Integrated Marine Information System (IMIS)

Persons | Institutes | Publications | Projects | Datasets
[ report an error in this record ] Printer-friendly version

Sierwald, P. MilliBase. Accessed at on yyyy-mm-dd

Dedicated website
Availability: Creative Commons License This dataset is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

A global species catalog of the myriapod class Diplopoda. more

At the very end of the section INSECTA APTERA in the 10th edition of Systema Naturae, Linneaus (1758: 619) introduced the genus Julus: ‘Pedes numerosi, duplo utrinque plures, quam corporis segmenta.’ Seven species were listed, two each from Asia, India, and Europe and one from America.
Since then, the number of described millipede species has surpassed 12,000, making the Diplopoda the most species-rich class in the arthropod subphylum Myriapoda. The Myriapoda also contain the classes Chilopoda, Symphyla and Pauropoda. For the Chilopoda, or centipedes, a global species catalog is available, listing about 3,300 species and over 700 subspecies. Symphylans and pauropods, also called the dwarf myriapods, contain significantly fewer species, 200 and 600 species, respectively.
MilliBase is a global taxonomic database, managed by a group of diplopod experts that aims to capture all described millipede species with the associated literature, the authorities and original descriptions of species, genera and all units of higher classification. Generic synonyms have largely been added to the database, species-level synonymies are under development. MilliBase also strives to add secondary citations from the taxonomic and systematic literature for all taxa, as well as important ecological and physiological works focusing on specific diplopod models. Whenever possible, we will attempt to link literature citations to freely available online sources, such as those on Biodiversity Heritage Library. It is the goal of the taxonomic editors to continuously update and improve the database to promote all forms of current and future millipede research and to support an active and vibrant global millipede research community.
The initial list of millipede species names (with genus, author, year, and country) was taken from H. W. Brölemann’s (1860-1933) illustrated card catalog, the ‘Iconographie’, which is maintained in the Myriapod collection at the Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle in Paris. Curatorial staff at the MNHN continued the work on the Iconograpie, and kindly gave Dr. S.I. Golovatch permission to transfer a copy of the index card catalog to the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago. Long-time and dedicated volunteer Ms E. Simmons at the Field Museum initially typed the names into Excel spreadsheets, other volunteers entered genus-level data and the initial set of literature citation from Dr. Jeekel’s Nomenclator generum et familiarum diplopodorum (1971). The spreadsheet data were then transferred into an Access database, largely developed by Amber Billey, who also checked and entered the vast majority of the literature information containing the original descriptions for all millipede species in the database. During the past few years various collaborations resulted in species lists and catalogs, e.g., with P. Stoev, P. Marek and A.D. Nguyen. Ms Simmons continued to add species data to the Access database. In 2016, the Access database was transferred to the Aphia platform by the WoRMS data management team in Flanders, Belgium. WoRMS already had a nucleus of myriapod species in its database: the myriapods occurring in the littoral zone, initiated and managed by Anthony D. Barber.
MilliBase’s foundation is a body of catalog works and online resources, assembled by some of the foremost scholars of Diplopodology. Without such catalogs, updates and online resources, MilliBase could not have been realized. The data contained in the works cited below should all already reside in MilliBase or will be added in the very near future.

Biology > Invertebrates
Marine, Classification, Diversity, Marine invertebrates, Species, Taxonomy, World Waters, Diplopoda

Geographical coverage
World Waters [Marine Regions]

Temporal coverage
From 1758 on [In Progress]

Taxonomic coverage
Diplopoda [WoRMS]


Flanders Marine Institute (VLIZ), moredatabase developer

Related datasets
Published in:
WoRMS: World Register of Marine Species, more

Dataset status: In Progress
Data type: Data
Data origin: Data collection
Metadatarecord created: 2017-08-22
Information last updated: 2017-08-22
All data in IMIS is subject to the VLIZ privacy policy