WoRMS taxon details

Sphenopidae Hertwig, 1882

266945  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:266945)

accepted
Family
Sphenopus Steenstrup, 1856 (type by monotypy)
Genus Palythoa Lamouroux, 1816
  » Species Palythoa aggregata Lesson, 1830
  » Species Palythoa anneae Carlgren, 1938
  » Species Palythoa anthoplax Pax & Müller, 1957
  » Species Palythoa arenacea Heller, 1868
  » Species Palythoa argus Ehrenberg, 1834
  » Species Palythoa aspera Pax, 1909
  » Species Palythoa atogrisea Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa australiae Carlgren, 1937
  » Species Palythoa australiensis Carlgren, 1950
  » Species Palythoa bertholeti Gray, 1867
  » Species Palythoa brasiliensis Heider, 1899
  » Species Palythoa braunsi Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa brochi Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa buitendijkl Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa caesia Dana, 1846
  » Species Palythoa calcaria Muller, 1883
  » Species Palythoa calcigena Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa calycina Pax, 1909
  » Species Palythoa canalifera Pax, 1908
  » Species Palythoa canariensis Haddon & Duerden, 1896
  » Species Palythoa cancrisocia Martens, 1876
  » Species Palythoa capensis Haddon & Duerden, 1896
  » Species Palythoa caracasiana Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
  » Species Palythoa ceresina Pax & Muller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa chlorostoma Pax & Muller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa cingulata Milne Edwards, 1857
  » Species Palythoa clavata (Duchassaing, 1850)
  » Species Palythoa complanata Carlgren, 1951
  » Species Palythoa congoensis Pax, 1952
  » Species Palythoa dartevellei Pax, 1952
  » Species Palythoa densa Carlgren, 1954
  » Species Palythoa denudata Dana, 1846
  » Species Palythoa dura Carlgren, 1920
  » Species Palythoa durbanensis Carlgren, 1938
  » Species Palythoa dysancrita Pax & Muller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa eremita Pax, 1920
  » Species Palythoa fatua Schultze, 1867
  » Species Palythoa flavoviridis Ehrenberg, 1834
  » Species Palythoa fuliginosa Dana, 1846
  » Species Palythoa fusca (Duerden, 1898)
  » Species Palythoa glareola (Lesueur, 1817)
  » Species Palythoa glutinosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
  » Species Palythoa grandiflora (Verrill, 1900)
  » Species Palythoa grandis (Verrill, 1900)
  » Species Palythoa gregorii Haddon & Duerden, 1896
  » Species Palythoa gridellii Pax & Muller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa guangdongensis Zunan, 1998
  » Species Palythoa guinensis von Koch, 1886
  » Species Palythoa haddoni Carlgren, 1937
  » Species Palythoa halidosis Pax, 1952
  » Species Palythoa hartmeyeri Pax, 1910
  » Species Palythoa heideri Carlgren, 1954
  » Species Palythoa heilprini (Verrill, 1900)
  » Species Palythoa heliodiscus (Ryland & Lancaster, 2003)
  » Species Palythoa horstii Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa howesii Haddon & Shackleton, 1891
  » Species Palythoa hypopelia Pax, 1909
  » Species Palythoa ignota Carlgren, 1951
  » Species Palythoa incerta Carlgren, 1900
  » Species Palythoa insignis Carlgren, 1951
  » Species Palythoa irregularis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
  » Species Palythoa isolata Verrill, 1907
  » Species Palythoa javanica Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa kochii Haddon & Shackleton, 1891
  » Species Palythoa leseuri Klunzinger, 1877
  » Species Palythoa leucochiton Pax & Muller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa liscia Haddon & Duerden, 1896
  » Species Palythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  » Species Palythoa mizigama Irei, Sinniger & Reimer, 2015
  » Species Palythoa monodi Pax & Muller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa multisulcata Carlgren, 1900
  » Species Palythoa mutuki (Haddon & Shackleton, 1891)
  » Species Palythoa natalensis Carlgren, 1938
  » Species Palythoa nelliae Pax, 1935
  » Species Palythoa nigricans McMurrich, 1898
  » Species Palythoa oorti Pax, 1924
  » Species Palythoa psammophilia Walsh & Bowers, 1971
  » Species Palythoa senegalensis Pax & Muller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa senegambiensis Carter, 1882
  » Species Palythoa shackletoni Carlgren, 1937
  » Species Palythoa sinensis Zunan, 1998
