WoRMS taxon details

Thouarella Gray, 1870

125323  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125323)

accepted
Genus
Amphilaphis Wright & Studer, 1887 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Hookerella Gray, 1870 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym
Thouarella (Amphilaphis) Wright & Studer, 1887 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym

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  1. Subgenus Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) Kinoshita, 1908
    1. Species Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) coronata Kinoshita, 1908
    2. Species Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) parva Kinoshita, 1908
  2. Subgenus Thouarella (Epithouarella) Kükenthal, 1915
    1. Species Thouarella (Epithouarella) affinis Wright & Studer, 1889
    2. Species Thouarella (Epithouarella) chilensis Kükenthal, 1908
    3. Species Thouarella (Epithouarella) crenelata Kükenthal, 1907
    4. Species Thouarella (Epithouarella) viridis Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010
  3. Subgenus Thouarella (Euthouarella) Kükenthal, 1915
    1. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) grasshoffi Cairns, 2006
    2. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) hilgendorfi (Studer, 1879)
    3. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906
    4. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) longispinosa Kükenthal, 1912
    5. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) moseleyi Wright & Studer, 1889
    6. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) tydemani Versluys, 1906
    7. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) typica Kinoshita, 1907
    8. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) abies Broch, 1965 accepted as Fannyella (Scyphogorgia) abies (Broch, 1965) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
    9. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) carinata Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    10. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) coronata (Kinoshita, 1908) accepted as Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) coronata Kinoshita, 1908 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    11. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) flabellata Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    12. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) recta Nutting, 1912 accepted as Plumarella recta (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    13. Species Thouarella (Euthouarella) tenuisquamis Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  4. Subgenus Thouarella (Thouarella) Gray, 1870
    1. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) andeep Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2010
    2. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846)
    3. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) bipinnata Cairns, 2006
    4. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) brucei (Thomson & Ritchie, 1906)
    5. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) clavata Kükenthal, 1908
    6. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) debilis Cairns & Häussermann, 2021
    7. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) diadema Cairns, 2006
    8. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) hicksoni J.S. Thomson, 1911
    9. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) koellikeri Wright & Studer, 1889
    10. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) minuta Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2010
    11. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) pendulina (Roule, 1908)
    12. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) striata Kükenthal, 1907
    13. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) undulata Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2010
    14. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) variabilis Wright & Studer, 1889
    15. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) alternata Nutting, 1912 accepted as Plumarella alternata (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    16. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) bayeri Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2010 accepted as Plumarella bayeri (Zapata-Guardiola & Lopez-González, 2010) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
    17. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) recta Nutting, 1912 accepted as Plumarella recta (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    18. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) sardana Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2010 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) diadema Cairns, 2006 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    19. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) superba (Nutting, 1912) accepted as Plumarella superba (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    20. Species Thouarella (Thouarella) versluysi Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) brucei (Thomson & Ritchie, 1906) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, alternate representation)
  5. Species Thouarella biserialis (Nutting, 1908)
  6. Species Thouarella brevispinosa Wright & Studer, 1889
  7. Species Thouarella cristata Cairns, 2011
  8. Species Thouarella dispersa Kükenthal, 1912
  9. Species Thouarella grandiflora Kükenthal, 1912
  10. Species Thouarella parachilensis Taylor, Cairns, Agnew & Rogers, 2013
  11. Species Thouarella porcupinensis Altuna & López-González, 2019
  12. Species Thouarella regularis (Wright & Studer, 1889)
  13. Species Thouarella taylorae Cairns in Cairns, Stone, Moon & Lee, 2017
  14. Species Thouarella trilineata Cairns, 2011
  15. Species Thouarella vitjaz Zapata-Guardiola & López-González, 2012
  16. Subgenus Thouarella (Amphilaphis) Wright & Studer, 1887 accepted as Thouarella Gray, 1870 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    1. Species Thouarella (Amphilaphis) abietina (Studer, 1894) accepted as Faxiella abietina (Studer, 1894) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Thouarella (Amphilaphis) dispersa (Kükenthal, 1912) accepted as Thouarella dispersa Kükenthal, 1912 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    3. Species Thouarella (Amphilaphis) grandiflora Kükenthal, 1912 accepted as Thouarella grandiflora Kükenthal, 1912 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    4. Species Thouarella (Amphilaphis) parva (Kinoshita, 1908) accepted as Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) parva Kinoshita, 1908 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Species Thouarella (Amphilaphis) plumacea (Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911) accepted as Primnocapsa plumacea (Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    6. Species Thouarella (Amphilaphis) regularis (Wright & Studer, 1889) accepted as Thouarella regularis (Wright & Studer, 1889) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    7. Species Thouarella (Amphilaphis) superba (Nutting, 1912) accepted as Plumarella superba (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  17. Subgenus Thouarella (Parathouarella) Kükenthal, 1915 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) Gray, 1870 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
