WoRMS name details

Serpula retorta Adams, 1798

448310  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:448310)

taxon inquirendum (foraminifer erroneously described in a polychaete genus)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Adams, G.; Kanmacher, F. (1798). Essays on the microscope : containing a practical description of the most improved microscopes; a general history of insects, their transformations, peculiar habits, and œconomy : an account of the various species, and singular properties, of the hydræ and vorticellæ: a description of three hundred and eighty-three animalcula : with a concise catalogue of interesting objects: a view of the organization of timber, and the configuration of salts, when under the microscope. [Book]. 724 pp. Second edition, by the late George Adams, further edited by Kanmacher., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45704067
page(s): 634; note: Author is Adams, not the fictional Walker & Jacob [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Serpula retorta Adams, 1798. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=448310 on 2018-06-23
Date
action
by
2010-01-22 16:17:42Z
created
2010-12-30 13:36:22Z
changed
2016-10-11 21:52:23Z
changed
2018-05-21 05:58:03Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Adams, G.; Kanmacher, F. (1798). Essays on the microscope : containing a practical description of the most improved microscopes; a general history of insects, their transformations, peculiar habits, and œconomy : an account of the various species, and singular properties, of the hydræ and vorticellæ: a description of three hundred and eighty-three animalcula : with a concise catalogue of interesting objects: a view of the organization of timber, and the configuration of salts, when under the microscope. [Book]. 724 pp. Second edition, by the late George Adams, further edited by Kanmacher., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45704067
page(s): 634; note: Author is Adams, not the fictional Walker & Jacob [details]   

additional source Pennant, Thomas. (1812). British Zoology. A new edition in four volumes. vol IV. Class V. Crustacea. Class VI. Vermes. Wilkie & Robinson. London. xvi+379 pp. 95 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34933712
page(s): 365 [details]   

additional source Turton W. (1802). A General System of Nature, through the three grand Kingdoms of Animals, Vegetables, and Minerals; systematicallydivided into their several classes, orders, genera, species, and varieties, with their habitations, manners, economy, structure,and peculiarities. Translated from Gmelin's last edition of the celebrated Systema Natura, by Sir Charles Linné : Amended andenlarged by the improvements and discoveries of later naturalists and societies, with appropriate copper-pla. Lackington and co. 4 vol.: , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83209
page(s): 609 [details]   

additional source Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 524, 525 [details]   

additional source Turton, W. (1819) A Conchological Dictionary of the British Islands. J. Booth, London, xxvii + 272 pp., 28 pls., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/29692
page(s): 158 [details]   

new combination reference Johnston, George 1846. An index to the British Annelides [sic]. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 1, 16 (supplement to vol 16): 433-462. Plate 2. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71834#page/447/mode/1up
page(s): 451 [details]   

status source ICZN; International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature. (1959). Opinion 558. Rejection for nomenclatorial purposes of the work entitled "Testacea minuta rariora" by William Boys as augmented by George Walker published in 1784. Opinions and Declarations rendered by the International Commission of Zoological Nomenclature. 20(25): 277-282., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/34655540
note: Multi-word names of Boys & Walker are rejected, including some for Serpula [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofSpirorbis retortus (Turton, 1802)) Johnston, George 1846. An index to the British Annelides [sic]. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 1, 16 (supplement to vol 16): 433-462. Plate 2. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71834#page/447/mode/1up
page(s): 451 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Authority In Adams (1798) as "Serpula Retorta. Fig. 6. S. (retorta) rotunda marginata service curvatim exerto. The marginated retort worm-shell. The colour white and opake. From Sandwich: not common." Authorship as Walker & Jacob, 1798 is incorrect. See the explanation for Serpula bicornis Adams. An earlier publication (Boys & Walker 1784) is rejected for nomenclature, and the name is not the same, with 'Retorta' seemingly used as a subgenus, followed by a multi-word Latin description. [details]

Editor's comment although referred to the serpulid Spirorbis retortus by Johnston (1846: 451), the original figure in Walker (1784 pl. 1 fig.10) and the description and remark "detached" by Turton (1819: 158), as well as the latter's "classification" of the taxon with some other foraminifera clearly show this taxon to be a Foraminifera incertae sedis [details]