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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Eupomatus) heterocerus Grube, 1868 [original] 
AphiaID: 338099

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSabellida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpulidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Eupomatus) (Subgenus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Eupomatus) heterocerus (Species)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (superseded original combination)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydroides heterocera (Grube, 1868)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Eupomatus)
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSerpula (Eupomatus) heterocerus Grube, 1868 [original]
Sources  original description Grube, A.E. 1868. Beschreibungen einiger von Georg Ritter von Frauenfeld gesammelter Anneliden und Gephyreen des rothen Meeres. Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 18: 629-650. Plates 7-8., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25254604
page(s): 639; note: as S. (Eupomatus) heterocerus original spelling [details]

source of synonymy Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]

Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Red Sea [details]
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology adjectival combination from latinised Greek 'hetero' (different) combined with 'cerus' (horn), presumably a reference to the opercular spines [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Serpula is feminine therefore Grube's 'heterocerus' ending appears to be a mismatch. Perhaps he was matching it to the subgenus. Some later authors introduced a 'heteroceros' ending, but this just appears to be a lapsus. Although '-ceros' epithet spellings exist, Grube's original spelling cannot be arbitrarily changed in this way. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Unspecified Red Sea, but perhaps northern Red Sea. Grube’s report was titled as Red Sea worms collected by Georg Ritter von Frauenfeld. Grube states in his opening sentence that the worms were handed to him without any other information, and unfortunately it seems he did not investigate this further. In the narrative of his visit von Frauenfeld (1855) mentions Suez, the Sinai Peninsula, and seeing countless annelids on the Red Sea shore, but does not match observation to locality. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:338099
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-03-18 12:55:09Z  created  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2015-08-05 23:02:39Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2016-03-30 22:58:57Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2016). Serpula (Eupomatus) heterocerus. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=338099 on 2017-05-22
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License