    1. Species Thouarella (Parathouarella) antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846) accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    2. Species Thouarella (Parathouarella) brevispinosa Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Thouarella brevispinosa Wright & Studer, 1889 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    3. Species Thouarella (Parathouarella) clavata Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) clavata Kükenthal, 1908 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    4. Species Thouarella (Parathouarella) koellikeri Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) koellikeri Wright & Studer, 1889 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    5. Species Thouarella (Parathouarella) striata Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) striata Kükenthal, 1907 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    6. Species Thouarella (Parathouarella) variabilis Wright & Studer, 1889 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) variabilis Wright & Studer, 1889 (unaccepted > superseded combination)
    7. Species Thouarella (Parathouarella) versluysi Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) brucei (Thomson & Ritchie, 1906) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym, alternate representation)
  18. Species Thouarella abies Broch, 1965 accepted as Fannyella (Scyphogorgia) abies (Broch, 1965) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  19. Species Thouarella acanthina (Wright & Studer, 1889) accepted as Dasystenella acanthina (Wright & Studer, 1889) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  20. Species Thouarella alternata Nutting, 1912 accepted as Plumarella alternata (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  21. Species Thouarella attenuata Kükenthal, 1924 accepted as Plumarella alternata (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > misspelling - incorrect subsequent spelling, of T. alternata)
  22. Species Thouarella aurea Deichmann, 1936 accepted as Plumarella aurea (Deichmann, 1936) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  23. Species Thouarella carinata Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  24. Species Thouarella flabellata Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  25. Species Thouarella goesi (Aurivillius, 1931) accepted as Acanthoprimnoa goesi (Aurivillius, 1931) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  26. Species Thouarella recta Nutting, 1912 accepted as Plumarella recta (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination, original combination)
  27. Species Thouarella regularis Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) tenuisquamis Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (unaccepted > junior homonym, of Thouarella regularis (Wright & Studer, 1889))
  28. Species Thouarella superba (Nutting, 1912) accepted as Plumarella superba (Nutting, 1912) (unaccepted > superseded combination)
  29. Species Thouarella tenuisquamis Kükenthal, 1908 accepted as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  30. Species Thouarella versluysi Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Thouarella (Thouarella) brucei (Thomson & Ritchie, 1906) (unaccepted > junior subjective synonym)
  31. Species Thouarella affinis Wright & Studer, 1889 represented as Thouarella (Epithouarella) affinis Wright & Studer, 1889 (subgenus assignment)
  32. Species Thouarella antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846) represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) antarctica (Valenciennes, 1846) (subgenus assignment)
  33. Species Thouarella brucei Thomson & Ritchie, 1906 represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) brucei (Thomson & Ritchie, 1906) (subgenus assignment)
  34. Species Thouarella chilensis Kükenthal, 1908 represented as Thouarella (Epithouarella) chilensis Kükenthal, 1908 (subgenus assignment)
  35. Species Thouarella clavata Kükenthal, 1908 represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) clavata Kükenthal, 1908 (subgenus assignment)
  36. Species Thouarella coronata (Kinoshita, 1908) represented as Thouarella (Diplocalyptra) coronata Kinoshita, 1908 (subgenus assignment)
  37. Species Thouarella crenelata Kükenthal, 1907 represented as Thouarella (Epithouarella) crenelata Kükenthal, 1907 (subgenus assignment)
  38. Species Thouarella hicksoni J.S. Thomson, 1911 represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) hicksoni J.S. Thomson, 1911 (subgenus assignment)
  39. Species Thouarella hilgendorfi (Studer, 1878) represented as Thouarella (Euthouarella) hilgendorfi (Studer, 1879) (subgenus assignment)
  40. Species Thouarella koellikeri Wright & Studer, 1889 represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) koellikeri Wright & Studer, 1889 (subgenus assignment)
  41. Species Thouarella laxa Versluys, 1906 represented as Thouarella (Euthouarella) laxa Versluys, 1906 (subgenus assignment)
  42. Species Thouarella longispinosa Kükenthal, 1912 represented as Thouarella (Euthouarella) longispinosa Kükenthal, 1912 (subgenus assignment)
  43. Species Thouarella moseleyi Wright & Studer, 1889 represented as Thouarella (Euthouarella) moseleyi Wright & Studer, 1889 (subgenus assignment)
  44. Species Thouarella pendulina (Roule, 1908) represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) pendulina (Roule, 1908)
  45. Species Thouarella striata Kükenthal, 1907 represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) striata Kükenthal, 1907 (subgenus assignment)
  46. Species Thouarella tydemani Versluys, 1906 represented as Thouarella (Euthouarella) tydemani Versluys, 1906 (subgenus assignment)
  47. Species Thouarella typica Kinoshita, 1907 represented as Thouarella (Euthouarella) typica Kinoshita, 1907 (subgenus assignment)
  48. Species Thouarella variabilis Wright & Studer, 1889 represented as Thouarella (Thouarella) variabilis Wright & Studer, 1889 (subgenus assignment)
marine, terrestrial
Gray, J. E. (1870). Catalogue of Lithophytes or stony corals in the collection of the British Museum. pp. 1-51., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/23832271
page(s): 45 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Thouarella Gray, 1870. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125323 on 2024-05-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2009-07-16 06:29:22Z
changed
db_admin
2009-07-17 06:36:15Z
changed
db_admin
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2022-06-20 21:06:59Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Gray, J. E. (1870). Catalogue of Lithophytes or stony corals in the collection of the British Museum. pp. 1-51., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/23832271
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (of Hookerella Gray, 1870) Gray, J. E. (1870). Catalogue of Lithophytes or stony corals in the collection of the British Museum. pp. 1-51., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/23832271
page(s): 45 [details]   

