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Porifera taxon details

Penares Gray, 1867

131992  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131992)

accepted
Genus
Stelletta helleri Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864) (type by original designation)
Papyrula Schmidt, 1868 (junior synonym)
Species Penares alatus (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Penares anisoxia Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Penares apicospinatus Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
Species Penares astronavis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares aureus Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares candidatus (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Penares chelotropa Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Penares cortius de Laubenfels, 1930
Species Penares deformis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares dendyi (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Penares euastrum (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Penares foliaformis Wilson, 1904
Species Penares hartmeyeri (Uliczka, 1929)
Species Penares helleri (Schmidt, 1864)
Species Penares hilgendorfi (Thiele, 1898)
Species Penares hongdoensis Jeon & Sim, 2009
Species Penares incrustans Tanita, 1963
Species Penares intermedius (Dendy, 1905)
Species Penares kermadecensis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares mastoideus (Schmidt, 1880)
Species Penares metastrosus (Lebwohl, 1914)
Species Penares micraster Lévi, 1993
Species Penares mollis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares nux (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Penares ochraceus (Carter, 1886)
Species Penares okokewae Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares orbis Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares orthotriaena Burton, 1931
Species Penares palmatoclada Lévi, 1993
Species Penares saccharis (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Penares scabiosus Desqueyroux-Faúndez & van Soest, 1997
Species Penares schulzei (Dendy, 1905)
Species Penares sclerobesus Topsent, 1904
Species Penares sineastra Van Soest, 2017
Species Penares sollasi Thiele, 1900
Species Penares sphaera (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Penares turmericolor Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019
Species Penares tylotaster Dendy, 1924
Species Penares vermiculatus Sim-Smith & Kelly, 2019

Species Penares alata (Lendenfeld, 1907) accepted as Penares alatus (Lendenfeld, 1907) (species name corrected to the masculine form)
Species Penares candidata (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Penares candidatus (Schmidt, 1868) (species name corrected to the masculine form)
Species Penares intermedia (Dendy, 1905) accepted as Penares intermedius (Dendy, 1905) (species name corrected to the masculine form)
Species Penares mastoidea (Schmidt, 1880) accepted as Penares mastoideus (Schmidt, 1880) (species name corrected to the masculine form)
Species Penares metastrosa (Lebwohl, 1914) accepted as Penares metastrosus (Lebwohl, 1914) (species name corrected to the masculine form)
Species Penares obtusus Lendenfeld, 1907 accepted as Stelletta obtusus (Lendenfeld, 1907)
Species Penares ochracea (Carter, 1886) accepted as Penares ochraceus (Carter, 1886) (species name corrected to the masculine form)
Species Penares sclerobesa Topsent, 1904 accepted as Penares sclerobesus Topsent, 1904 (species name corrected to the masculine form)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For...  
Taxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For that reason Penares, formerly assigned to Ancorinidae, is now (tentatively) reassigned to Geodiidae. This decision means that the the major synapomorphy of the family, sterrasters/aspidasters, is assumed to have become lost. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Penares Gray, 1867. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=131992 on 2019-09-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-11-18 11:48:22Z
changed
2008-08-10 12:15:54Z
changed
2012-04-18 09:56:13Z
changed
2012-04-19 09:30:54Z
changed

original description Gray, J.E. (1867). Notes on the Arrangement of Sponges, with the Descriptions of some New Genera. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1867(2): 492-558, pls XXVII-XXVIII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Jasplakina de Laubenfels, 1954) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1954). The Sponges of the West-Central Pacific. <em>Oregon State Monographs. Studies in Zoology.</em> 7: i-x, 1-306,pls I-XII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Pachamphilla Lendenfeld, 1907) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1907). Die Tetraxonia. Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf der Dampfer Valdivia 1898-1899. 11(1-2): i-iv, 59-374, pls IX-XLVI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Papyrula Schmidt, 1868) Schmidt, O. (1868). Die Spongien der Küste von Algier. Mit Nachträgen zu den Spongien des Adriatischen Meeres (Drittes Supplement). (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-iv, 1-44, pls I-V.  [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, <B><I>in</I></B>: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). <i>Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges.</i> pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Full text PDF 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Rapp, H.T.; Schander, C.; Tendal, O.S. (2010). Molecular taxonomy and phylogeny of the Geodiidae (Porifera,Demospongiae, Astrophorida) - combining phylogenetic and Linnaean classification. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 39 (1): 89-106., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2009.00402.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cárdenas, P.; Xavier, J.R.; Reveillaud, J.; Schander, C.; Rapp, H.T. (2011). Molecular Phylogeny of the Astrophorida (Porifera, Demospongiaep) Reveals an Unexpected High Level of Spicule Homoplasy. <em>PLoS ONE.</em> 6 (4), e18318., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0018318 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Topsent, E. (1894). Étude monographique des Spongiaires de France. I.Tetractinellida. <em>Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale.</em> (3) 2:259-400, pls XI-XVI.
page(s): 356 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Chombard, C.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Tillier, S. 1998. Reassessment of Homology of Morphological Characters in Tetractinellid Sponges Based on Molecular Data. Systematic Biology 47(3): 351-366. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (of Papyrula Schmidt, 1868) Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, <B><I>in</I></B>: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). <i>Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges.</i> pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Pachamphilla Lendenfeld, 1907) Uriz, M.J. (2002). Family Ancorinidae Schmidt, 1870, <B><I>in</I></B>: Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Ed.) (2002). <i>Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges.</i> pp. 108-126 (look up in IMIS[details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Jasplakina de Laubenfels, 1954) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J.; de Voogd, N.J. (2010). Skeletons in confusion: a review of astrophorid sponges with (dicho-)calthrops as structural megascleres (Porifera, Demospongiae, Astrophorida). <em>Zookeys.</em> 68: 1-88. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Taxonomy Penares helleri (type species of Penares) has been shown to be a Geodiidae, according to Cárdenas et al 2010 and 2011. For that reason Penares, formerly assigned to Ancorinidae, is now (tentatively) reassigned to Geodiidae. This decision means that the the major synapomorphy of the family, sterrasters/aspidasters, is assumed to have become lost. [details]
 



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