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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphenopidae Hertwig, 1882 
AphiaID: 266945

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorZoantharia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachycnemina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphenopidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphenopus Steenstrup, 1856 (type by monotypy)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachycnemina
Source  basis of record UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms, available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]

All child
taxa (140)

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 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa Lamouroux, 1816
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa aggregata Lesson, 1830
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa anneae Carlgren, 1938
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa anthoplax Pax & Müller, 1957
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa arenacea Heller, 1868
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa argus Ehrenberg, 1834
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa aspera Pax, 1909
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa atogrisea Pax, 1924
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa australiae Carlgren, 1937
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa australiensis Carlgren, 1950
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa bertholeti Gray, 1867
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa brasiliensis Heider, 1899
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa braunsi Pax, 1924
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa brochi Pax, 1924
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa buitendijkl Pax, 1924
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caesia Dana, 1846
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa calcaria Muller, 1883
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa calcigena Pax, 1924
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa calycina Pax, 1909
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa canalifera Pax, 1908
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa canariensis Haddon & Duerden, 1896
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa cancrisocia Martens, 1876
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa capensis Haddon & Duerden, 1896
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caracasiana Pax, 1924
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa ceresina Pax & Muller, 1956
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa chlorostoma Pax & Muller, 1956
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa cingulata Milne Edwards, 1857
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa clavata (Duchassaing, 1850)
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa complanata Carlgren, 1951
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa congoensis Pax, 1952
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa dartevellei Pax, 1952
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa densa Carlgren, 1954
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa denudata Dana, 1846
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa dura Carlgren, 1920
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa durbanensis Carlgren, 1938
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa dysancrita Pax & Muller, 1956
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa eremita Pax, 1920
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa fatua Schultze, 1867
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa flavoviridis Ehrenberg, 1834
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa fuliginosa Dana, 1846
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa fusca (Duerden, 1898)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa glareola (Lesueur, 1817)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa glutinosa Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa grandiflora (Verrill, 1900)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa grandis (Verrill, 1900)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa gregorii Haddon & Duerden, 1896
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa gridellii Pax & Muller, 1956
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa guangdongensis Zunan, 1998
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa guinensis von Koch, 1886
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa haddoni Carlgren, 1937
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa halidosis Pax, 1952
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa hartmeyeri Pax, 1910
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa heideri Carlgren, 1954
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa heilprini (Verrill, 1900)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa heliodiscus (Ryland & Lancaster, 2003)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa horstii Pax, 1924
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa howesii Haddon & Shackleton, 1891
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa hypopelia Pax, 1909
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa ignota Carlgren, 1951
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa incerta Carlgren, 1900
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa insignis Carlgren, 1951
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa irregularis Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa isolata Verrill, 1907
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa javanica Pax, 1924
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa kochii Haddon & Shackleton, 1891
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa leseuri Klunzinger, 1877
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa leucochiton Pax & Muller, 1956
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa liscia Haddon & Duerden, 1896
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa monodi Pax & Muller, 1956
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa multisulcata Carlgren, 1900
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa mutuki (Haddon & Shackleton, 1891)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa natalensis Carlgren, 1938
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa nelliae Pax, 1935
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa nigricans McMurrich, 1898
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa oorti Pax, 1924
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa psammophilia Walsh & Bowers, 1971
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa senegalensis Pax & Muller, 1956
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa senegambiensis Carter, 1882
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa shackletoni Carlgren, 1937
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa sinensis Zunan, 1998
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa singaporensis Pax & Müller, 1956
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa spongiosa Andres, 1883
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa stephensoni Carlgren, 1937
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa texaensis Carlgren & Hedgpeth, 1952
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa titanophila Pax & Müller, 1957
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa toxica Walsh & Bowers, 1971
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa tropica Carlgren, 1900
  » Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa tropica casigneta Pax, 1909
» Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa tropica sansibarica Pax, 1909
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa tuberculosa (Esper, 1791)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa variabilis (Duerden, 1898)
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa wilsmoorei Wilsmore
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa xishaensis Zunan, 1998
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa yongei Carlgren, 1937
» Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa zanzibarica Carlgren
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa anduzii (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa auricula (Lesueur, 1817) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa brevis Andres, 1883 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caespitosa Endean, 1982 (taxon inquirendum, likely misspelling; likely unaccepted.)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa casigneta Walsh, 1967 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa distans (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1866) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa dubiae Walsh, 1967 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa eupaguri Marion, 1882 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa fulva Walsh, 1967 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa fulva (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa gigantea Cubit & Williams, 1983 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa glomerata Marion, 1882 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa lutea (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa mcmurrichi (Haddon & Shackleton, 1891) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa olivascens Brandt, 1835 (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa plana (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa vanikorensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa viridifusca (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa viridis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (taxon inquirendum)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa axinellae Schmidt, 1862 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParazoanthus axinellae (Schmidt, 1862) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa canariense Wirtz, 1995 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa canariensis Haddon & Duerden, 1896 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caribaea Duerden, 1898 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caribbaea Goreau, 1959 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caribdea Carballeira et al., 1998 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caribaeorum (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa coesia Milne Edwards, 1857 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa caesia Dana, 1846 (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa couchi Fischer, 1874 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEpizoanthus couchii (Johnston in Couch, 1844) (alternate representation)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa anguicoma Norman, 1869 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParazoanthus anguicomus (Norman, 1868)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa cavolinii Andres, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa denudata Dana, 1846
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa cinerea Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa flava (Lesueur, 1817) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa ocellata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa riisei (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1860) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa heilprini (Verrill, 1900)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa stellata Lamouroux, 1821 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa mammillosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa tuberculata accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsaurus tuberculatus Gray, 1828
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphenopus Steenstrup, 1856
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphenopus arenaceus Hertwig, 1882
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphenopus marsupialis (Gmelin, 1791)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphenopus pedunculatus Hertwig, 1888

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtopalythoa Verrill, 1900 represented as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPalythoa Lamouroux, 1816 (alternate representation)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtopalythoa canariensis (Haddon & Duerden, 1896)
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtopalythoa grandis Verrill, 1900
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtopalythoa heliodiscus Ryland & Lancaster, 2003
» Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProtopalythoa variabilis (Duerden, 1898)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:266945
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-01-09 13:56:12Z  created  Decock, Wim
2008-09-06 18:40:41Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2011-10-04 13:36:00Z  changed  Reimer, James Davis
  
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  Citation: Reimer, J. (2014). Sphenopidae Hertwig, 1882. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=266945 on 2014-12-29
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License