WoRMS taxon details

Crangonyx Spence Bate, 1859

431462  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:431462)

accepted
Genus
Eucrangonyx Stebbing, 1899 (junior objective synonym)
Species Crangonyx aberrans Smith, 1983
Species Crangonyx acicularis Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx africanus Messouli, 2006
Species Crangonyx aka Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx anomalus Hubricht, 1943
Species Crangonyx antennatus Packard, 1881
Species Crangonyx baculispina Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx barri Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx bousfieldi Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx caecus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx castellanum Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx chlebnikovi Borutzky, 1928
Species Crangonyx consimilis Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx cooperi Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx cornutus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx dearolfi Shoemaker, 1942
Species Crangonyx disjunctus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx ermannii (H. Milne Edwards, 1840)
Species Crangonyx floridanus Bousfield, 1963
Species Crangonyx fontinalis Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx forbesi (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Crangonyx gracilis S.I. Smith, 1871
Species Crangonyx grandimanus Bousfield, 1963
Species Crangonyx hobbsi Shoemaker, 1941
Species Crangonyx hubrichti Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx indianensis Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx insolitus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx islandicus Svavarsson & Kristjánsson, 2006
Species Crangonyx lewisi Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx longicarpus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx longidactylus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx minor Bousfield, 1958
Species Crangonyx montanus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx obliquus (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Crangonyx ohioensis Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx orientalis Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx packardi S.I. Smith, 1888
Species Crangonyx palustris Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx paxi Schellenberg, 1935
Species Crangonyx pseudogracilis Bousfield, 1958
Species Crangonyx richmondensis Ellis, 1941
Species Crangonyx rivularis Bousfield, 1958
Species Crangonyx serratus (Embody, 1911)
Species Crangonyx setodactylus Bousfield, 1958
Species Crangonyx shoemakeri (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Crangonyx specus Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx stagnicolous Zhang & Holsinger, 2003
Species Crangonyx subterraneus Spence Bate, 1859
Species Crangonyx sulfurium Sawicki & Holsinger, 2017

