BeRMS source details

NameClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114.
AuthorsClarke, A.; Johnston, N.M
Year2003
TitleAntarctic marine benthic diversity
JournalOceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review
Suffix41: 47-114
Type Publication
NoteAn unpublished species checklist compiled for background to this paper was used as basis for the Register of Antarctic Marine Species. The paper itself contains no species lists.
Ant'Phipoda Literature database.
IMIS-ID63604
Full textAvailable for editors  PDF available
AbstractSpecies lists have been compiled for all the major groups of Southern Ocean benthic marine invertebrates, eliminating synonymies where possible and providing a subjective estimate of completeness and reliability for each group. Antarctic marine diversity (pelagic and benthic) is relatively high at the phylum and class level, with the gaps mostly comprising minor, meiofaunal or parasitic groups. Most benthic diversity data come from the continental shelves, with relatively few samples from deeper water. Even for the continental shelves, however, sampling is highly patchy with some areas hardly investigated at all. Over 4100 benthic species have been reported from the Southern Ocean, with the most speciose groups being polychaetes, gastropods and amphipods. Comparison with tropical and temperate regions suggest that decapods, bivalves and teleost fishes are poorly represented in the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna, whereas pycnogonids, echinoderms and many suspension feeding groups are rich and diverse. Some groups that are currently low in diversity were previously well represented in the Antarctic shallow water marine fauna, notably decapods and many fishes. Other groups have undergone marked radiations in the Southern Ocean, including pycnogonids, amphipods, isopods and teleost fishes; in all cases, however, it is only some lineages that have diversified. This indicates that evolutionary questions concerning the origin, diversification or extinction of the Southern Ocean marine fauna will have no single answer; the evolutionary history of each group appears to reflect a different response to the tectonic, climatic and oceanographic changes to which they have been subject through history. The disposition of southern hemisphere continents makes it difficult to assess whether there is a latitudinal cline in shallow-water marine diversity to mirror that known from the northern hemisphere. Within Antarctica, many species appear to have circumpolar distributions, and the long established biogeographical division into continental Antarctic, Antarctic Peninsula and sub-Antarctic regions have not been challenged by recent sampling. For most groups the frequency distribution of species per genus ratios is typical, though none is well described by the predictions from current evolutionary or null models. Where data are available, size spectra indicate that many Southern Ocean taxa are small, a few spectacular examples of gigantism notwithstanding, and species abundance plots are normal. Knowledge of the Southern Ocean benthic marine fauna has reached a stage where we can now ask powerful evolutionary questions, and the development of new molecular techniques provides the mechanism for answering them
Geographical
term
Antarctic
Taxonomic
terms
Amphipoda
Polychaeta
Taxa
(51)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium J.V.F.Lamouroux, 1813 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidium mytili Dalyell, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlcyonidioides mytili (Dalyell, 1848) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiblestrum Gray, 1848 (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAnasca (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Allia) Strelzov, 1973 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAricidea (Strelzovia) Aguirrezabalaga, 2012 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeania Johnston, 1840 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBeaniidae Canu & Bassler, 1927 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBowerbankia Farre, 1837 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBryozoa (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBugula Oken, 1815 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBugulidae Gray, 1848 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaberea Lamouroux, 1816 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalloporidae Norman, 1903 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCellaria Ellis & Solander, 1786 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCellariidae Fleming, 1828 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCelleporella Gray, 1848 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCelleporidae Johnston, 1838 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCheilostomatida (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorConchoderma auritum (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCribrilinidae Hincks, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElectra Lamouroux, 1816 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorElectridae d'Orbigny, 1851 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEscharella Gray, 1848 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEscharoides Milne Edwards, 1836 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExochellidae Bassler, 1935 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFenestrulina Jullien, 1888 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFigularia Jullien, 1886 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFilicrisia D'orbigny, 1853 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFlustridae Fleming, 1828 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGolfingia (Golfingia) Lankester, 1885 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnolaemata (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippothoidae Busk, 1859 (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorLimnoriidae White, 1850 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLineidae (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicroporellidae Hincks, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMunna Krøyer, 1839 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycale Gray, 1867 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxilla Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhascolion (Phascolion) Théel, 1875 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhascolion (Phascolion) strombus (Montagu, 1804) represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhidoloporidae Gabb & Horn, 1862 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhorbas Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRhynchozoon Hincks, 1895 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchizoporellidae Jullien, 1883 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScrupariidae Busk, 1852 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSmittina Norman, 1903 (additional source)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSmittinidae Levinsen, 1909 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSmittoidea Osburn, 1952 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTricellaria Fleming, 1828 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTubulipora Lamarck, 1816 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorUmbonulidae Canu, 1904 (additional source)
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history
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z  created  db_admin
2014-02-09 21:01:17Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-02-10 00:57:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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