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WoRMS taxon details

Botrylloides niger Herdman, 1886

252289  (

Botrylloides chazaliei Sluiter, 1898 · unaccepted (original combination)
Botrylloides nigrum Herdman, 1886 · unaccepted (misspelling)
Botryllus niger (Herdman, 1886) · unaccepted (misspelling)
Botryllus nigrum (Herdman, 1886) · unaccepted (new combination)
Metrocarpa nigrum (Herdman, 1886) · unaccepted (new combination)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Shenkar, N.; Gittenberger, A.; Lambert, G.; Rius, M.; Moreira da Rocha, R.; Swalla, B.J.; Turon, X. (2024). Ascidiacea World Database. Botrylloides niger Herdman, 1886. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-06-18
2007-12-05 14:57:18Z
2018-10-31 20:15:47Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description  (of Botrylloides nigrum Herdman, 1886) Herdman, W. A. (1886). Report on the tunicata collected during the voyage of H.M.S. "Challenger" during the years 1873-1876. Part. II. Ascidiae compositae. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 14 (part 38): 1-432, pl. 1-49., available online at [details]   

original description  (of Botrylloides chazaliei Sluiter, 1898) Sluiter, C. P. (1898). Tuniciers recueilli en 1896, par la Chazalie, dans la mer des Antilles. <em>Mem. Soc. Zool. France.</em> 11: 5-34. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Sanamyan, K. (2007). Database of extant Ascidiacea. Version of 2 November 2007. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Monniot, F.; Monniot, C. (2001). Ascidians from the tropical western Pacific. <em>Zoosystema.</em> 23 (2): 201-383.
page(s): 313; note: Botryllus niger [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Palomino-Alvarez, L. A.; Nydam, M. L.; Rocha, R. M.; Simões, N. (2022). New Botrylloides, Botryllus, and Symplegma (Ascidiacea: Styelidae) in Coral Reefs of the Southern Gulf of Mexico and Mexican Caribbean Sea. <em>Diversity.</em> 14(11): 977., available online at
page(s): 26 [details]   

source of synonymy Monniot, C.; Monniot, F. (1987). Les ascidies de Polynesie francaise. <em>Mem. mus. nat. hist natur, A.</em> 136: 1-155.
page(s): 103, Fig. 39A-C.; note: Botryllus niger [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Unknown type (of Botrylloides nigrum Herdman, 1886) MNHN S1 Bot.A 39, geounit Martinique [details]
Unknown type (of Botryllus niger (Herdman, 1886)) MNHN S1 BOT.B 189, geounit Apra Harbor [details]
From editor or global species database
Synonymy Monniot & Monniot, 1987: Botryllus niger [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal Morocco Alboran Sea [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal Galapagos part of the South Pacific Ocean (Marine Region) Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms

English black synascidia  [details]
French synascidie noire  [details]