Species Crangonyx alabamensis Stout, 1911 accepted as Eucrangonyx alabamensis (Stout, 1911) accepted as Synpleonia alabamensis (Stout, 1911) accepted as Stygonectes alabamensis alabamensis (Stout, 1911) accepted as Stygobromus alabamensis alabamensis (Stout, 1911)
Species Crangonyx alpinus Bousfield, 1963 accepted as Crangonyx richmondensis Ellis, 1941 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Crangonyx ambulans (F. Müller, 1846) accepted as Synurella ambulans (F. Müller, 1846)
Species Crangonyx arsenjevi (Derzhavin, 1927) accepted as Amurocrangonyx arsenjevi (Derzhavin, 1927) (superseded recombination)
Species Crangonyx bifurcus O.P.Hay, 1882 accepted as Eucrangonyx bifurcus (O.P. Hay, 1882) accepted as Stygobromus bifurcus (O.P. Hay, 1882) accepted as Synurella bifurca (O.P.Hay, 1882)
Species Crangonyx bowersii Ulrich, 1902 accepted as Crangonyx flagellatus Benedict, 1896 accepted as Eucrangonyx flagellatus (Benedict, 1896) accepted as Stygonectes flagellatus (Benedict, 1896) accepted as Stygobromus flagellatus (Benedict, 1896)
Species Crangonyx compactus Chilton, 1882 accepted as Paracrangonyx compactus (Chilton, 1882) (basionym)
Species Crangonyx flagellatus Benedict, 1896 accepted as Eucrangonyx flagellatus (Benedict, 1896) accepted as Stygonectes flagellatus (Benedict, 1896) accepted as Stygobromus flagellatus (Benedict, 1896)
Species Crangonyx lucifugus O.P. Hay, 1882 accepted as Stygobromus lucifugus (O.P. Hay, 1882)
Species Crangonyx mucronatus Forbes, 1876 accepted as Bactrurus mucronatus (Forbes, 1876) (superseded recombination)
Species Crangonyx occidentalis Hubricht & Harrison, 1941 accepted as Crangonyx richmondensis Ellis, 1941 (subjective junior synonym)
Species Crangonyx onondagaensis Hubricht & Mackin, 1940 accepted as Stygobromus onondagaensis (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Crangonyx putealis Holmes, 1909 accepted as Stygobromus putealis (Holmes, 1909)
Species Crangonyx recurvatus (Grube, 1861) accepted as Crangonyx recurvus (Grube, 1861) accepted as Synurella recurvus (Grube, 1861) accepted as Synurella ambulans ambulans f. recurva (Grube, 1861) accepted as Synurella ambulans ambulans (F. Müller, 1846) (lapsus calami)
Species Crangonyx recurvus (Grube, 1861) accepted as Synurella recurvus (Grube, 1861) accepted as Synurella ambulans ambulans f. recurva (Grube, 1861) accepted as Synurella ambulans ambulans (F. Müller, 1846)
Species Crangonyx robertsi (Methuen, 1911) accepted as Sternophysinx robertsi (Methuen, 1911)
Species Crangonyx schizurus Birstein, 1948 accepted as Tadzocrangonyx schizurus (Birstein, 1948)
Species Crangonyx setiferus Birstein & Ljovushkin, 1972 accepted as Tadzocrangonyx setiferus (Birstein & Ljovushkin, 1972)
Species Crangonyx shimizui Uéno, 1940 accepted as Melita shimizui (Uéno, 1940)
Species Crangonyx spinosus Hubricht & Mackin, 1940 accepted as Stygobromus spinosus (Hubricht & Mackin, 1940)
Species Crangonyx tenuis S.I. Smith, 1874 accepted as Eucrangonyx tenuis (S.I. Smith, 1874) accepted as Stygonectes tenuis (S.I. Smith, 1874) accepted as Synpleonia tenuis (S.I. Smith, 1874) accepted as Stygonectes tenuis tenuis (S.I. Smith, 1874) accepted as Stygobromus tenuis tenuis (S.I. Smith, 1874)
Species Crangonyx vitreus (Cope, 1872) accepted as Stygobromus vitreus Cope, 1872
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Bate, C. S. (1859). On the genus Niphargus (Schiodte). Proceedings of the Dublin University Zoological and Botanical Association. 1:237-244. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomic remark The use of the name ‘Spence Bate’ instead of ‘Bate’ is discussed herein. See page 201.  
Taxonomic remark The use of the name ‘Spence Bate’ instead of ‘Bate’ is discussed herein. See page 201. [details]

Taxonomy The genus is made of six groups in North America: gracilis group, shoemakeri group, longicarpus group, richrnondensis...  
Taxonomy The genus is made of six groups in North America: gracilis group, shoemakeri group, longicarpus group, richrnondensis group, insolitus group and forbesi group. [details]
Horton, T.; Lowry, J.; De Broyer, C.; Bellan-Santini, D.; Coleman, C. O.; Corbari, L.; Daneliya, M.; Dauvin, J-C.; Fišer, C.; Gasca, R.; Grabowski, M.; Guerra-García, J. M.; Hendrycks, E.; Hughes, L.; Jaume, D.; Jazdzewski, K.; Kim, Y.-H.; King, R.; Krapp-Schickel, T.; LeCroy, S.; Lörz, A.-N.; Mamos, T.; Senna, A. R.; Serejo, C.; Sket, B.; Souza-Filho, J. F.; Tandberg, A.H.; Thomas, J.; Thurston, M.; Vader, W.; Väinölä, R.; Vonk, R.; White, K.; Zeidler, W. (2018). World Amphipoda Database. Crangonyx Spence Bate, 1859. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=431462 on 2018-02-23
Date
action
by
2009-11-20 07:10:55Z
created
2016-05-11 13:24:27Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Bate, C. S. (1859). On the genus Niphargus (Schiodte). Proceedings of the Dublin University Zoological and Botanical Association. 1:237-244. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofEucrangonyx Stebbing, 1899) Stebbing, T. R. R. (1899). Amphipoda from the Copenhagen Museum and other sources, part II. The Transactions of the Linnean Society of London: Zoology. (ser 2) 8: 395-432, Pls 30-35., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/8599617/#page/493/mode/1up
page(s): 423 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Zhang, J.; Holsinger, J. R. (2003). Systematics of the freshwater amphipod genus Crangonyx (Crangonyctidae) in North America. Virginia Museum of Natural History, Memoir. 6, 274 pp.
page(s): 5; note: diagnosis update [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