  » Species Palythoa singaporensis Pax & Müller, 1956
  » Species Palythoa spongiosa Andres, 1883
  » Species Palythoa stephensoni Carlgren, 1937
  » Species Palythoa texaensis Carlgren & Hedgpeth, 1952
  » Species Palythoa titanophila Pax & Müller, 1957
  » Species Palythoa toxica Walsh & Bowers, 1971
  » Species Palythoa tropica Carlgren, 1900
  » Species Palythoa tuberculosa (Esper, 1805)
  » Species Palythoa umbrosa Irei, Sinniger & Reimer, 2015
  » Species Palythoa variabilis (Duerden, 1898)
  » Species Palythoa wilsmoorei Wilsmore
  » Species Palythoa xishaensis Zunan, 1998
  » Species Palythoa yongei Carlgren, 1937
  » Species Palythoa zanzibarica Carlgren
  » Species Palythoa anduzii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa auricula (Lesueur, 1817) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa brevis Andres, 1883 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa caespitosa Endean, 1982 (taxon inquirendum, likely misspelling; likely unaccepted.)
  » Species Palythoa casigneta Walsh, 1967 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa distans (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1866) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa dubiae Walsh, 1967 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa eupaguri Marion, 1882 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa fulva Walsh, 1967 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa fulva (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa gigantea Cubit & Williams, 1983 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa glomerata Marion, 1882 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa lutea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa mcmurrichi (Haddon & Shackleton, 1891) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa olivascens Brandt, 1835 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa plana (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa vanikorensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa viridifusca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa viridis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Palythoa violacea Brüggemann, 1879 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Palythoa axinellae Schmidt, 1862 represented as Parazoanthus axinellae (Schmidt, 1862)
  » Species Palythoa canariense Wirtz, 1995 represented as Palythoa canariensis Haddon & Duerden, 1896
  » Species Palythoa caribaea Duerden, 1898 represented as Palythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
  » Species Palythoa caribbaea Goreau, 1959 represented as Palythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
  » Species Palythoa caribdea Carballeira et al., 1998 represented as Palythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
  » Species Palythoa coesia Milne Edwards, 1857 represented as Palythoa caesia Dana, 1846
  » Species Palythoa couchi Fischer, 1874 represented as Epizoanthus couchii (Johnston in Couch, 1844)
  » Species Palythoa anguicoma Norman, 1869 accepted as Parazoanthus anguicomus (Norman, 1868) (basionym)
  » Species Palythoa cavolinii Andres, 1883 accepted as Palythoa denudata Dana, 1846
  » Species Palythoa cinerea Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Palythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  » Species Palythoa flava (Lesueur, 1817) accepted as Palythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  » Species Palythoa ocellata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Palythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  » Species Palythoa riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) accepted as Palythoa heilprini (Verrill, 1900)
  » Species Palythoa stellata Lamouroux, 1821 accepted as Palythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
  » Species Palythoa tuberculata accepted as Isaurus tuberculatus Gray, 1828
Genus Sphenopus Steenstrup, 1856

Genus Protopalythoa Verrill, 1900 represented as Palythoa Lamouroux, 1816
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Reimer, J.; Sinniger, F. (2018). World List of Zoantharia. Sphenopidae Hertwig, 1882. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=266945 on 2018-06-25
Date
action
by
2008-01-09 13:56:12Z
created
2008-09-06 18:40:41Z
changed
2011-10-04 13:36:00Z
changed

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basis of record van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality