiar behavior. Proceedings of the Tenth International Coral Reef Symposium, 9-13
page(s): 12 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J. A. (1929). Alcyonaires des environs de Monaco et de localités diverses. Bulletin de l'Institut Océanographique (Monaco), (534): 1-10
page(s): 9 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
    Definitions

Nontype LBM ANT-99, geounit Guinea Bissau Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SAfM 3746, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SAfM H3240, geounit South African Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype SAfM H3869, geounit Namibian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
LanguageName 
English slender sea-penslender sea pensea rushelegant sea pencommon sea pen  [details]
French pennatule magnifique  [details]
German Zauberhafte SeefederSchmale Seefeder  [details]