WoRMS taxon details

Merulina scheeri Head, 1983

207408  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207408)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Head, S.M. 1983. An undescribed species of Merulina and a new genus and species of siderastreid coral from the Red Sea. Journal of Natural History 17: 419-435. [details]   
Description This has small colonies which rarely exceed 30 cm across; they almost always comprise a single thick and fairly dense...  
Description This has small colonies which rarely exceed 30 cm across; they almost always comprise a single thick and fairly dense bracket or plate which projects downwards, lying parallel to the reef surface from an attachment point at the top. Calices are monocentric, resembling Goniastrea, and there is a tendency to run into meandroid series only near the edges of rapidly growing leaves. Walls are low, rounded and very broad relative to the calice width. Merulina scheeri lives in mid to deep water depths on all reef slopes. It grows well in conditions of poor light, whether because of depth or sediment, and is a constant component of low diversity areas in moderately deep, silted slopes. It is usually only found in shallow water where this is very sheltered. In the Red Sea, it occupies the same niche as Leptoseris and Pachyseris species. In several hundred examples seen underwater, only a very small minority showed the irregular, leafy or sub-ramose shapes common in M. ampliata colonies. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Merulina scheeri Head, 1983. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207408 on 2018-11-14
Date
action
by
1998-06-02 12:05:09Z
created
1998-06-03 09:30:54Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-05-25 07:31:03Z
changed

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original description Head, S.M. 1983. An undescribed species of Merulina and a new genus and species of siderastreid coral from the Red Sea. Journal of Natural History 17: 419-435. [details]   

basis of record Sheppard, C.R.C. (1998). Corals of the Indian Ocean: a taxonomic and distribution database for coral reef ecologists [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This has small colonies which rarely exceed 30 cm across; they almost always comprise a single thick and fairly dense bracket or plate which projects downwards, lying parallel to the reef surface from an attachment point at the top. Calices are monocentric, resembling Goniastrea, and there is a tendency to run into meandroid series only near the edges of rapidly growing leaves. Walls are low, rounded and very broad relative to the calice width. Merulina scheeri lives in mid to deep water depths on all reef slopes. It grows well in conditions of poor light, whether because of depth or sediment, and is a constant component of low diversity areas in moderately deep, silted slopes. It is usually only found in shallow water where this is very sheltered. In the Red Sea, it occupies the same niche as Leptoseris and Pachyseris species. In several hundred examples seen underwater, only a very small minority showed the irregular, leafy or sub-ramose shapes common in M. ampliata colonies. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>) [details]
 

LanguageName 
English crispy crust coral  [details]