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Sheppard CRC. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin. 307: 1-32.
5880
Sheppard CRC
1987
Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns
Atoll Research Bulletin
307: 1-32
Publication
A list is provided of hermatypic coral species from 24 locations in the Indian Ocean and its peripheral seas and gulfs. Six sites are newly reported or expanded accounts, and eighteen are derived from recent literature. This is intended : (1) to provide in one place, a uniform compilation of coral species from different areas and from many diverse accounts; (2) to apply synonyms to all sites in a consistent way for the first time, so that ; (3) regional analysis at species level is possible. Synonyms are taken mainly from two recent taxonomic series, but because species stability is poor in some genera and authors may differ in their views on synonymy, all names are shown. The sources of data were selected to reduce problems inherent in using diverse material, and many sources themselves include compilations and synonyms of much older works. From 796 entities initially obtained, the removal of synonyms and entries named "spp" leaves 439 species. Further reduction is probably needed. Species rich sites extend across the Indian Ocean, with no westerly decline from South east Asia; the Red Sea as a whole contains the most species. Cluster analysis shows geographical groupings in the Arabian Gulf/Arabian Sea area, in the Red Sea and in the southwest and central Indian Ocean island areas. Of these, the Arabian Group is the most separate. A second analysis corrected for diversity differences also shows three clear groups: a northern one from the Red Sea to Sri Lanka which includes the Arabian group; a large southern or equatorial region; and a group consisting of the Mergui, Nicobar and Andaman islands in the Bay of Bengal.
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Acropora abrotanoides (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Acropora appressa (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Acropora cerealis (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora clathrata (Brook, 1891) (additional source)
Acropora cytherea (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora digitifera (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora echinata (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Acropora elseyi (Brook, 1892) (additional source)
Acropora eurystoma (Klunzinger, 1879) (basis of record)
Acropora florida (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora formosa (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora muricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Acropora grandis (Brook, 1892) (basis of record)
Acropora granulosa (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora humilis (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora hyacinthus (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora intermedia (Brook, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Acropora irregularis (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora abrotanoides (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Acropora latistella (Brook, 1892) (additional source)
Acropora macrostoma (Brook, 1891) accepted as Acropora tenuis (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora muricata (Linnaeus, 1758) (basis of record)
Acropora nobilis (Dana, 1846) accepted as Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora orbicularis (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora clathrata (Brook, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Acropora palmerae Wells, 1954 (source of synonymy)
Acropora pharaonis (Milne Edwards, 1860) (basis of record)
Acropora pinguis Wells, 1950 accepted as Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora rambleri (Bassett-Smith, 1890) accepted as Acropora speciosa (Quelch, 1886) (basis of record)
Acropora robusta (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora scherzeriana (Brüggemann, 1877) accepted as Acropora gemmifera (Brook, 1892) (basis of record)
Acropora secale (Studer, 1878) (additional source)
Acropora selago (Studer, 1879) (additional source)
Acropora seriata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Acropora spicifera (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora tizardi (Brook, 1892) accepted as Acropora cerealis (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora valida (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Acropora variabilis (Klunzinger, 1879) accepted as Acropora valida (Dana, 1846) (source of synonymy)
Acropora yongei Veron & Wallace, 1984 (basis of record)
Alveopora daedalea (Forskål, 1775) (basis of record)
Alveopora fenestrata (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Alveopora viridis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (basis of record)
Astreopora incrustans Bernard, 1896 (source of synonymy)
Astreopora listeri Bernard, 1896 (additional source)
Astreopora myriophthalma (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Astreopora ocellata Bernard, 1896 (basis of record)
Blastomussa loyae Head, 1978 (basis of record)
Caulastrea tumida Matthai, 1928 accepted as Caulastraea tumida Matthai, 1928 (source of synonymy)
Coscinaraea monile (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Cycloseris tenuis (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Euphyllia ancora Veron & Pichon, 1980 accepted as Fimbriaphyllia ancora (Veron & Pichon, 1980) (basis of record)
Favia fragum (Esper, 1795) (basis of record)
Favia laxa (Klunzinger, 1879) accepted as Dipsastraea laxa (Klunzinger, 1879) (additional source)
Favia stelligera (Dana, 1846) accepted as Goniastrea stelligera (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (additional source)
Gardineroseris planulata (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Goniopora minor Crossland, 1952 accepted as Goniopora pedunculata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 (basis of record)
Goniopora planulata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Goniopora savignyi Dana, 1846 (basis of record)
Goniopora tenuidens (Quelch, 1886) (basis of record)
Heteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781) (additional source)
Hydnophora exesa (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Leptastrea bottae (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) (basis of record)
Leptoseris fragilis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (basis of record)
Leptoseris gardineri (van der Horst, 1922) (basis of record)
Leptoseris hawaiiensis Vaughan, 1907 (additional source)
Leptoseris incrustans (Quelch, 1886) (basis of record)
Leptoseris papyracea (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Leptoseris scabra Vaughan, 1907 (additional source)
Leptoseris solida (Quelch, 1886) (basis of record)
Leptoseris tubulifera Vaughan, 1907 (source of synonymy)
Montastraea aperta (Verrill, 1868) accepted as Mussismilia leptophylla (Verrill, 1868) (basis of record)
Montipora aequituberculata Bernard, 1897 (additional source)
Montipora circumvallata (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Montipora danae Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (additional source)
Montipora digitata (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Montipora effusa (Dana, 1846) (basis of record)
Montipora explanata Brüggemann, 1879 (basis of record)
Montipora flabellata Studer, 1901 (basis of record)
Montipora friabilis Bernard, 1897 (basis of record)
Montipora hispida (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Montipora lobulata Bernard, 1897 (source of synonymy)
Montipora maeandrina (Ehrenberg, 1834) (source of synonymy)
Montipora millepora Crossland, 1952 (basis of record)
Montipora monasteriata (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Montipora patula Verrill, 1869 (basis of record)
Montipora spongiosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Montipora spongodes Bernard, 1897 (basis of record)
Montipora spumosa (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Montipora stellata Bernard, 1897 (basis of record)
Montipora tuberculosa (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Montipora venosa (Ehrenberg, 1834) (basis of record)
Montipora verrilli Vaughan, 1907 (source of synonymy)
Mycedium elephantotus (Pallas, 1766) (additional source)
Pachyseris speciosa (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Pavona cactus (Forskål, 1775) (additional source)
Pavona decussata (Dana, 1846) (additional source)
Pavona duerdeni Vaughan, 1907 (basis of record)
Pavona frondifera (Lamarck, 1816) (basis of record)
Pavona maldivensis (Gardiner, 1905) (additional source)
Platygyra daedalea (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (additional source)
Pocillopora brevicornis Lamarck, 1816 (source of synonymy)
Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)