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HABs taxon details

Gambierdiscus carolinianus Litaker, Vandersea, M.A.Faust, Kibler, W.C.Holland & P.A.Tester, 2009

marine
Litaker, R.W., Vandersea, M.W., Faust, M.A., Kibler, S.R., Chinain, M., Holmes, M.J., Holland, W.C. & Tester, P.A. 2009. Taxonomy of <i>Gambierdiscus</i> including four new species, <i>Gambierdiscus caribaeus</i>, <i>Gambierdiscus carolianus</i>, <i>Gambierdiscus carpenteri</i> and <i>Gambierdiscus ruetzleri</i> (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia, 48: 344-90 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Harmful effect G. carolinianus has tested positive for MTX using a human erythrocyte bioassay (Holland et al. 2013)  
Harmful effect G. carolinianus has tested positive for MTX using a human erythrocyte bioassay (Holland et al. 2013) [details]
Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2020). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Gambierdiscus carolinianus Litaker, Vandersea, M.A.Faust, Kibler, W.C.Holland & P.A.Tester, 2009. Accessed through: Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards) IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae at: https://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=623629 on 2020-04-09
Moestrup, Ø.; Akselmann-Cardella, R.; Churro, C.; Fraga, S.; Hoppenrath, M.; Iwataki, M.; Larsen, J.; Lundholm, N.; Zingone, A. (Eds) (2009 onwards). IOC-UNESCO Taxonomic Reference List of Harmful Micro Algae. Gambierdiscus carolinianus Litaker, Vandersea, M.A.Faust, Kibler, W.C.Holland & P.A.Tester, 2009. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hab/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=623629 on 2020-04-09
Date
action
by
2012-09-03 10:56:51Z
created
2015-03-31 11:11:42Z
changed
2015-06-26 12:00:51Z
changed
2019-07-18 06:33:22Z
changed

original description Litaker, R.W., Vandersea, M.W., Faust, M.A., Kibler, S.R., Chinain, M., Holmes, M.J., Holland, W.C. & Tester, P.A. 2009. Taxonomy of <i>Gambierdiscus</i> including four new species, <i>Gambierdiscus caribaeus</i>, <i>Gambierdiscus carolianus</i>, <i>Gambierdiscus carpenteri</i> and <i>Gambierdiscus ruetzleri</i> (Gonyaulacales, Dinophyceae). Phycologia, 48: 344-90 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2019). AlgaeBase. <em>World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway.</em> , available online at http://www.algaebase.org [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From regional or thematic species database
Harmful effect G. carolinianus has tested positive for MTX using a human erythrocyte bioassay (Holland et al. 2013) [details]
 


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