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Goodwin, C.; Brewin, P.E.; Brickle, P. (2012). Sponge biodiversity of South Georgia island with descriptions of fifteen new species. Zootaxa. 3542: 1-48.
164849
urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:8D917062-2FC8-4EE9-83A0-FDDCB6A08F45 [view]
Goodwin, C.; Brewin, P.E.; Brickle, P.
2012
Sponge biodiversity of South Georgia island with descriptions of fifteen new species
Zootaxa
3542: 1-48
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Sponge samples were taken by SCUBA diving from sixteen sites on the north coast of South Georgia island, south west Southern Ocean. Fifteen new species are described: Iophon husvikensis sp. nov., Clathria (Clathria) stromnessa sp. nov., Clathria (Axosuberites) rosita sp. nov., Clathria (Microciona) matthewsi sp. nov., Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) collinsi sp. nov., Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) barnesi sp. nov., Hymedesmia (Stylopus) pharos sp. nov., Myxilla (Burtoanchora) ponceti sp. nov., Tedania (Tedaniopsis) aurantiaca sp. nov., Tedania (Tedaniopsis) wellsae sp. nov., Mycale (Mycale) brownorum sp. nov., Mycale (Mycale) cartwrighti sp. nov., Haliclona (Soestella) crowtheri sp. nov., Microxina myxa sp. nov. and Calyx shackletoni sp. nov. Information is also provided on the distribution and in situ external appearance of other sponge species such as Cinachyra barbata Sollas 1886, Polymastia invaginata Kirkpatrick 1907, Iophon unicorne Topsent 1907, Phorbas glaberrimus (Topsent 1917), Myxilla (Ectyomyxilla) kerguelensis (Hentschel 1914) and Rossella nuda Topsent 1901. These results increase the previously reported low sponge endemicity in South Georgia, which now better aligns with the high endemicity of other groups. However, because we sampled areas that have been poorly sampled in the Southern Ocean / Antarctic region (shallow subtidal, rocky), many of these species may have wider polar distributions. The effect of the Polar Front as a dispersal barrier to neighbouring biogeographic regions is discussed.
South Atlantic
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Calyx shackletoni Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Cinachyra barbata Sollas, 1886 (additional source)
Clathria (Axosuberites) rosita Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) stromnessa Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) matthewsi Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Haliclona (Soestella) crowtheri Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) barnesi Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Hymedesmia (Stylopus) pharos Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Iophon husvikense Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Iophon unicorne Topsent, 1907 (additional source)
Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) collinsi Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Microxina myxa Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Mycale (Mycale) brownorum Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Mycale (Mycale) cartwrighti Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Myxilla (Burtonanchora) ponceti Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Myxilla (Ectyomyxilla) kerguelensis (Hentschel, 1914) (additional source)
Phorbas glaberrimus (Topsent, 1917) (additional source)
Polymastia invaginata Kirkpatrick, 1907 (additional source)
Rossella nuda Topsent, 1901 (additional source)
Tedania (Tedaniopsis) aurantiaca Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Tedania (Tedaniopsis) wellsae Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012 (original description)
Holotype BELUM Mc7572., locality South Georgia, identified as Myxilla (Burtonanchora) ponceti Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7578, locality South Georgia, identified as Tedania (Tedaniopsis) wellsae Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7579, locality South Georgia, identified as Haliclona (Soestella) crowtheri Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7585, locality South Georgia, identified as Calyx shackletoni Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7588, locality South Georgia, identified as Mycale (Mycale) brownorum Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7590, locality South Georgia, identified as Mycale (Mycale) cartwrighti Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7606, locality South Georgia, identified as Clathria (Microciona) matthewsi Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7611, locality South Georgia, identified as Clathria (Axosuberites) rosita Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7626, locality South Georgia, identified as Hymedesmia (Stylopus) pharos Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7627, locality South Georgia, identified as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) barnesi Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7661, locality South Georgia, identified as Tedania (Tedaniopsis) aurantiaca Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7673, locality South Georgia, identified as Iophon husvikense Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7676, locality South Georgia, identified as Lissodendoryx (Ectyodoryx) collinsi Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7690, locality South Georgia, identified as Clathria (Clathria) stromnessa Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Holotype BELUM Mc7691, locality South Georgia, identified as Microxina myxa Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012


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