WoRMS taxon details

Pycnophyes communis Zelinka, 1908

101137  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:101137)

accepted
Species
marine
Zelinka, C. (1908). Zur Anatomie der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 33 (19/20): 629-647.
note: Zelinka (1908, pp. 325-328) inadvertently introduced this species as new to science, because several morphological characters were described in connection with the species name. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution Stations from Blanes and Denia, east coast of Spain, in Sánchez et al. (2012) are erroneous: longitude must be East...  
Distribution Stations from Blanes and Denia, east coast of Spain, in Sánchez et al. (2012) are erroneous: longitude must be East instead of West. [details]

Etymology [The etymology is taken from Zelinka (1928, p. 325):
The species name was derived from Latin communis, common, and...  
Etymology [The etymology is taken from Zelinka (1928, p. 325):
The species name was derived from Latin communis, common, and referred to the most frequently found species in the Gulf of Triest as noted by Zelinka.] [details]

Taxonomic remark Zelinka (1908) inadvertently described this new species by mentioning several morphological characters. He did not mention...  
Taxonomic remark Zelinka (1908) inadvertently described this new species by mentioning several morphological characters. He did not mention any locations, so a type locality does not exist. [details]
Neuhaus, B. (2021). World Kinorhyncha Database. Pycnophyes communis Zelinka, 1908. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=101137 on 2021-06-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-04 16:28:44Z
changed
2013-05-30 10:32:22Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Zelinka, C. (1908). Zur Anatomie der Echinoderen. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 33 (19/20): 629-647.
note: Zelinka (1908, pp. 325-328) inadvertently introduced this species as new to science, because several morphological characters were described in connection with the species name. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pycnophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) Zelinka, K. (1928). Monographie der Echinodera. <em>Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 1-396, plates I-XXVII.
note: Zelinka's text (1928, p. 323) and his list of species from different localities (pp. 178-189) do not fully agree about the depth of the stations at St. Andrews Bay, Scotland. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Hyalophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) Zelinka, K. (1928). Monographie der Echinodera. <em>Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 1-396, plates I-XXVII.
note: Zelinka (1928, pp. 337-338) described this juvenile stage as Hyalophyes calmani n. l. (zu Pycnophyes calmani n. sp.) [n. l. = nova larva]. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) Zelinka, K. (1928). Monographie der Echinodera. <em>Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 1-396, plates I-XXVII.
note: Zelinka described the juvenile stage as Hyalophyes communis n. l. (zu Pycnophyes communis n. sp.) [n. l. = nova larva]. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Neuhaus, B.; van der Land, J. (2001). Cephalorhyncha (=Loricifera, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Nematomorpha), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 159-160 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Neuhaus, B. (2013). 5. Kinorhyncha (= Echinodera). In: Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. (Ed.), Handbook of Zoology, Gastrotricha, Cycloneuralia and Gnathifera, Volume 1: Nematomorpha, Priapulida, Kinorhyncha, Loricifera. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin,. pp. 181-348. (look up in IMIS), available online at https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110272536.181 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dal Zotto, M.; Di Domenico, M.; Garraffoni, A.; Sørensen, M. V. (2013). Franciscideres gen. nov. – a new, highly aberrant kinorhynch genus from Brazil, with an analysis of its phylogenetic position. <em>Systematics and Biodiversity.</em> 11(3): 303-321., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2013.819045
note: Specimen(s) from Mediterranean Sea, Cesenatico, 44°13'14.00''N, 12°28'16.00''E [location data provided by Dal Zotto et al. (2013) were erroneus, for correct data see Dal Zotto & Todaro 2016], unknow...  
Specimen(s) from Mediterranean Sea, Cesenatico, 44°13'14.00''N, 12°28'16.00''E [location data provided by Dal Zotto et al. (2013) were erroneus, for correct data see Dal Zotto & Todaro 2016], unknown if hologenophore(s) deposited in a collection: GenBank accession number for 18S rRNA: KF372867.
 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

