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Asteroidea source details

Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
6324
Clark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J.
1976
The echinoderms of southern Africa
Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp
Publication
This is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
South Africa
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda Nardo, 1834 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias capensis Perrier, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias exigua Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias mammillata Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias savignyi Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias schmideliana Retzius, 1805 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFromia schultzei Döderlein, 1910 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFromia schultzei Döderlein, 1910 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster ornatus Perrier, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEustolasterias stenactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniopecten intermedius Perrier, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia abyssalis (Perrier, 1894) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (original description)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia reticulata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster rex Perrier, 1885 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster latebrosus Sladen, 1882 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsi africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsii africana Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias rarispina (Perrier, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThromidia gigas (Mortensen, 1935) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOreaster lincki (de Blainville, 1830) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmipes novemradiata Bell, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPararchaster pedicifer Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParasterina formosa Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria granifera Gray, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria granifera (Gray, 1847) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria stellifera (Möbius, 1859) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina stellifera (Möbius, 1859) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissasterias polyacantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster proteus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster bifrons (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis echinaster Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster affinis Smith, 1876 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster capensis Gray, 1847 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster fornicatus Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaeriodiscus bourgeti (Perrier, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris (Perrier, 1879) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichaster felipes Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToraster tuberculatus (Gray, 1847) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTylaster meridionalis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris (Perrier, 1879) (basis of record)
Agulhas Bank for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923 
Algoa Bay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) 
Baie de l'Observatoire for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster affinis Smith, 1876 
Cape Natal for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) 
Cape of Good Hope for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) 
Cape of Good Hope for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster capensis Gray, 1847 
Cape Point for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923 
Cape Point for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 
Cape Point for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923 
Cape Town for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDipsacaster sladeni capensis A.M. Clark, 1952 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) 
Durban for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926 
East London for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 
False Bay (South Africa) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMediaster capensis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 
False Bay (South Shetland Islands) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) 
Kaap Infante  for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 
Kerguelen Islands for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884 
Lambert's Bay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 
Mauritius for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840) 
Morgan for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935 
Moroccan Exclusive Economic Zone for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia abyssalis (Perrier, 1894) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorArchaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten antares Döderlein, 1926 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia guildingi Gray, 1840 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia maculata Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) 
Mozambique for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) 
Port Nolloth for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTylaster meridionalis Mortensen, 1933 
Red Sea for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Rio De Janeiro for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria stellifera (Möbius, 1859) 
Saint Thomas for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 
Saldanha Bay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 
Saldanha Bay for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926 
South Africa for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthenoides marleyi Mortensen, 1925 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten anacanthus H.L. Clark, 1926 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten antares Döderlein, 1926 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis pontoporaeus Sladen, 1883 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten leptus H.L. Clark, 1926 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1889)  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster acanthodes H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDipsacaster sladeni capensis A.M. Clark, 1952 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDisasterina leptalacantha var. africana Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHacelia capensis Mortensen, 1925 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia abyssalis (Perrier, 1894) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana var. capensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster latebrosus Sladen, 1882 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLophaster quadrispinus H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia africana Sladen, 1889 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia maculata Müller & Troschel, 1842 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sagamina aciculata Mortensen, 1933  (inaccurate)
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis f. africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis f. rarispina H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMediaster capensis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMediaster capensis var. durbanensis Mortensen, 1933 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria granifera Gray, 1847 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPectinaster filholi Perrier, 1885 
South Africa (country) for Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826)  (inaccurate)
Unknown type, locality Cape Point, identified as Plutonaster proteus H.L. Clark, 1923
Unknown type, locality Cape Point, identified as Hymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923
Holotype, locality Cape Verde, identified as Sphaeriodiscus bourgeti (Perrier, 1885)
Unknown type, locality False Bay (South Africa), identified as Luidia africana Sladen, 1889
Unknown type, locality False Bay (South Africa), identified as Pseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889
Unknown type, locality South Norway, identified as Diplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866)
Holotype BM 1890.5.7.1007, locality Philippines, identified as Coronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Biology

