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Asteroidea source details

SourceID6324
NameClark, A.M. and J. Courtman-Stock. (1976). The echinoderms of southern Africa. Publ. No. 766. British Museum (Nat. Hist), London. 277 pp.
Type Publication
AbstractThis is a key to the Echinoderms of South Africa (except the Holothurians). The area is limited to Capricorn (South-east) and to Walvis bay (South-west). After all the surveys done by H.L. Clark (1923) and Mortensen (1933a, of the Asterozoa), only a small number of new taxa have been discovered. The number of species included is ca. 280.
Geographical
term
South Africa
Bibliographical
terms
Bathyal, Continental slope
Fauna and Flora, Faunistic inventories, Checklists, Catalogues
Faunistic guides, Identification guides
Systematics, Taxonomy
Taxonomic
terms
Asteroidea
Crinoidea
Echinodermata
Echinoidea
Holothuroidea
Ophiuroidea
Taxa
(76)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda Nardo, 1834 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda grandis Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda habracantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteracanthion africanus Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias capensis Perrier, 1875 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAllostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias exigua Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias mammillata Audouin, 1827 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias savignyi Audouin, 1826 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterias schmideliana Retzius, 1805 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten pontoporeus Sladen, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstropecten irregularis (Pennant, 1777) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAustrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrisinga cricophora Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCalliaster baccatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeramaster trispinosus H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondraster elattosis H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCladaster macrobrachius H.L. Clark, 1923 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoronaster volsellatus (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrossaster penicillatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinaster ornatus Perrier, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEustolasterias stenactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniodiscus sebae Müller & Troschel, 1842 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCulcita novaeguineae Müller & Troschel, 1842 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniopecten intermedius Perrier, 1881 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia abyssalis Mortensen, 1933 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia ornata (Perrier, 1869) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia reticulata (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHenricia retecta A.M. Clark & Courtman-Stock, 1976 (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippasteria phrygiana strongylactis H.L. Clark, 1926 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster gennaeus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster rex Perrier, 1885 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster lamprus H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHymenaster latebrosus Sladen, 1882 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia miliaris (Muller & Troschel, 1840) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLinckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsi africana Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia sarsii africana Sladen 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLuidiaster hirsutus Studer, 1884 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCheiraster (Luidiaster) hirsutus (Studer, 1884) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias rarispina (Perrier, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMarthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMithrodia gigas Mortensen, 1935 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorThromidia gigas (Mortensen, 1935) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontaster australis H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOreaster lincki Lutken, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalmipes novemradiata Bell, 1905 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnseropoda novemradiata (Bell, 1905) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPararchaster pedicifer Sladen, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBenthopecten pedicifer (Sladen, 1885) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParasterina formosa Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria Gray, 1840 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria formosa A.M. Clark, 1956 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria formosa (Mortensen, 1933) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria granifera Gray, 1847 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCallopatiria granifera (Gray, 1847) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiria stellifera (Möbius, 1859) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterina stellifera (Möbius, 1859) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPatiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParvulastra exigua (Lamarck, 1816) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPentaceraster mammillatus (Audouin, 1826) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerissasterias polyacantha H.L. Clark, 1923 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster intermedius (Perrier, 1881) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster proteus H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlutonaster bifrons (Wyville Thomson, 1873) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis capensis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoraniopsis echinaster Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster brachyactis H.L. Clark, 1923 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudarchaster tessellatus Sladen, 1889 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster affinis Smith, 1876 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster capensis Gray, 1847 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPteraster fornicatus Mortensen, 1933 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias Perrier, 1891 (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias