WoRMS taxon details

Heterocyathus aequicostatus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848

216146  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:216146)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1848) Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   
Note unrecorded (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
Depth range 0-20 m  
Depth range 0-20 m [details]

Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a...  
Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola). The sipunculid moves the coral about on substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Polyps are extended only at night. Polyp larvae settle initially on dead micro-molluscs which become embedded in the corallum. Colour: pale brown, often with greenish oral disc. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more, usually in association with Heteropsammia cochlea and Cycloseris cyclolites. May be very abundant (up to 40 individuals per square metre). (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Heterocyathus aequicostatus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=216146 on 2018-08-15
Date
action
by
1997-10-31 12:32:54Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2010-08-20 12:17:25Z
checked
2014-04-21 21:22:42Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1848) Mémoire 2. Monographie des turbinolides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 9: 211-344, pls. 7-10. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus japonicus (Verrill, 1866)) Verrill AE. (1866). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Part III. Madreporaria. Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem. 5(3): 17-50, pls. 1-2., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103663#page/255/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus roussaeanus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 1. Observations sur la structure et le development des polypiers en général. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie. 9(4): 37-89. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus philippinensis Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus woodmasoni Alcock, 1893) Alcock, A. 1893. On some newly-recorded corals from the Indian Seas. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Natural History) 62: 138-149, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus oblongatus Rehberg, 1892) Rehberg, H. (1892). Neue und wenig bekannte Korallen. Abhandlungen aus dem Gebiete der Naturwissenschaften Hamburg. 12: 1-50. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus delicatus Sakakura, 1935) Sakakura K (1935) Les Héterocyathes fossiles de la Prefecture de Tiba, Japon (in Japanese). Journal of the Geolgical Society of Japan 42: 182-191, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus elongatus Hu, 1987 †) Hu CH (1987) Unusual fossil corals from Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan.— Memoirs of the Geological Society of China 8: 31-48, pls 1-3.  [details]   

original description  (ofStephanoseris lamellosa Verrill, 1865) Verrill, A.E. 1865. Classification of polyps (extract condensed from Synopsis of the Polyps and Corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under Commodore C. Ringgold and Captain John Rodgers, U.S.N.). Communications of the Essex Institute 4: 145–152., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/108003#page/363/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofStephanoseris japonicus Verrill, 1866) Verrill, A.E., 1866. Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N. from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. With descriptions of some additional species from the west coast of North America. Comm. Essex Inst. 5 : 17-50., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103663#page/255/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofStephanoseris carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus cochlea (Spengler, 1781)) Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

original description  (ofStephanoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains paleozoïques précédée d’un tableau général de la classification des polypes. Muséum National D’histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus philippensis Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus lamellosus (Verrill, 1865)) Verrill, A.E. 1865. Classification of polyps (extract condensed from Synopsis of the Polyps and Corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition under Commodore C. Ringgold and Captain John Rodgers, U.S.N.). Communications of the Essex Institute 4: 145–152., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/108003#page/363/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofPsammoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1851) Monographie des polypiers fossiles des terrains paleozoïques précédée d’un tableau général de la classification des polypes. Muséum National D’histoire Naturelle, Paris, Archives 5: 1–502, 20 pls. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus (Stephanoseris) carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus elberti Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Felix H (1913) Die fossilen Anthozoen aus der Umgegend von Trinil. Palaeontographica 60: 311- 365, pls 24-27. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus rousseaui (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus sandalinus Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. 1921. Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In: Martin K, ed. Die Fossilen von Java. Sammlungen Des Geologischen Reichsmuseums Leiden 1: 387–445, pls. 55–57. [details]   

original description  (ofHeterocyathus rembangensis Gerth, 1921 †) Gerth H. 1921. Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In: Martin K, ed. Die Fossilen von Java. Sammlungen Des Geologischen Reichsmuseums Leiden 1: 387–445, pls. 55–57. [details]   

basis of record Best, W.G., G. Faure & M. Pichon (1980). Contribution to the knowledge of the stony corals from the Seychelles and Eastern Africa. Rev. Zool. Afr. 94,3: 600 - 627. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. Journal of Natural History. 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., 2004. Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. Rec. Australian Mus., 56(3): 259-329, 12 pls. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