Sexually dimrophic species, epizoic on cake urchins Echinodiscus bisperforatus and E. auritus [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Clark & Courtman-Stock record the species as observed from South Africa, without further details. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

Description: disc scales with scattered pointed spinelets; single thick oral papilla, no infradental papilla; ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Description

South african Atlantic species [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Gilbert Islands (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Saipan (Clark, 1954). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in Maldives, Andamans, Lesser Sunda Island and southern Japan in depths from about 400-2800 m. ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies, Philippine and South Pacific Is. (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Also reported from Morocco and Ivory coast (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: also atlantic coast of S Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: occurs ao on the Atlantic Coast of South Africa (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 [554]) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Distribution: South Africa, not known more precisely. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

From the Philippines in Lyman (1874). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (Pacific and Atlantic Oceans), depth range 62-2963 m. (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Distribution

Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

benthic, continental shelf, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, South Africa, west Pacific Ocean, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous, South Africa, New Zealand, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental slope. Depth range 318-2300 m. (Rowe & Gates, 1995). Also previously recorded in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental shelf, continental slope, abyssal. General distribution: temperate, circumglobal ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Ecology

Ecology: benthic, inshore, continental shelf, deposit feeder. General distribution: temperate, discontinuous (west ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype in Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 2278; paratypes in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town (South Africa) A.6445. Type locality: NW of Lion's Head, Cape Town, South ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype South African Museum, Cape Town, South Africa.Type locality: off East London, South Africa, 375m (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Holotype

Holotype whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Red Sea, in Lyman (1865) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Also recorded from 'Coin Peros' by Bell (1909) - locality can't be traced. Described by Müller & Troschel ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Lectotype Museum fürNnaturkunde an der Universität Humbolt zu Berlin, Berlin (Germany) 5429, paralectotype Museum ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Lectotype Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands, paralectotypes Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Original combination [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Original combination [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes (7 specimens) ?Universitait van Amsterdam, Amsterdam (Netherlands). Type locality: east of Sailus Besar, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes (probable) Natural History Museum, London (england). Type locality: off the coast of Ireland (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes ?Zoologisches Museum, Göttingen (Germany) (3 specimens).Type locality: Amboina, Indonesia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes Natural History Museum, London (England) 1882.12.23.444. Type locality: japan (35°11'N 139°28'E) (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Syntypes undetermied. Type locality: Norway in Clark & Courtman-Stock (1976), but unknown in Rowe & Gates (1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type data: status and whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Unknown (Britain) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type data: syntypes whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: unknown (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Keraiophorus Michelin, 1862 (=Coelopleurus L. Agassiz, 1840 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type specie of the genus Cryptopelta H.L. Clark, 1909 (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Cidaris cretosa Mantell, 1829 (=Cidaris sceptrifera Mantell, 1822) by subsequent designation in ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Ophiogymna elegans Ljungman, 1866 by monotypy (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Ophiacantha vipellis Lyman, 1883 by original designation (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Type species: Tristan da Cunha, 200 m. (Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Remark

Types species: Spatangus pusillus Leske, 1778 (=Echinus cordatus Pennant, 1777) by subsequent designation (Rowe & ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Spelling

Tropriometra in Kalk (1958). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor Status

Lyman (1882) intended this to be a synonym of Ophioderma tonagan Lütken, 1872, but assigned his own name to it as ... [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

H. retecta preoccupied by Hayashi 1940 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

A forma of M. gacialis [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

In Lyman (1874): Ophiothrix longipeda is a synonym of Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman. But Ophiothrix propinqua is a ... [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original combination [details]

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Original combination and rank [details]

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Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original combination for Henricia reticulata; H. reticulata is junior homonym of H. reticulata of Hayashi, 1940. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

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Original description [details]

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Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

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Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

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Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor Synonymy

Original description [details]

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