redescription Zelinka, K. (1928). Monographie der Echinodera. <em>Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 1-396, plates I-XXVII. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Sánchez, N.; Herranz, M.; Benito, J.; Pardos, F. (2012). Kinorhyncha from the Iberian Peninsula: new data from the first intensive sampling campaigns. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3402(1): 24-44., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3402.1
note: The article reports about the distribution, diversity and ecology of Kinorhycha around the Spanish peninsula. Stations from Blanes and Denia, east coast of Spain, in Sánchez et al. (2012) are erron...  
The article reports about the distribution, diversity and ecology of Kinorhycha around the Spanish peninsula. Stations from Blanes and Denia, east coast of Spain, in Sánchez et al. (2012) are erroneous: longitude must be East instead of West.
 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Dal Zotto, M.; Todaro, M. A. (2016). Kinorhyncha from Italy, a revision of the current checklist and an account of the recent investigations. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology.</em> 265: 90-107., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2016.01.004
note: Location data are partly erroneus and have to be corrected as follows (personal communication with M. Dal Zotto): (1) The station at Castellamare is located at 38°02'58''N, 012°52'58.20''E. (2) The ...  
Location data are partly erroneus and have to be corrected as follows (personal communication with M. Dal Zotto): (1) The station at Castellamare is located at 38°02'58''N, 012°52'58.20''E. (2) The station at Chioggia is located at 45°5'29.43''N, 12°35'5.82''E. (3) The station at Cesenatico is located at 44°13'14.00''N, 12°28'16.00''E.
 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

ecology source Dal Zotto, M.; Santulli, A.; Simonini, R.; Todaro, M. A. (2016). Organic enrichment effects on a marine meiofauna community, with focus on Kinorhyncha. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology.</em> 265: 127-140., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2016.03.013 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

biology source Nyholm, K.-G.; Nyholm, P.-G. (1982). Spermatozoa and spermatogenesis in Homalorhagha Kinorhyncha. <em>Journal of Ultrastructure Research.</em> 78(1): 1-12., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/s0022-5320(82)80009-9
note: The article describes TEM aspects of spermatozoa and spermatogenesis. Lapsus calam, p. 10: Echinoderes dujardini (Claparéde, 1863). [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

biology source Nyholm, K.-G.; Nyholm, P.-G. (1983). 11. Kinorhyncha. In: Adiyodi, K.G. & Adiyodi, R.G. (eds), Reproductive biology of invertebrates, Vol. II: Spermatogenesis and sperm function. John Wiley & Sons, New York. pp. 207-220.
note: TEM aspects of spermatozoa, spermatogenesis and receptacula seminales. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

biology source Zelinka, C. (1912). Die Spermatozoen der Echinoderen und ihre Genese. In: Ritter von Stummer-Traunfels, R. (ed.), Verhandlungen des VIII. Internationalen Zoologen-Kongresses zu Graz vom 15.-20. August 1910. Gustav Fischer, Jena. 520-527.
note: The article describes the spermatozoa of the species stained with different techniques. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

biology source Nyholm, K.-G. (1976). Ultrastructure of the spermatozoa in Homalorhagha Kinorhyncha. <em>ZOON.</em> 4 (1): 11-18.
note: TEM aspects of the spermatozoa [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Nontype (of Pycnophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Clew bay [details]
Nontype (of Pycnophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit North Sea [details]
Nontype (of Pycnophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Öresund [details]
Nontype SMNH uncatalogued, geounit Skagerrak [details]
Nontype SMNH uncatalogued, geounit Skagerrak [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit German part of the Baltic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Cadiz [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Naples (Italy) [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Naples (Italy) [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Naples (Italy) [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Naples (Italy) [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gullmarn [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Gullmarn [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Italian part of the Adriatic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Italian part of the Adriatic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Italian part of the Adriatic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Italian part of the Adriatic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Ligurian Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Sicily [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Spanish part of the Balearic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Spanish part of the Balearic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Spanish part of the Balearic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Spanish part of the Balearic Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Turkish part of the Black Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Turkish part of the Black Sea [details]
Nontype uncatalogued, geounit Tuscany [details]
Syntype (of Pycnophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Dublin Bay [details]
Syntype (of Pycnophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit East Coast of Scotland [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes calmani Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit East Coast of Scotland [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Naples (Italy) [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
Syntype (of Hyalophyes communis Zelinka, 1928) uncatalogued, geounit Gulf of Trieste [details]
From editor or global species database
Distribution Stations from Blanes and Denia, east coast of Spain, in Sánchez et al. (2012) are erroneous: longitude must be East instead of West. [details]

Etymology [The etymology is taken from Zelinka (1928, p. 325):
The species name was derived from Latin communis, common, and referred to the most frequently found species in the Gulf of Triest as noted by Zelinka.] [details]

Taxonomic remark Zelinka (1908) inadvertently described this new species by mentioning several morphological characters. He did not mention any locations, so a type locality does not exist. [details]