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Asteroidea source details

NameClark, A.M. and J. Courtman-Stock. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
Type Publication
AbstractThis is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
Geographical
term
South Africa
Bibliographical
terms
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
terms
Asteroidea
Crinoidea
Echinodermata
Echinoidea
Holothuroidea
Ophiuroidea
Taxa
(76)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda Nardo, 1834 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias capensis Perrier, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias exigua Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias mammillata Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias savignyi Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias schmideliana Retzius, 1805 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster ornatus Perrier, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEustolasterias stenactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniopecten intermedius Perrier, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia abyssalis Mortensen, 1933 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia reticulata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster rex Perrier, 1885 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster latebrosus Sladen, 1882 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsi africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsii africana Sladen 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias rarispina (Perrier, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThromidia gigas (Mortensen, 1935) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOreaster lincki (de Blainville, 1830) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmipes novemradiata Bell, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPararchaster pedicifer Sladen, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParasterina formosa Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria granifera Gray, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria granifera (Gray, 1847) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria stellifera (Möbius, 1859) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina stellifera (Möbius, 1859) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissasterias polyacantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster proteus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster bifrons (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis echinaster Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster affinis Smith, 1876 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster capensis Gray, 1847 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster fornicatus Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaeriodiscus bourgeti (Perrier, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris Perrier, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichaster felipes Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToraster tuberculatus (Gray, 1847) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTylaster meridionalis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris Perrier, 1879 (basis of record)
Distributions
(414)
Agulhas Bank for Coelopleurus interruptus Döderlein, 1910
Agulhas Bank for Ophiochasma nitida Hertz, 1927
Agulhas Bank for Ophioscolex dentatus Lyman, 1878
Agulhas Bank for Ophiothamnus remotus Lyman, 1878
Agulhas Bank for Pseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923
Agulhas Bank for Salenia phoinissa A. Agassiz & H.L. Clark, 1908
Algoa Bay for Spoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923)
Andaman and Nicobar Islands Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiomyxa bengalensis Koehler, 1897
Australian Exclusive Economic Zone for Echinus variolaris Lamarck, 1816
Baie de l'Observatoire for Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876
Cape Natal for Anseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905)
Cape of Good Hope for Brisaster capensis (Studer, 1880)
Cape of Good Hope for Henricia ornata (Perrier, 1869)
Cape of Good Hope for Pteraster capensis Gray, 1847
Cape of Good Hope for Tropholampas loveni (Studer, 1880)
Cape Point for Amphipholis strata Mortensen, 1933
Cape Point for Caenopedina capensis H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Ceramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Cladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Hymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Seal for Echinus gilchristi Bell, 1904
Cape Town for Dipsacaster sladeni capensis A.M. Clark, 1952
Cape Town for Embryometra mortenseni Gislén, 1938
Cargados Carajos for Oligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911
Durban for Amphiura linearis Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Asteroceras spinigerum Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Asterostegus tuberculatus Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Chaetodiadema africanum H.L. Clark, 1924
Durban for Clypeaster eurychorius H.L. Clark, 1924
Durban for Comatella africana Gislén, 1938
Durban for Decametra durbanensis AM Clark, 1951
Durban for Eurypatagus parvituberculatus (H.L. Clark, 1924)
Durban for Kionocidaris striata Mortensen, 1932
Durban for Ophiacantha scutigera Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Ophiomitrella hamata Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Ophioscolex inermis Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Ophiura costata tumida Mortensen, 1933
Durban for Sclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926)
Durban for Stegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926
East London for Anseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923
East London for Antedon sclateri Bell, 1905
East London for Aspidodiadema africanum Mortensen, 1939
East London for Gislenometra perplexa AH Clark, 1947
East London for Glyptometra sclateri (Bell, 1905)
East London for Ophiomyxa tenuispina Mortensen, 1933
East London for Ophioplinthaca sexradia Mortensen, 1933
East London for Stereocidaris excavata Mortensen, 1932
East Timorian Exclusive Economic Zone for Ophiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904
Eastern Cape, Province of the for Ophiacantha nerthepsila H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Annametra occidentalis (AH Clark, 1915)
False Bay for Brissopsis lyrifera capensis Mortensen, 1907
False Bay for Cosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889)
False Bay for Dictenophiura anoidea H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Henricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976
False Bay for Mediaster capensis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Ophiura affinis simulans (Mortensen, 1936)
False Bay for Patiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933)
Gulf of Aden for Tropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936
Java Sea for Amphiura uncinata Koehler, 1904
Kaap Infante  for Chondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923
Kenya for Sperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901
Kenyan Exclusive Economic Zone for Sperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901
Kepulauan Paternoster for Ophiogymna fulgens (Koehler, 1905)
Kerguelen Islands for Luidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884
Kermadec Islands for Orechinus monolini (A. Agassiz, 1879)
Knysna for Lamprechinus nitidus Döderlein, 1905
Knysna for Polyechinus agulhensis (Döderlein, 1905)
Knysna for Stereocidaris capensis Döderlein, 1901
KwaZulu-Natal for Astroconus capensis Mortensen, 1933
Lambert's Bay for Anseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933
Madagascar for Astrophiura permira Sladen, 1879
Mauritius for Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840)
Mauritius for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1829)
Mauritius for Dichrometra afra AH Clark, 1912
Mauritius for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825)
Mauritius for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816)
Morgan for Mithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935
Moroccan Exclusive Economic Zone for Henricia abyssalis Mortensen, 1933
Mozambique for Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mozambique for Amphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904)
Mozambique for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927
Mozambique for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867)
Mozambique for Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867
Mozambique for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957
Mozambique for Archaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847)
Mozambique for Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874)
Mozambique for Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926
Mozambique for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913
Mozambique for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778)
Mozambique for Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862)
Mozambique for Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841)
Mozambique for Culcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805)

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