WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora exesa (Pallas, 1766)

207403

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207403

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora exesa Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNote "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family...  
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family 'Faviidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The surface is covered with small monticules,...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The surface is covered with small monticules, small conical projections or pyramids. This species has large monticules, 3 to 5 mm tall and either 4 - 5 mm in diameter, or elongated, reaching 10 to 20 mm long. The colony is irregular in shape and form, being part massive but often with a foliaceous skirt. Many colonies also support irregular, nearly ramose projections. The species is widespread, being found in sheltered and moderately exposed habitats in particular, but also occurring from 10 to 25 m deep on exposed reef slopes. It is the less abundant of the two Hydnophora species, and is never common. Its living tissue is fairly fleshy, with visible tentacles in daytime (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, encrusting or sub-arborescent with much of this variation occurring in the one colony. Hydnophores are 5-8 mm in diameter. Colour: cream or dull green. Abundance: common, especially in lagoons and on protected reef slopes (Veron, 1986).
Characterised by a surface decorated with attractive conical, upright cones (hydnophores) and short ridges, 4-20 mm long and 3-5 mm tall. Grows as an encrustation with a tangle of short lumpy branches. Colour: pale creamy brown with light green valleys. Habitat: sheltered reefs and lagoons (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family 'Faviidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. (2013). Hydnophora exesa (Pallas, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207403 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-07 20:44:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora gyrosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1849). Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermediate des Pseudoastréides et a la famille des Fongides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 149: 636-637. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Forsskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora demidovii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Fischer von Waldheim G. (1807). Museum Demidoff, ou, Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l’art: données à l’Université Impériale de Moscou par son excellence Monsieur Paul de Demidoff. Vol. 3. Moscow: Imprimerie de Université Impériale de Moscou. 300 pp., 6 pls.  [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia folium Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora tenella Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina folium (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora exesa Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora palassii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Fischer von Waldheim G. (1807). Museum Demidoff, ou, Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l’art: données à l’Université Impériale de Moscou par son excellence Monsieur Paul de Demidoff. Vol. 3. Moscow: Imprimerie de Université Impériale de Moscou. 300 pp., 6 pls.  [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora lobata (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora maldivensis Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner J. S. (1904). Introduction, II. Astraeidae. In: Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge. 2: 736-790. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora polygonata (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1849). Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermediate des Pseudoastréides et a la famille des Fongides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 149: 636-637. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora tenella var. applanata Umbgrove, 1940) Umbgrove, J.H.F. 1940. Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes). Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 22: 265-310, pls. 21-35. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophorella contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Forsskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora demidoffi Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Fischer von Waldheim G. (1807). Museum Demidoff, ou, Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l’art: données à l’Université Impériale de Moscou par son excellence Monsieur Paul de Demidoff. Vol. 3. Moscow: Imprimerie de Université Impériale de Moscou. 300 pp., 6 pls.  [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Best, M. B.; Suharsono. (1991). New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 3. Species belonging to the Merulinidae with new records of Merulina and Boninastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden. 65: 333-342. [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora gyrosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora gyrosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) MacNae, W. & M. Kalk (eds). (1958). A natural history of Inhaca Island, Mozambique. Witwatersrand Univ. Press, Johannesburg. I-iv, 163 pp. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia folium Lamarck, 1816) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia folium Lamarck, 1816) Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina folium (Dana, 1846)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora tenella Quelch, 1886) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora lobata (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamouroux. (1821). Exposition méthodique des genres de l'ordre des polypiers : avec leur description et celle des principales espèces, figurées dans 84 planches, les 63 premières appartenant a l'Histoire naturelle des zoophytes d'ellis et solander / par J. Lamouroux. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43166#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora polygonata (Lamarck, 1816)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora lobata (Lamarck, 1816)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Bedot M (1907) Madreporaires d’Amboine. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 15: 143-292, pls. 5-50. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora palassii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Schweigger, A. F. (1820). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte der skelettlosen ungegliederten Thiere. Leipzig, Im Verlag der Dyk'schen Buchhandlung. 1-802., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59209 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia meandrina Lamarck, 1816) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia meandrina Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora exesa Pallas, 1766) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora demidovii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora demidovii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Budd, A.F., Fukami, H., Smith, N.D. & Knowlton, N. 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 465–529. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora polygonata (Lamarck, 1816)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora demidoffi Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophorella contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Gravier, C. (1911). Les récifs de coraux et les Madréporaires de la baie de Tadjourah (Golfe d'Aden). Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco. 2(3), 1-101, pls 1-12. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora maldivensis Gardiner, 1904) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora tenella var. applanata Umbgrove, 1940) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) AFCD. (2004). Ecological Status and Revised Species Records of Hong Kong’s Scleractinian Corals. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department,The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The surface is covered with small monticules, small conical projections or pyramids. This species has large monticules, 3 to 5 mm tall and either 4 - 5 mm in diameter, or elongated, reaching 10 to 20 mm long. The colony is irregular in shape and form, being part massive but often with a foliaceous skirt. Many colonies also support irregular, nearly ramose projections. The species is widespread, being found in sheltered and moderately exposed habitats in particular, but also occurring from 10 to 25 m deep on exposed reef slopes. It is the less abundant of the two Hydnophora species, and is never common. Its living tissue is fairly fleshy, with visible tentacles in daytime (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, encrusting or sub-arborescent with much of this variation occurring in the one colony. Hydnophores are 5-8 mm in diameter. Colour: cream or dull green. Abundance: common, especially in lagoons and on protected reef slopes (Veron, 1986).
Characterised by a surface decorated with attractive conical, upright cones (hydnophores) and short ridges, 4-20 mm long and 3-5 mm tall. Grows as an encrustation with a tangle of short lumpy branches. Colour: pale creamy brown with light green valleys. Habitat: sheltered reefs and lagoons (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family 'Faviidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanjakus hydnophorae Humes & Stock, 1972 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia comptula Humes & Dojiri, 1983 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia comptula Humes & Dojiri, 1983 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia curtata Humes & Dojiri, 1983 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia curtata Humes & Dojiri, 1983 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspine coral  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorトゲイボサンゴ  [details]