redescription Cairns, S.D., 1998. Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. Rec. of West. Austr. Mus. 18(4): 361-417, 9 pls.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus japonicus (Verrill, 1866)) Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofHeterocyathus japonicus (Verrill, 1866)) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofHeterocyathus roussaeanus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus philippinensis Semper, 1872) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofHeterocyathus philippinensis Semper, 1872) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHeterocyathus japonicus (Verrill, 1866)) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source  (ofHeterocyathus japonicus (Verrill, 1866)) Zibrowius H (1989) A new type of symbiosis: Heterocyathus japonicus (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) living on Fissidentalium vernedei (Mollusca: Scaphopoda). Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden 323: 319-340. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus roussaeanus Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus oblongatus Rehberg, 1892) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofHeterocyathus woodmasoni Alcock, 1893) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHeterocyathus woodmasoni Alcock, 1893) Soest RWM van (1979) A catalogue of the Coelenterate type specimens of the Zoological Museum of Amsterdam. IV. Gorgonacea, Actinaria, Scleractinia. Beaufortia 29: 81-126. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus delicatus Sakakura, 1935) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus delicatus Sakakura, 1935) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source  (ofStephanoseris lamellosa Verrill, 1865) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofStephanoseris lamellosa Verrill, 1865) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus elongatus Hu, 1987 †) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHeterocyathus elongatus Hu, 1987 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source  (ofHeterocyathus oblongatus Rehberg, 1892) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus woodmasoni Alcock, 1893) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus rembangensis Gerth, 1921 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus sandalinus Gerth, 1921 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus rousseaui (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHeterocyathus rousseaui (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Gerth H. 1921. Coelenterata. Anthozoa. In: Martin K, ed. Die Fossilen von Java. Sammlungen Des Geologischen Reichsmuseums Leiden 1: 387–445, pls. 55–57. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Sakakura K (1935) Les Héterocyathes fossiles de la Prefecture de Tiba, Japon (in Japanese). Journal of the Geolgical Society of Japan 42: 182-191, pl. 5. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus elberti Felix, 1913 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHeterocyathus aequicostatus elberti Felix, 1913 †) Sakakura K (1935) Les Héterocyathes fossiles de la Prefecture de Tiba, Japon (in Japanese). Journal of the Geolgical Society of Japan 42: 182-191, pl. 5. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus (Stephanoseris) carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHeterocyathus (Stephanoseris) carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Sakakura K (1935) Les Héterocyathes fossiles de la Prefecture de Tiba, Japon (in Japanese). Journal of the Geolgical Society of Japan 42: 182-191, pl. 5. [details]   

additional source  (ofHeterocyathus lamellosus (Verrill, 1865)) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus lamellosus (Verrill, 1865)) Marenzeller, E. von (1888) Ueber einige japanische Turbinoliiden. Annalen des K.K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums Wien 3: 15-22. [details]   

basis of record  (ofPsammoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus philippensis Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1881). Animal life as affected by the natural conditions of existence. New York, D. Appleton and Co. 1-498. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHeterocyathus philippensis Semper, 1872) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeterocyathus cochlea (Spengler, 1781)) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHeterocyathus cochlea (Spengler, 1781)) Gray, J. E. (1849). Description of some corals, including a new British coral discovered by W. Mac- Andrew, Esq. Proceedings Zoological Society of London. 17: 74-77. [details]   

basis of record  (ofStephanoseris rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofStephanoseris japonicus Verrill, 1866) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofStephanoseris japonicus Verrill, 1866) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source  (ofStephanoseris japonicus Verrill, 1866) Zibrowius H (1989) A new type of symbiosis: Heterocyathus japonicus (Cnidaria: Scleractinia) living on Fissidentalium vernedei (Mollusca: Scaphopoda). Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden 323: 319-340. [details]   

basis of record  (ofStephanoseris carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofStephanoseris carthausi Felix, 1913 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate or azooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Depth range 0-20 m [details]

Description Sometimes hermatypic. Corals are solitary, free-living, and have a flat base. They have a commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola). The sipunculid moves the coral about on substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Polyps are extended only at night. Polyp larvae settle initially on dead micro-molluscs which become embedded in the corallum. Colour: pale brown, often with greenish oral disc. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more, usually in association with Heteropsammia cochlea and Cycloseris cyclolites. May be very abundant (up to 40 individuals per square metre). (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Type locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English striped bum coral  [details]