original description  (of Amphilaphis Wright & Studer, 1887) Studer, T. (1887). Versuch eines Systemes der Alcyonaria. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 53(1):1-74., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6379196
page(s): 65 [details]   

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). Biogeography of the octocorallian coelenterate fauna of southern Africa. <em>Biol. J. Linn. Soc.</em> 46: 351-401. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Lovell, L. L.; Trego, K. D. (2003). The epibenthic megafaunal and benthic infaunal invertebrates of Port Foster, Deception Island (South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. <em>Deep-Sea Research Part II Topical Studies in Oceanography.</em> 50(10-11): 1799-1819.
page(s): 1812 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. & F.M. Bayer. (2009). A generic revision and phylogenetic analysis of the Primnoidae (Cnidaria:Octocorallia). <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington DC (USA).</em> 629:1-79. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1924). Coelenterata: Gorgonaria. in: Das Tierreich (Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen). 47. 478 pp.
page(s): 287-288 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cairns, S.D. & F.M. Bayer. (2005). A review of the genus Primnoa (Octocorallia: Gorgonacea: Primnoidae), with the description of two new species. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 77(2), 225-256.
page(s): 225 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F.M. (1961). The shallow-water Octocorallia of the West Indian region. A manual for marine biologists. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curacao and Other Caribbean Islands.</em> 12:1-373, pls. 1-23., available online at https://repository.naturalis.nl/pub/506065
page(s): 294 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1982). Some new and old species of the primnoid genus Callogorgia Gray, with a revalidation of the related genus Fanellia Gray (Coelenterata: Anthozoa). <em>Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.</em> 95(1): 116–160.
page(s): 117-118 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 250 [details]   

additional source Bayer, F. M. & K.M. Muzik. (1976). New genera and species of the holaxonian family Chrysogorgiidae (Octocorallia: Gorgonacea). <em>Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden.</em> 50(5): 65-90, plates 1-7.
page(s): 88, 89 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Belcik, F. P. (1977). A distribution study of the Octocorallia of Oregon. Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, 24(1-3): 49-52
page(s): 51 [details]   

additional source Grigg, R. W. & F.M. Bayer. (1976). Present knowledge of the systematics and zoogeography of the order Gorgonacea in Hawaii. <em>Pacific Science.</em> 30(2): 167-175.
page(s): 171 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bayer, F. M. (1952). Two new species of Arthrogorgia (Gorgonacea: Primnoidae) from the Aleutian Islands region. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 65, 63-69, plate 2
page(s): 69 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Orejas, C.; Gili, J.; López-González, P. J.; Hasemann, C.; Arntz, W. E. (2007). Reproduction patterns of four Antarctic octocorals in the Weddell Sea: an inter-specific, shape, and latitudinal comparison. Marine Biology, 150, 551-563
page(s): 551, 552, 553, 554, 555, 556, 557, 558, 560, 561 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
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