WoRMS taxon details

Pectinaria antipoda Schmarda, 1861

330431  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:330431)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 46, text figs, plate 24, figs 199, 199a; note: Port .Jackson (.Australien) im Meeressande, in drei bis vier Faden Tiefe [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in New South Wales  
type locality contained in New South Wales [details]
Note Neotype, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour,...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Neotype, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, Australia, exact location unknown, indicative geolocation -33.85, 151.267 (33°51'S 151°16'E). Schmarda (1861: 46) recorded the location as "Port .Jackson (.Australien) im Meeressande, in drei bis vier Faden Tiefe" thus in subtidal sand. [details]
Etymology Not stated. Antipodes is from Greek, from ἀντί (antí, “opposite”) + πούς (poús, “foot”). Schmarda used...  
Etymology Not stated. Antipodes is from Greek, from ἀντί (antí, “opposite”) + πούς (poús, “foot”). Schmarda used 'antipoda' twice as a species name, with the other species (Pelogenia antipoda) being collected in New Zealand, not Australia. Antipodes is a general term for points on earth diametrically opposite, but to Europeans loosely indicated the Australian and New Zealand region.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2020). World Polychaeta database. Pectinaria antipoda Schmarda, 1861. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=330431 on 2020-04-09
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Schmarda, L. K. (1861). Neue Wirbellose Thiere: Beobachted und Gesammelt auf einer Reise um die Erdr 1853 bis 1857. <em>In Turbellarien, Rotatorien und Anneliden. Leipzig, Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann.</em> Erster Band, Zweite Hälfte., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/neuewirbelloseth21861schm
page(s): 46, text figs, plate 24, figs 199, 199a; note: Port .Jackson (.Australien) im Meeressande, in drei bis vier Faden Tiefe [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Wong, Eunice; Hutchings, Pat A. (2015). New Records of Pectinariidae (Polychaeta) from Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef, Australia and the description of two new species. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4019(1): 733-744., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4019.1.25
page(s): 738, Fig. 4; note: Brief description and figures of new records from Lizard Island, Queensland [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

redescription Zhang, Jinghuai; Hutchings, Pat. (2019). A revision of Australian Pectinariidae (Polychaeta), with new species and new records. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4611(1): 1-70., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4611.1.1
page(s): 38; note: redescription, including of neotype of Hutchings & Peart, 2002 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Neotype NHMUK BMNH 1886.8.20.1, geounit Port Jackson [details]
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated. Antipodes is from Greek, from ἀντί (antí, “opposite”) + πούς (poús, “foot”). Schmarda used 'antipoda' twice as a species name, with the other species (Pelogenia antipoda) being collected in New Zealand, not Australia. Antipodes is a general term for points on earth diametrically opposite, but to Europeans loosely indicated the Australian and New Zealand region.  [details]

Neotype Schmarda’s type of P. antipoda could not be located by Hutching & Peart (2002: 116). They found three early-collected [pre 1886] specimens from Port Jackson from which to choose a neotype. They write: "They were collected by Dr Robert von Lendenfeld, an Austrian sponge worker who visited Australia in the 1880s, and although he established a laboratory in Melbourne on the shores of Port Phillip Bay, he also travelled to Sydney. These three specimens were collected from Port Jackson several decades after Schmarda’s material was collected, although no detailed location within the harbour is given. During this period, little development occurred within the harbour, so we have assumed that environmental conditions were similar to those at the time Schmarda’s material was collected. Another species of this genus, Pectinaria dodeka n.sp. (described in this paper), is also present in Sydney Harbour, but the material of Lendenfeld most closely resembles Augener’s material and that described by Nilsson and the brief description given by Schmarda (1861). To stabilise the name, we have designated a neotype of Pectinaria antipoda from among these three specimens, provided a full description and re-illustrated the species." [details]

Type locality Neotype, Port Jackson, Sydney Harbour, Australia, exact location unknown, indicative geolocation -33.85, 151.267 (33°51'S 151°16'E). Schmarda (1861: 46) recorded the location as "Port .Jackson (.Australien) im Meeressande, in drei bis vier Faden Tiefe" thus in subtidal sand. [details]