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Porifera taxon details

Dactylia carteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424212  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424212)

accepted
Species
Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886 (genus transfer, status change and preoccupied)
Dactylochalina reticulata Lendenfeld, 1886 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 49 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886) Carter, H.J. (1886). Supplement to the Descriptions of Mr.J. Bracebridge Wilson's Australian Sponges. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 18: 271-290, 369-379, 445-466, pl. X.
page(s): 375-376 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  (of Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886)...  
Holotype (of Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886) BMNH 1886.12.15.178, geounit Bassian [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 48-49) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Dactylia repens...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 48-49) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Dactylia repens (Selenka, 1867) and Dactylia repens (Carter, 1886).
1. Ditela repens Selenka, 1867: 567 (type locality Melbourne, Australia). Von Lendenfeld (1888: 114) reassigned this to genus Chalinopsilla Von Lendenfeld, 1888: 104. That genus is considered a junior synonym of Dactylia Carter, 1885: 309 by Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 105). These latter authors nevertheless considered Selenka’s species as Callyspongiidae incertae sedis (Hooper & Wiedenmayer 1994: 108), presumably because no type material has survived. We maintain here that Selenka’s figure and description match Dactylia, the specimen even looks like the type species Dactylia chaliniformis Carter, 1885: 309. The species is a senior secondary homonym of D. repens (Carter, 1886) (ICZN Art. 57.3).
2. Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886: 375 (type locality Port Western, SE Australia). This was reassigned to Dactylia by Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 106) and is accepted by the World Porifera Database. Like D. repens (Selenka) the species is similar to the type species D. chaliniformis, and it is even possible that the two Dactylia species discussed here might be conspecific. Unfortunately, the absence of a type of Selenka’s species means that conspecificity cannot be proved. It is a junior secondary homonym of D. repens (Selenka, 1867) and required a new name (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Dactylia repens (Selenka, 1867) as senior secondary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.3). Dactylia repens (Carter, 1886) is a junior secondary homonymy without obvious synonym and needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy Dactylia carteri nom.nov. was proposed, named after John Henry Carter. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Dactylia carteri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424212 on 2021-01-19
Date
action
by
2020-03-06 10:15:15Z
created

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 49 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Dactylochalina reticulata Lendenfeld, 1886) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1886 [1885]). Studies on sponges. I.The vestibule of <i>Dendrilla cavernosa</i>. II. <i>Raphyrus hixonii</i>. III. <i>Halme tingens</i>. IV. Two Cases of Mimicry in Sponges. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 10 (4): 557-574, pls 39-44. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Dactylochalina reticulata Lendenfeld, 1886) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1886). Studies on sponges. Part 4. Two cases of mimicry in sponges. <em>Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales.</em> 10: 569-574. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886) Carter, H.J. (1886). Supplement to the Descriptions of Mr.J. Bracebridge Wilson's Australian Sponges. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 18: 271-290, 369-379, 445-466, pl. X.
page(s): 375-376 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (of Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 49 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype (of Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886) BMNH 1886.12.15.178, geounit Bassian [details]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 48-49) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Dactylia repens (Selenka, 1867) and Dactylia repens (Carter, 1886).
1. Ditela repens Selenka, 1867: 567 (type locality Melbourne, Australia). Von Lendenfeld (1888: 114) reassigned this to genus Chalinopsilla Von Lendenfeld, 1888: 104. That genus is considered a junior synonym of Dactylia Carter, 1885: 309 by Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 105). These latter authors nevertheless considered Selenka’s species as Callyspongiidae incertae sedis (Hooper & Wiedenmayer 1994: 108), presumably because no type material has survived. We maintain here that Selenka’s figure and description match Dactylia, the specimen even looks like the type species Dactylia chaliniformis Carter, 1885: 309. The species is a senior secondary homonym of D. repens (Carter, 1886) (ICZN Art. 57.3).
2. Chalina oculata var. repens Carter, 1886: 375 (type locality Port Western, SE Australia). This was reassigned to Dactylia by Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 106) and is accepted by the World Porifera Database. Like D. repens (Selenka) the species is similar to the type species D. chaliniformis, and it is even possible that the two Dactylia species discussed here might be conspecific. Unfortunately, the absence of a type of Selenka’s species means that conspecificity cannot be proved. It is a junior secondary homonym of D. repens (Selenka, 1867) and required a new name (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Dactylia repens (Selenka, 1867) as senior secondary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.3). Dactylia repens (Carter, 1886) is a junior secondary homonymy without obvious synonym and needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy Dactylia carteri nom.nov. was proposed, named after John Henry Carter. [details]


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