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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis southerni Abdel-Moez & Humphries, 1955 
AphiaID: 338958

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereidiformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereididae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereidinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis southerni (Species)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlitta grandis (Stimpson, 1853)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis Linnaeus, 1758
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis southerni Abdel-Moez & Humphries, 1955
Sources  original description Abdel-Moez, M.K.; Humphries, C.F. (1955). A description of a new nereid - Nereis southerni. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section B: Biological, Geological, and Chemical Science. 57(11): 147-153., available online at http://www.jstor.org/stable/20518845
page(s): 147-153, figs. 1-6 [details]

source of synonymy Khlebovich, V. V., Komendantov, A. Yu and Shklyarevich, G. A. 1980. Validity of Nereis virens, N. grandis and N. brandti (Annelida, Polychaeta) and variations in the number of their paragnaths. Zoologicheskii zhurnal 59(11): 1617-1624.
page(s): 1621, table 1 [details]

Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Isefjord [details]
From editor or global species database
Irish Sea and St. George's Channel
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Sea [details]
Kattegat
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKattegat [details]
Specimen  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyntype NHMUK 1955.10.4.1-4, locality Isefjord (Kattegat, Denmark, Isefjord, Vellerup Vig (geocoordinates not provided, estimated with a gazetteer to be approximately lat. 55.735º, long. 11.865º); estuarine conditions, 30-40 cm depth in fine gray sand and clay) [details]
Link Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTo Syntypes at NHMUK 
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range Intertidal to subtidal in shallow water (30-40 cm depth).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Northeast Atlantic Ocean: Irish Sea (Malahide Inlet, Ireland); Kattegat (Isefjord and Roskildefjord, both at Denmark).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The species is named after Rowland Southern (b. Adlington, Lancashire, UK, 1882 - d. Dublin, Ireland, 13 December 1935), biologist and naturalist first at the Natural History Museum, Dublin, and later at the Fisheries Branch of the Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction (antecedent of the Fisheries Research Centre of the Irish Department of the Marine), and "whose work on the Annelida is universally recognised" (Abdel-Moez & Humphries, 1955: 153).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Estuarine conditions, in shallow water. At Malahide Inlet (Ireland) the adults were found in large number (up to 300 per square meter) subtidally in shallow water, in fine, muddy gray sand and clay, while the juveniles were found intertidally at different levels, either in fine sand or in an admixture of gravel and sand lying on a layer of estuarine mud. At Isefjord (Denmark) the species did not extend into the brackish regions, where Hediste diversicolor (O.F. Müller, 1776) were abundant, but it was spreading gradually in the whole region, at the expense of this latter species (Abdel-Moez & Humpries, 1955: 147).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Heteronereids found swarming from March to April, at Malahide Inlet (Ireland).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSynonymy The species was considered as a synonymy of Alitta virens (M. Sars, 1853) by various authors (e.g.: Hartman, 1959; Pettibone, 1963; Chambers & Garwood, 1992). Khlebovich et al. (1980) showed that it was a different species from A. virens and a junior synonym of Allita grandis (Stimpson, 1853). See also Khlebovich (1996: 112-113).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Current taxon junior synonym of species listed. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Kattegat, Denmark, Isefjord, Vellerup Vig (geocoordinates estimated as lat. 55.735º, long. 11.865º). According to Hartman (1959: 271) the type locality is "Ireland". The species was described with base on specimens from three different localities: 1) Irish Sea, Ireland, Malahide Inlet (geocoordinates estimated as lat. 53.453º, long. -6.148º); 2) Kattegat, Denmark, Isefjord, Vellerup Vig (geocoordinates estimated as lat. 55.735º, long. 11.865º); 3) Kattegat, Denmark, Roskildefjord, Frederikssund (geocoordinates estimated as lat. 55.839º, long. 12.043º). While it is clear from the original description that specimens from the three localities were used for the description of the species, type material and a type locality were not designated in the publication. However there are several specimens deposited at the NMHUK (1955.10.4.1-4) designated collectively as "TYPE", and collected at "Vellerup Vig, in fine gray sand and clay, 30-40 cm depth" by R.I. Smith. This way, this location should be considered as being the type locality.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:338958
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-03-18 12:55:09Z  created  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2016-01-14 11:07:09Z  changed  Gil, João
2016-01-14 15:25:39Z  changed  Gil, João
  
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  Citation: Gil, J. (2016). Nereis southerni Abdel-Moez & Humphries, 1955. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2016) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=338958 on 2016-12-10
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