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Asteroidea source details

NameClark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
SourceID6324
AuthorsClark, A.M. & Courtman-Stock, J.
Year1976
TitleThe echinoderms of southern Africa
SuffixPubl. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp
Type Publication
AbstractThis is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
Geographical
term
South Africa
Bibliographical
terms
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
terms
Asteroidea
Crinoidea
Echinodermata
Echinoidea
Holothuroidea
Ophiuroidea
Taxa
(76)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda Nardo, 1834 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias capensis Perrier, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias exigua Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias mammillata Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias savignyi Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias schmideliana Retzius, 1805 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFromia schultzei Döderlein, 1910 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFromia schultzei Döderlein, 1910 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster ornatus Perrier, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEustolasterias stenactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniopecten intermedius Perrier, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia abyssalis Mortensen, 1933 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia reticulata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana (Parelius, 1768) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster rex Perrier, 1885 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster latebrosus Sladen, 1882 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsi africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsii africana Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias rarispina (Perrier, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThromidia gigas (Mortensen, 1935) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOreaster lincki (de Blainville, 1830) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmipes novemradiata Bell, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPararchaster pedicifer Sladen, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParasterina formosa Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria granifera Gray, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria granifera (Gray, 1847) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria stellifera (Möbius, 1859) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina stellifera (Möbius, 1859) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissasterias polyacantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster proteus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster bifrons (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis echinaster Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster affinis Smith, 1876 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster capensis Gray, 1847 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster fornicatus Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaeriodiscus bourgeti (Perrier, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris Perrier, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichaster felipes Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToraster tuberculatus (Gray, 1847) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTylaster meridionalis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris Perrier, 1879 (basis of record)
Distributions
(124)
Agulhas Bank for Pseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923
Algoa Bay for Spoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923)
Baie de l'Observatoire for Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876
Cape Natal for Anseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905)
Cape of Good Hope for Henricia ornata (Perrier, 1869)
Cape of Good Hope for Pteraster capensis Gray, 1847
Cape Point for Ceramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Cladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Point for Hymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923
Cape Town for Dipsacaster sladeni capensis A.M. Clark, 1952
Durban for Sclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926)
Durban for Stegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926
East London for Anseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Calliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889
False Bay for Cosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889)
False Bay for Henricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976
False Bay for Mediaster capensis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923
False Bay for Patiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933)
Kaap Infante  for Chondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923
Kerguelen Islands for Luidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884
Lambert's Bay for Anseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933
Mauritius for Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840)
Morgan for Mithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935
Moroccan Exclusive Economic Zone for Henricia abyssalis Mortensen, 1933
Mozambique for Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mozambique for Archaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847)
Mozambique for Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926
Mozambique for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913
Mozambique for Culcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805)
Mozambique for Linckia guildingi Gray, 1840
Mozambique for Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mozambique for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Luidia maculata Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826)
Mozambique for Patiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Protoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830)
Port Nolloth for Tylaster meridionalis Mortensen, 1933
Red Sea for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842
Rio De Janeiro for Patiria stellifera (Möbius, 1859)
Saint Thomas for Brisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889
Saldanha Bay for Hippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926
Saldanha Bay for Odontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926
South Africa for Austrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910)
South Africa (country) for Allostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875)
South Africa (country) for Anseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933
South Africa (country) for Anseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Anseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905)
South Africa (country) for Anthenoides marleyi Mortensen, 1925
South Africa (country) for Asterina gracilispina H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847)
South Africa (country) for Astropecten anacanthus H.L. Clark, 1926
South Africa (country) for Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926
South Africa (country) for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948
South Africa (country) for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842
South Africa (country) for Astropecten irregularis pontoporaeus Sladen, 1883
South Africa (country) for Astropecten leptus H.L. Clark, 1926
South Africa (country) for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913
South Africa (country) for Benthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885)  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Brisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889
South Africa (country) for Calliaster acanthodes H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Calliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889
South Africa (country) for Ceramaster patagonicus euryplax H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Ceramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Chondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Cladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Coronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889)
South Africa (country) for Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840)
South Africa (country) for Cosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889)
South Africa (country) for Crossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889
South Africa (country) for Dipsacaster sladeni capensis A.M. Clark, 1952
South Africa (country) for Disasterina leptalacantha africana Mortensen, 1933
South Africa (country) for Hacelia capensis Mortensen, 1925
South Africa (country) for Henricia abyssalis Mortensen, 1933
South Africa (country) for Henricia ornata (Perrier, 1869)
South Africa (country) for Henricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976
South Africa (country) for Hippasteria phrygiana capensis Mortensen, 1933
South Africa (country) for Hippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926
South Africa (country) for Hymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Hymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Hymenaster latebrosus Sladen, 1882
South Africa (country) for Lophaster quadrispinus H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Luidia africana Sladen, 1889
South Africa (country) for Luidia maculata Müller & Troschel, 1842
South Africa (country) for Luidia sagamina aciculata Mortensen, 1933  (inaccurate)
South Africa (country) for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826)
South Africa (country) for Luidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884
South Africa (country) for Marthasterias glacialis f. africana (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
South Africa (country) for Marthasterias glacialis f. rarispina H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Mediaster capensis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923
South Africa (country) for Mediaster capensis durbanensis Mortensen, 1933
South Africa (country) for Mithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935
South Africa (country) for Odontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926
South Africa (country) for Patiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933)
South Africa (country) for Patiria granifera Gray, 1847
South Africa (country) for Patiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816)
South Africa (country) for Pectinaster filholi Perrier, 1885
South Africa (country) for Pentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826)  (inaccurate)

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