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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora exesa (Pallas, 1766) 
AphiaID: 207403

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora Fischer von Waldheim, 1807
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora contignatio Klunzinger, 1879 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora demidovii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 (synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora gyrosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora lobata (Lamarck, 1816) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora maldivensis Gardiner, 1904 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora palassii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora polygonata (Lamarck, 1816) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora tenella Quelch, 1886 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophora tenella var. applanata Umbgrove, 1940 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora exesa Pallas, 1766 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina folium (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia folium Lamarck, 1816 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonticularia meandrina Lamarck, 1816 (synonym)
Sources  basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspine coral  [details]
Environment marine, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPanjakus hydnophorae Humes & Stock, 1973 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia comptula Humes & Dojiri, 1983 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia curtata Humes & Dojiri, 1983 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia comptula Humes & Dojiri, 1983 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia curtata Humes & Dojiri, 1983 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (5 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (34 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (23 nucleotides; 10 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription The surface is covered with small monticules, small conical projections or pyramids. This species has large monticules, 3 to 5 mm tall and either 4 - 5 mm in diameter, or elongated, reaching 10 to 20 mm long. The colony is irregular in shape and form, being part massive but often with a foliaceous skirt. Many colonies also support irregular, nearly ramose projections. The species is widespread, being found in sheltered and moderately exposed habitats in particular, but also occurring from 10 to 25 m deep on exposed reef slopes. It is the less abundant of the two Hydnophora species, and is never common. Its living tissue is fairly fleshy, with visible tentacles in daytime (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, encrusting or sub-arborescent with much of this variation occurring in the one colony. Hydnophores are 5-8 mm in diameter. Colour: cream or dull green. Abundance: common, especially in lagoons and on protected reef slopes (Veron, 1986).
Characterised by a surface decorated with attractive conical, upright cones (hydnophores) and short ridges, 4-20 mm long and 3-5 mm tall. Grows as an encrustation with a tangle of short lumpy branches. Colour: pale creamy brown with light green valleys. Habitat: sheltered reefs and lagoons (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family 'Faviidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207403
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2013-09-07 20:44:15Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Hydnophora exesa (Pallas, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207403 on 2014-07-28
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