WoRMS source details
Manconi, R.; Serusi, A.; Pisera, A. (2006). A new Mediterranean 'lithistid' sponge, Aciculites mediterranea sp nov (Porifera : Demospongiae) from a dark marine cave in Sardinia. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 86 (4): 691-698.
Manconi, R.; Serusi, A.; Pisera, A.
A new Mediterranean 'lithistid' sponge, <i>Aciculites mediterranea</i> sp nov (Porifera : Demospongiae) from a dark marine cave in Sardinia
Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
86 (4): 691-698
Available for editors [request]
A first record of the genus Aciculites in the Mediterranean Sea and the description of Aciculites mediterranea sp. nov. are here presented from a faunistic survey in a dark shallow marine cave of the north-western Sardinian karstic area. The new species is characterized by a massive cerebellum-like growth form, and a peculiar distribution of inhalant and exhalant areas, respectively, in depressed and elevated portions of the sponge surface. Oscules show a long narrow atrial cavity. Ectosomal skeleton is made of tangential anisostrongyles on elevated areas, and more or less vertical tufts of anisostrongyles in depressed inhalant areas. Anisostrongyles are smooth or with tips ornated by irregular tubercles. Sigmaspire microscleres are lacking. Choanosomal skeleton with tubercled irregular rizhoclone desmas and few scattered and variably oriented anisostrongyles. A comparative analysis of Aciculites mediterranea sp. nov. versus morphological diagnostic traits, geographical range and habitat of the species hitherto ascribed to Aciculites con¢rms that the peculiar distribution of the genus supports its relic condition of an ancient Tethyan fauna in the Mediterranean Sea.
Mediterranean Sea in general
Aciculites mediterranea Manconi, Serusi & Pisera, 2006 (original description)
Western Mediterranean for Aciculites mediterranea Manconi, Serusi & Pisera, 2006
Holotype MSNG 52268, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Aciculites mediterranea Manconi, Serusi & Pisera, 2006