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Polychaeta source details

NameClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114.
AuthorsClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M
Year2003
TitleAntarctic marine benthic diversity
JournalOceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review
Suffix41: 47-114
Type Publication
NoteAn unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
IMIS-ID63604
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available [request]
AbstractSpecies lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Geographical
term
Antarctic
Taxonomic
terms
Amphipoda
Polychaeta
Taxa
(513)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola affinis represented as Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola affinis affinis (Ashworth, 1902) (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola affinis affinis (Ashworth, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola assimilis (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbarenicola assimilis assimilis (Ehlers, 1897) (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssinoe abyssorum (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoninoe abyssorum (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoclymene Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbyssoclymene annularis Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAedicira belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Allia) belgicae (Fauvel, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus digitatus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus foliosus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus groenlandiae Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus macroura (Schmarda, 1861) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus ornatus Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus trissophyllus (Grube, 1877) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus paramalmgreni Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1992 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus posterobranchus Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus trissophyllus (Grube, 1877) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAglaophamus virginis (Kinberg, 1865) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmage sculpta Ehlers, 1908 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmblyosyllis granosa Ehlers, 1897 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane breviata Ehlers, 1913 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane gymnopyge Ehlers, 1908 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane nematoides Ehlers, 1913 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane scaphigera Ehlers, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane setigera Hartman, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmmotrypane syringopyge Ehlers, 1901 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharana Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharana antarctica Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharete kerguelensis McIntosh, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharetides Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellides Sars, 1835 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharetides vanhoffeni [auctt. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmpharetides vanhoeffeni Ehlers, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellides vanhoeffeni (Ehlers, 1913) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmythas Benham, 1921 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmythas membranifera Benham, 1921 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnaitides bowersi (Benham, 1927) accepted as Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorParanaitis bowersi (Benham, 1927) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnaitides madeirensis (Langerhans, 1880) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodoce madeirensis Langerhans, 1880 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnaitides patagonica (Kinberg, 1866) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodoce patagonica (Kinberg, 1866) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchinothria Paxton, 1986 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchinothria pycnobranchiata (McIntosh, 1885) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnobothrella Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnobothrus Levinsen, 1884 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnobothrella antarctica (Monro, 1939) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnobothrus antarctica Monro, 1939 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApistobranchus glacierae Hartman, 1978 (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorApistobranchus gundrunae (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1988) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorApomatus brownii Pixell, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtis brownii (Pixell, 1913) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia marginata Ehlers, 1897 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) marginatus (Ehlers, 1897) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricia marginata var. macleani Benham, 1921 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScoloplos (Leodamas) marginatus mcleani (Benham, 1921) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Allia) Strelzov, 1973 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Strelzovia) Aguirrezabalaga, 2012 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Allia) antarctica Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea simplex Day, 1963 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Acmira) simplex Day, 1963 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArtacama crassa Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsclerocheilus nigrocirrus Hartman, 1978 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOligobregma collare (Levenstein, 1975) (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAsychis amphiglypta (Ehlers, 1897) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAugeneria monotentaculata Averincev, 1972 accepted as Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorParaninoe antarctica (Monro, 1930) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla abyssicola (Uschakov, 1962) (basis of record)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla antarctica fulgens (Pruvot in Fauvel, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla hastulifera (Pruvot in Fauvel, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla pelagica (Monro, 1930) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrolaenilla setobarba (Monro, 1930) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrophyllum Bergström, 1914 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrophyllum charcoti (Gravier, 1911) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrophyllum lanceolata Hartmann-Schröder, 1986 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) Imajima, 1966 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProceraea Ehlers, 1864 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus (Regulatus) charcoti Gravier, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia charcoti (Gravier, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus charcoti Gravier, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpigamia charcoti (Gravier, 1906) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus gibber Ehlers, 1897 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus maclearanus McIntosh, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus longstaffi Ehlers, 1912 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus maclearanus McIntosh, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAutolytus simplex Ehlers, 1900 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxionice spinifera (Ehlers, 1908) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPista spinifera (Ehlers, 1908) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPista mirabilis McIntosh, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAxiothella antarctica Monro, 1930 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarrukia Bergström, 1916 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarrukia cristata (Willey, 1902) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBarrukia curviseta (Monro, 1930) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrada bransfieldia Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrada brevis Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrada mammillata Grube, 1877 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBradabyssa Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBradabyssa papillata Hartman, 1967 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrania nutrix (Monro, 1936) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrania rhopalophora (Ehlers, 1897) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBraniella Hartman, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnguillosyllis Day, 1963 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBraniella palpata Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnguillosyllis palpata (Hartman, 1967) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella capitata antarctica Monro, 1930 (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorCapitella perarmata (Gravier, 1911) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaulleriella antarctica Hartman, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeratonereis (Composetia) Hartmann-Schröder, 1985 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorComposetia Hartmann-Schröder, 1985 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeratonereis (Composetia) antarctica Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1988 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetozone andersenensis (Augener, 1932) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChaetozone pinguis Hartman, 1978 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChitinopomoides Benham, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChitinopomoides wilsoni Benham, 1927 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus antarcticus Monro, 1930 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTimarete antarcticus (Monro, 1930) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirratulus patagonicus (Kinberg, 1866) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCirrophorus brunneus Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1988 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParadoneis brunnea (Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1988) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavodorum antarcticum Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1990 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClavodorum fusum (Hartman, 1967) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymenella minor Arwidsson, 1911 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliotrocha Westheide & von Nordheim, 1985 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoralliotrocha composita Hartmann-Schröder & Rosenfeldt, 1992 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystopomatus Gravier, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyalopomatus Marenzeller, 1878 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystopomatus macintoshi Gravier, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHyalopomatus macintoshi (Gravier, 1911) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDioplosyllis infuscata (Ehlers, 1901) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachysyllis infuscata (Ehlers, 1901) (basis of record)

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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2014-02-09 21:01:17Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-02-10 00:57:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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