WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)

207449  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207449)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora abdita Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are massive, either rounded or...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are massive, either rounded or hillocky. Walls are thick, calices are 7-12 mm in diameter, septa are straight, with prominent teeth. Colour: dark in turbid environments, other wise pale brown with green oral discs. Abundance: common and occupies a wide range of habitats with colonies frequently exceeding 1 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986).
Grows into large, rounded domes >l m in diameter. Corallites 7-14 mm across, cerioid, i.e. they share common walls, unlike Favia-though differentiating between these two genera in the field can be difficult. Colour: variable, ranging from greyish-green to reddish-brown, and has green oral discs. The fine septo-costal structure is evident when the polyps are contracted. Habitat: sheltered reefs (Richmond, 1997).
Also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
WoRMS (2010). Favites abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207449 on 2017-12-15

Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2010-01-29 12:56:37Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites robusta (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites virens (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniastrea seychellensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849)) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites astrinus Link, 1807) Link HF (1807) Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlungen der Universität zu Rostock. 3: 161-169. Adlers Erben, Rostock. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora abdita Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavastrea magnifica de Blainville, 1834) Blainville, H.M.D. De 1834. Manuel d’Actinologie ou de Zoophytologie. (F.G. Levrault: Paris, Strasbourg): Volume 1 (text),1-viii, 1-644; Volume 2 (atlas), pls I-C., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k981319/f3.image [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea fusco-viridis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) Quoy, J.R.C.; J.P. Gaimard. (1833). Zoologie IV: Zoophytes. In:Zoologie. Voyage de la corvette l'Astrolabe : exécuté par ordre du roi, pendant les années 1826-1827-1828-1829 / sous le commandement de J. Dumont d'Urville. pp. 1-390. Paris, J. Tastu., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18513#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea robusta Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea obtusata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea quoyi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea sulfurea Milne Edwards, 1857) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea profundicella Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea seychellensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea crassior Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea magnifica (de Blainville, 1834)) Blainville, H.M.D. De 1834. Manuel d’Actinologie ou de Zoophytologie. (F.G. Levrault: Paris, Strasbourg): Volume 1 (text),1-viii, 1-644; Volume 2 (atlas), pls I-C., available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k981319/f3.image [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834)) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea gibbosa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen: 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea robusta (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites virens (Dana, 1846)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites virens (Dana, 1846)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora abdita Ellis & Solander, 1786) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites astrinus Link, 1807) Budd, A.F., Fukami, H., Smith, N.D. & Knowlton, N. 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 465–529. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGoniastrea seychellensis (Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites robusta (Dana, 1846)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites robusta (Dana, 1846)) MacNae, W. & M. Kalk (eds). (1958). A natural history of Inhaca Island, Mozambique. Witwatersrand Univ. Press, Johannesburg. I-iv, 163 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea sulfurea Milne Edwards, 1857) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea quoyi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea obtusata Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea virens Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea virens Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea robusta Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea fusco-viridis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea magnifica (de Blainville, 1834)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea magnifica (de Blainville, 1834)) Studer T (1880) Beitrag zur Fauna der Steinkorallen von Singapore. Mittheilungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Bern 979: 15-53. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia hemprichii (Ehrenberg, 1834)) Matthai G. 1914. A revision of the recent colonial Astreidae possessing distinct corallites. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology 17: 1–140, pl. 1-38. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia abdita (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Matthai G. 1914. A revision of the recent colonial Astreidae possessing distinct corallites. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology 17: 1–140, pl. 1-38. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea robusta (Dana, 1846)) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea gibbosa Klunzinger, 1879) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea crassior Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea seychellensis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPrionastraea profundicella Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Chan, A. L. K.; Chan, K. K.; Choi, C. L. S.; McCorry, D.; Lee, M. W.; Ang, P. (2005). Field guide to hard corals of Hong Kong. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are massive, either rounded or hillocky. Walls are thick, calices are 7-12 mm in diameter, septa are straight, with prominent teeth. Colour: dark in turbid environments, other wise pale brown with green oral discs. Abundance: common and occupies a wide range of habitats with colonies frequently exceeding 1 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986).
Grows into large, rounded domes >l m in diameter. Corallites 7-14 mm across, cerioid, i.e. they share common walls, unlike Favia-though differentiating between these two genera in the field can be difficult. Colour: variable, ranging from greyish-green to reddish-brown, and has green oral discs. The fine septo-costal structure is evident when the polyps are contracted. Habitat: sheltered reefs (Richmond, 1997).
Also distributed in Australia in Kalk (1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCerioxynus bandensis Humes, 1979 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlarger star coral  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorカメノコキクメイシUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorオオカメノコキクメイシ [from synonym]  [details]