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Carballo, J.L.; Cruz-Barraza, J.A.; Gómez, P. (2004). Taxonomy and description of Clionaid sponges (Hadromerida, Clionaidae) from the Pacific Ocean of Mexico. Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society of London. 141 (3): 353-397.
9290
Carballo, J.L.; Cruz-Barraza, J.A.; Gómez, P.
2004
Taxonomy and description of Clionaid sponges (Hadromerida, Clionaidae) from the Pacific Ocean of Mexico.
Zoological Journal of the Linnaean Society of London
141 (3): 353-397
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
A large collection of clionaid sponges collected in 58 different localities from the Pacific coast of Mexico was studied, and 15 species belonging to four genera were identified. Six species are new to science: in the genus Cliona, C. papillae sp. nov. and C. vallartense sp. nov. ; in the genus Thoosa, T. calpulli sp. nov. and T. mismalolli sp. nov. ; and in the genus Spheciospongia, S. ruetzleri sp. nov. and S. incrustans sp. nov. The new combinations Cliona californiana (de Laubenfels, 1932) comb. nov. and Cliona raromicrosclera (Dickinson, 1945) comb. nov. are also proposed. Pseudosuberites pseudos is considered to be synonymous to Cliona californiana. In addition, the validity of Pione mazatlanensis (Hancock, 1867) is also considered. Other Cliona species identified are Cliona vermiferaHancock, 1867, Pione carpenteri (Hancock, 1867 as Cliona carpenteri), C. amplicavataRützler, 1974, Cliona flavifodinaRützler, 1974, and Cliona euryphyllaTopsent, 1887. Cliona amplicavata and C. flavifodina are recorded for the first time in the Pacific Ocean and C. euryphylla for the east Pacific Ocean. The systematics, taxonomy and distribution of all these species are included and detailed species descriptions are provided based on newly collected material and previous descriptions from the literature. Discussions on problematic taxonomic issues are also presented, and the most useful parameters to differentiate species are highlighted. In addition, the morphology of the spirasters has been studied through SEM analysis, and the main characteristics have been evaluated from a taxonomic point of view in order to discriminate between species.
East Pacific
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Chiapas-Nicaragua for Cliona californiana de Laubenfels, 1932 
Cortezian for Cliona amplicavata Rützler, 1974  (inaccurate)
Cortezian for Cliona papillae Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Cortezian for Cliona papillae Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Cortezian for Cliona raromicrosclera (Dickinson, 1945) 
Cortezian for Cliona raromicrosclera (Dickinson, 1945) 
Cortezian for Cliona vallartense Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Cortezian for Cliona vallartense Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Cortezian for Pione carpenteri (Hancock, 1867) 
Cortezian for Pione carpenteri (Hancock, 1867) 
Cortezian for Pione mazatlanensis (Hancock, 1867) 
Cortezian for Spheciospongia incrustans Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Cortezian for Spheciospongia ruetzleri Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Cortezian for Thoosa calpulli Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Cortezian for Thoosa mismalolli Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Mexican part of the North Pacific Ocean for Cliona papillae Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Mexican part of the North Pacific Ocean for Cliona vallartense Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Mexican Tropical Pacific for Cliona californiana de Laubenfels, 1932 
Mexican Tropical Pacific for Cliona euryphylle Topsent, 1888  (inaccurate)
Mexican Tropical Pacific for Cliona flavifodina Rützler, 1974  (inaccurate)
Mexican Tropical Pacific for Cliona vallartense Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Mexican Tropical Pacific for Cliona vermifera Hancock, 1867 
Mexican Tropical Pacific for Pione mazatlanensis (Hancock, 1867) 
Mexican Tropical Pacific for Thoosa mismalolli Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004 
Holotype MNCN 1.01/234, geounit Cortezian, identified as Cliona papillae Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004
Holotype MNCN 1.01/235, geounit Cortezian, identified as Cliona vallartense Carballo, Cruz-Barraza & Gómez, 2004