stenactis (H.L. Clark, 1926) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSclerasterias mazophora (Wood-Mason & Alcock, 1891) (basis of record)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaeriodiscus bourgeti (Perrier, 1885) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris Perrier, 1879 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStegnobrisinga splendens H.L. Clark, 1926 (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStichaster felipes Sladen, 1889 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCosmasterias felipes (Sladen, 1889) (source of synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorToraster tuberculatus (Gray, 1847) (additional source)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTylaster meridionalis Mortensen, 1933 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster brachyactis (H.L. Clark, 1923) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpoladaster veneris Perrier, 1879 (basis of record)
Distributions
(319)
Cargados Carajos for Oligometra serripinna occidentalis AH Clark, 1911
Kenya for Sperosoma biseriatum Döderlein, 1901
Madagascar for Astrophiura permira Sladen, 1879
Mauritius for Coscinasterias calamaria (Gray, 1840)
Mauritius for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1829)
Mauritius for Dichrometra afra AH Clark, 1912
Mauritius for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825)
Mauritius for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816)
Mauritius for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Acanthaster planci (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mozambique for Amphilycus scripta (Koehler, 1904)
Mozambique for Amphiophiura trifolium Hertz, 1927
Mozambique for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867)
Mozambique for Amphiura (Amphiura) capensis Ljungman, 1867  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Amphiura candida Ljungman, 1867
Mozambique for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957
Mozambique for Archaster angulatus Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Asterodiscides elegans (Gray, 1847)
Mozambique for Astroboa nuda (Lyman, 1874)
Mozambique for Astropecten antares Döderlein, 1926
Mozambique for Astropecten granulatus natalensis John, 1948  (inaccurate)
Mozambique for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Astropecten polyacanthus phragmorus Fisher, 1913
Mozambique for Astropyga radiata (Leske, 1778)
Mozambique for Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862)
Mozambique for Comanthus parvicirrus (Müller, 1841)
Mozambique for Culcita schmideliana (Retzius, 1805)
Mozambique for Diadema savignyi (Audouin, 1829)
Mozambique for Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778)
Mozambique for Echinodiscus auritus Leske, 1778
Mozambique for Echinodiscus bisperforatus Leske, 1778
Mozambique for Echinometra mathaei (Blainville, 1825)
Mozambique for Echinothrix calamaris (Pallas, 1774)
Mozambique for Eucidaris metularia (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Heterometra delagoae (Gislén, 1938)
Mozambique for Linckia guildingi Gray, 1840
Mozambique for Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mozambique for Linckia multifora (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Lovenia elongata (Gray, 1845)
Mozambique for Luidia maculata Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Luidia savignyi (Audouin, 1826)
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix aspidota (Müller & Troschel, 1842)  (doubtful)
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861)
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix hirsuta cheneyi (Lyman, 1862)
Mozambique for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Ophiacantha baccata Mortensen, 1933
Mozambique for Ophiactis carnea Ljungman, 1867
Mozambique for Ophiactis delagoa J.B. Balinsky, 1957
Mozambique for Ophiactis modesta Brock, 1888
Mozambique for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842)
Mozambique for Ophiocentrus dilatata (Koehler, 1905)
Mozambique for Ophiocircus inutilis Koehler, 1904
Mozambique for Ophiocnemis marmorata (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888)
Mozambique for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887)
Mozambique for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842
Mozambique for Ophiomastix variabilis Koehler, 1905
Mozambique for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851
Mozambique for Ophionereis australis (H.L. Clark, 1923)
Mozambique for Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860
Mozambique for Ophionereis vivipara Mortensen, 1933
Mozambique for Ophiopallas paradoxa Koehler, 1904
Mozambique for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851)
Mozambique for Ophiothela danae Verrill, 1869
Mozambique for Ophiothela nuda (H.L. Clark, 1923)
Mozambique for Ophiothrix echinotecta Balinsky, 1957
Mozambique for Ophiothrix foveolata Marktanner-Turneretscher, 1887
Mozambique for Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861
Mozambique for Ophiothrix proteus Koehler, 1905
Mozambique for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869
Mozambique for Paracrocnida sacensis (Balinsky, 1957)
Mozambique for Patiriella exigua (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Pentametrocrinus varians (Carpenter, 1882)
Mozambique for Prionocidaris pistillaris (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Protoreaster lincki (Blainville, 1830)
Mozambique for Salmaciella dussumieri erythracis (H.L. Clark, 1912)
Mozambique for Salmacis bicolor L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846
Mozambique for Stomopneustes variolaris (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Temnopleurus toreumaticus (Leske, 1778)
Mozambique for Toxopneustes pileolus (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mozambique for Tropiometra carinata carinata (Lamarck, 1816)
Mozambique for Tropiometra magnifica AH Clark, 1936
Red Sea for Astropecten hemprichi Müller & Troschel, 1842
Red Sea for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842
Reunion for Coelopleurus maillardi (Michelin, 1862)
Somalia for Democrinus chuni (Döderlein, 1907)
South Africa for Austrofromia schultzei (Döderlein, 1910)
South Africa (country) for Acanthocidaris maculicollis (de Meijere, 1904)  (doubtful)
South Africa (country) for Allostichaster capensis (Perrier, 1875)
South Africa (country) for Amphilepis scutata Mortensen, 1933
South Africa (country) for Amphilimna cribriformis A.M. Clark, 1974
South Africa (country) for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867)

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