taxonomy source Bate, C.S. (1862). Catalogue of the specimens of amphipodous Crustacea in the collection of the British Museum. Taylor & Francis, London. 399 pp., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.20901
page(s): 178 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Lowry, J. K.; Myers, A. A. (2013). A Phylogeny and Classification of the Senticaudata subord. nov. (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Zootaxa. 3610(1): 1-80., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2013/f/zt03610p080.pdf
page(s): 47 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Takhteev V.V., Berezina N.A., Sidorov D.A. (2015). Checklist of the Amphipoda (Crustacea) from continental waters of Russia, with data on alien species. Arthropoda Selecta. 24(3): 335–370.
page(s): 341, 349; note: in list of genera [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bousfield E.L. & Holsinger J.R. (1989). A new crangonyctid amphipod crustacean from hypogean fresh waters of Oregon. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67, 963-968.
page(s): 963; note: in a key [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sidorov, D. A.;Pankov, N. N.;Holsinger, J. R.;. (2012). Distribution and ecology of the subterranean amphipod Crangonyx chlebnikovi Borutzky, 1928 (Crustacea: Crangonyctidae), with lectotype designation and comments on morphology of the lateral cephalic lobe. Arthropoda Selecta. 21(2): 149-160.
page(s): 158; note: notes on diagnostics [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kornobis, E.; Pálsson, S.; Sidorov, D. A.; Holsinger, J. R.; Kristjánsson, B. K. (2011). Molecular taxonomy and phylogenetic affinities of two groundwater amphipods, Crangonyx islandicus and Crymostygius thingvallensis, endemic to Iceland. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 58(3): 527-539., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2010.12.010
note: mtDNA COI, 16S, nDNA 18S, 28S [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Sidorov, D. A.; Palatov, D. (2012). Taxonomy of the spring dwelling amphipod Synurella ambulans (Crustacea: Crangonyctidae) in West Russia: with notes on its distribution and ecology. European Journal of Taxonomy. 23: 1-19., available online at https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2012.23
page(s): 15; note: note on affinities [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Kornobis, E., Pálsson, S. & Svavarsson, J. (2012). Classification of Crangonyx islandicus (Amphipoda, Crangonyctidae) based on morphological characters and comparison with molecular phylogenies. Zootaxa. 3233: 52-66.
note: morphological phylogeny [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Bousfield, E. L. (1973). Shallow-water gammaridean Amphipoda of New England. Cornell University Press, Ithaca. 312 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

identification resource Zhang, J.; Holsinger, J. R. (2003). Systematics of the freshwater amphipod genus Crangonyx (Crangonyctidae) in North America. Virginia Museum of Natural History, Memoir. 6, 274 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source  (ofEucrangonyx Stebbing, 1899) Schellenberg A. (1930). Susswasseramphipoden der Falklandinseln nebst Bemerkungen uber Sternalkiemen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 91, 81-90. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Additional information Paleolimnic [details]

Environment Hypogean and epigean (mostly hypogean) [details]

Habitat Subterranean habitats, as well as sloughs, drainage ditches, wetland bogs, ponds {both temporary and permanent), lakes, surface streams, seeps, springs [details]

Taxonomic remark The use of the name ‘Spence Bate’ instead of ‘Bate’ is discussed herein. See page 201. [details]

Taxonomy The genus is made of six groups in North America: gracilis group, shoemakeri group, longicarpus group, richrnondensis group, insolitus group and forbesi group. [details]