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Artois, T. J.; Tessens, B. S. (2008). Polycystididae (Rhabditophora: Rhabdocoela: Kalyptorhynchia) from the Indian Ocean, with the description of twelve new species. Zootaxa. 1849: 1-27.
164436
Artois, T. J.; Tessens, B. S.
2008
Polycystididae (Rhabditophora: Rhabdocoela: Kalyptorhynchia) from the Indian Ocean, with the description of twelve new species
Zootaxa
1849: 1-27
Publication
An overview of the Polycystididae from the Indian Ocean is presented, including the description of twelve new species. The taxonomical position of each of these species is discussed. Austrorhynchus kerguelensis n. sp., Paraustrorhynchus neleae n. sp., Paulodora ancora n. sp., P. contortoides n. sp., P. drepanophora n. sp., P. hamifer n. sp., P. porcellus n. sp., P. schockaerti n. sp., P. watsoni n. sp., Phonorhynchoides linguatus n. sp. and Polycystis elsae n. sp. can all be distinguished from their congeners on characteristics of the construction of the hard parts of the male system. The older records of Paulodora contorta (Schockaert & Karling, 1975) Artois & Schockaert, 1998 by Schockaert (1982) and Jouk & De Vocht (1989) are re-evaluated and the material is recognised as Paulodora drepanophora n. sp.. The subspecies P.felis asymmetrica Artois & Schockaert, 2001 is raised to the species level. Annalisella bermudensis Karling, 1978, Paraustrorhynchus elixus (Marcus, 1954) Karling & Schockaert, 1977 and Phonorhynchoides haegheni Artois & Schockaert, 2001 are recorded for the first time in the Indian Ocean. The new material of these species is discussed and compared with older descriptions. For Alcha evelinae Marcus, 1949, Cincturorhynchus karlingi Schockaert, 1982, Djeziraia pardii Schockaert, 1971 Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831, Paulodora subcontorta (Schockaert, 1982) Artois & Schockaert, 1998 and Polycystis ali Schockaert, 1982 new localities are given, and newly collected material is discussed. The discussion of P. ali leads to the split of the species into P. ali Schockaert, 1982 from the African East Coast and Galapagos and P. californica n. sp. from California. For some of the species, new records outside the Indian Ocean are also mentioned.
Indian Ocean
Meiobenthos
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Australia for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Australia for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Australia for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Indian Ocean for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Indian Ocean for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Indian Ocean for Paulodora subcontorta (Schockaert, 1982) 
Indian Ocean for Paulodora subcontorta (Schockaert, 1982) 
Indian Ocean for Phonorhynchoides linguatus Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Indian Ocean for Phonorhynchoides linguatus Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Indian Ocean for Polycystis elsae Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Indonesia for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Indonesia for Paulodora hamifer Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Indonesia for Phonorhynchoides haegheni Artois & Schockaert, 2001 
Kenya for Cincturorhynchus karlingi Schockaert, 1982 
Kenya for Cincturorhynchus karlingi Schockaert, 1982 
Kenya for Cincturorhynchus karlingi Schockaert, 1982 
Kenya for Cincturorhynchus karlingi Schockaert, 1982 
Kenya for Djeziraia pardii Schockaert, 1971 
Kenya for Djeziraia pardii Schockaert, 1971 
Kenya for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Kenya for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Kenya for Paraustrorhynchus elixus (Marcus, 1954) Karling & Schockaert, 1977 
Kenya for Paraustrorhynchus neleae Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Paraustrorhynchus neleae Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Paulodora drepanophora Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Paulodora drepanophora Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Paulodora schockaerti Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Paulodora watsoni Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Phonorhynchoides linguatus Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Kenya for Polycystis ali Schockaert, 1982 
Kenya for Polycystis ali f. somali Karling, 1986 
Kerguelen for Austrorhynchus kerguelensis Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Mexico for Alcha evelinae Marcus, 1949 
Netherlands Antilles for Annalisella bermudensis Karling, 1978 
Netherlands Antilles for Phonorhynchoides haegheni Artois & Schockaert, 2001 
New Caledonia for Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Northern Monsoon Current Coast for Alcha evelinae Marcus, 1949 
Pacific Ocean for Paraustrorhynchus elixus (Marcus, 1954) Karling & Schockaert, 1977 
Pacific Ocean for Paraustrorhynchus elixus (Marcus, 1954) Karling & Schockaert, 1977 
RĂ©union for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Seychelles for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Seychelles for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Seychelles for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Tanzania for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Tanzania for Paulodora ancora Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Tanzania for Paulodora ancora Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Tanzania for Paulodora hamifer Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Tanzania for Paulodora watsoni Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Zanzibar for Annalisella bermudensis Karling, 1978 
Zanzibar for Cincturorhynchus karlingi Schockaert, 1982 
Zanzibar for Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 
Zanzibar for Paraustrorhynchus neleae Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Zanzibar for Paulodora porcellus Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Zanzibar for Paulodora schockaerti Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Zanzibar for Paulodora schockaerti Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Zanzibar for Paulodora subcontorta (Schockaert, 1982) 
Zanzibar for Phonorhynchoides linguatus Artois & Tessens, 2008 
Holotype SMNH 7445a, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Paratype SMNH 7445b, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.3.43-III.4.11, verbatimGeounit From Arrawarra (Aust..., identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.12, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.13, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.14-16, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.17, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.18, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.19-20, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype III.4.21-III.4.27, identified as Paulodora drepanophora Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.28-III.4.29, identified as Paulodora drepanophora Artois & Tessens, 2008
Nontype UH III.4.30-32, identified as Paulodora drepanophora Artois & Tessens, 2008
Holotype SMNH no. 7446, identified as Paulodora drepanophora Artois & Tessens, 2008
Paratype UH nos. 356-360, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008
Paratype UH nos. 361-362, identified as Paulodora contortoides Artois & Tessens, 2008