BeRMS source details

Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493.
155063
10.12681/mms.87 [view]
Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N.
2010
Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution
Mediterranean Marine Science
11(2): 381-493
Publication
The state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: (i) the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED); (ii) the Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED); (iii) the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA); and (iv) the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED). The updated checklist (December 2010) of marine alien species within each subregion, along with their acclimatization status and origin, is provided. A total of 955 alien species is known in the Mediterranean, the vast majority of them having being introduced in the EMED (718), less in the WMED (328) and CMED (267) and least in the Adriatic (171). Of these, 535 species (56%) are established in at least one area. Despite the collective effort of experts who attempted in this work, the number of introduced species remains probably underestimated. Excluding microalgae, for which knowledge is still insufficient, aliens have increased the total species richness of the Mediterranean Sea by 5.9%. This figure should not be directly read as an indication of higher biodiversity, as spreading of so many aliens within the basin is possibly causing biotic homogenization. Thermophilic species, i.e. Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Tropical Atlantic, Tropical Pacific, and circum(sub)tropical, account for 88.4% of the introduced species in the EMED, 72.8% in the CMED, 59.3% in the WMED and 56.1% in the Adriatic. Cold water species, i.e. circumboreal, N Atlantic, and N Pacific, make up a small percentage of the introduced species, ranging between 4.2% and 21.6% and being more numerous in the Adriatic and less so in the EMED. Species that are classified as invasive or potentially invasive are 134 in the whole of the Mediterranean: 108 are present in the EMED, 75 in the CMED, 53 in the Adriatic and 64 in the WMED. The WMED hosts most invasive macrophytes, whereas the EMED has the lion’s share in polychaetes, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
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Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Antithamnionella spirographidis (Schiffner) E.M.Wollaston, 1968 (additional source)
Antithamnionella ternifolia (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Lyle, 1922 (additional source)
Asterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Austrominius modestus (Darwin, 1854) (additional source)
Balanus reticulatus Utinomi, 1967 accepted as Amphibalanus reticulatus (Utinomi, 1967) (additional source)
Balanus trigonus Darwin, 1854 (additional source)
Bonamia ostreae Pichot, Comps, Tigé, Grizel & Rabouin, 1980 (additional source)
Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 (additional source)
Bugula fulva Ryland, 1960 accepted as Bugulina fulva (Ryland, 1960) (additional source)
Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (additional source)
Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse, 1797 (additional source)
Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot, 1889 (additional source)
Cordylophora caspia (Pallas, 1771) (additional source)
Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Diadumene cincta Stephenson, 1925 (additional source)
Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (additional source)
Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel, 1923) (additional source)
Fucus spiralis Linnaeus, 1753 (additional source)
Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) (additional source)
Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfuss, 1967 (additional source)
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain, 1879) (additional source)
Hemigrapsus sanguineus (De Haan, 1835) (additional source)
Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (additional source)
Megabalanus tintinnabulum (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Mercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865 (additional source)
Monocorophium sextonae (Crawford, 1937) (additional source)
Mya arenaria Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Necora puber (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Neosiphonia harveyi (Bailey) M.-S.Kim, H.-G.Choi, Guiry & G.W.Saunders, 2001 accepted as Melanothamnus harveyi (Bailey) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs, 2017 (additional source)
Petricola pholadiformis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Petricolaria pholadiformis (Lamarck, 1818) (additional source)
Podarkeopsis capensis (Day, 1963) (additional source)
Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (additional source)
Polysiphonia fucoides (Hudson) Greville, 1824 accepted as Vertebrata fucoides (Hudson) Kuntze, 1891 (additional source)
Polysiphonia morrowii Harvey, 1857 (additional source)
Polysiphonia stricta (Mertens ex Dillwyn) Greville, 1824 (additional source)
Pseudocalanus elongatus (Boeck, 1865) (additional source)
Pylaiella littoralis (Linnaeus) Kjellman, 1872 (additional source)
Rhithropanopeus harrisii (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt, 1955 (additional source)
Styela clava Herdman, 1881 (additional source)
Syngnathus rostellatus Nilsson, 1855 (additional source)
Teredo navalis Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Tricellaria inopinata d'Hondt & Occhipinti Ambrogi, 1985 (additional source)
Undaria pinnatifida (Harvey) Suringar, 1873 (additional source)