original description Verrill A. E. & Bush K. J. (1898). Revision of the deep-water Mollusca of the Atlantic coast of North America, with descriptions of new genera and species. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 20: 775-901; pl. 71-97, available online athttp://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15838668 [details]
basis of record Huber M. (2010) Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research.
Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM.
(look up in IMIS) [details]