WoRMS taxon details

Hydnophora exesa (Pallas, 1766)

207403  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207403)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(ofMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofMadrepora exesa Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family...  
From other sources
Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family 'Faviidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
Description The surface is covered with small monticules, small conical projections or pyramids. This species has large monticules, 3...  
Description The surface is covered with small monticules, small conical projections or pyramids. This species has large monticules, 3 to 5 mm tall and either 4 - 5 mm in diameter, or elongated, reaching 10 to 20 mm long. The colony is irregular in shape and form, being part massive but often with a foliaceous skirt. Many colonies also support irregular, nearly ramose projections. The species is widespread, being found in sheltered and moderately exposed habitats in particular, but also occurring from 10 to 25 m deep on exposed reef slopes. It is the less abundant of the two Hydnophora species, and is never common. Its living tissue is fairly fleshy, with visible tentacles in daytime (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, encrusting or sub-arborescent with much of this variation occurring in the one colony. Hydnophores are 5-8 mm in diameter. Colour: cream or dull green. Abundance: common, especially in lagoons and on protected reef slopes (Veron, 1986).
Characterised by a surface decorated with attractive conical, upright cones (hydnophores) and short ridges, 4-20 mm long and 3-5 mm tall. Grows as an encrustation with a tangle of short lumpy branches. Colour: pale creamy brown with light green valleys. Habitat: sheltered reefs and lagoons (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
WoRMS (2018). Hydnophora exesa (Pallas, 1766). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207403 on 2018-02-19
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-07 20:44:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofHydnophora gyrosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1849). Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermediate des Pseudoastréides et a la famille des Fongides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 149: 636-637. [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Forsskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora demidovii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Fischer von Waldheim G. (1807). Museum Demidoff, ou, Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l’art: données à l’Université Impériale de Moscou par son excellence Monsieur Paul de Demidoff. Vol. 3. Moscow: Imprimerie de Université Impériale de Moscou. 300 pp., 6 pls.  [details]   

original description  (ofMonticularia folium Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora tenella Quelch, 1886) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

original description  (ofMerulina folium (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofMadrepora exesa Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofHydnophora palassii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Fischer von Waldheim G. (1807). Museum Demidoff, ou, Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l’art: données à l’Université Impériale de Moscou par son excellence Monsieur Paul de Demidoff. Vol. 3. Moscow: Imprimerie de Université Impériale de Moscou. 300 pp., 6 pls.  [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora lobata (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora polygonata (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1849). Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermediate des Pseudoastréides et a la famille des Fongides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 149: 636-637. [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora maldivensis Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner J. S. (1904). Introduction, II. Astraeidae. In: Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge. 2: 736-790. [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora tenella var. applanata Umbgrove, 1940) Umbgrove, J.H.F. 1940. Madreporaria from the Togian Reefs (Gulf of Tomini, North-Celebes). Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 22: 265-310, pls. 21-35. [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophorella contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Forsskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHydnophora demidoffi Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Fischer von Waldheim G. (1807). Museum Demidoff, ou, Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l’art: données à l’Université Impériale de Moscou par son excellence Monsieur Paul de Demidoff. Vol. 3. Moscow: Imprimerie de Université Impériale de Moscou. 300 pp., 6 pls.  [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Best, M. B.; Suharsono. (1991). New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 3. Species belonging to the Merulinidae with new records of Merulina and Boninastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden. 65: 333-342. [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source  (ofHydnophora gyrosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora gyrosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) MacNae, W. & M. Kalk (eds). (1958). A natural history of Inhaca Island, Mozambique. Witwatersrand Univ. Press, Johannesburg. I-iv, 163 pp. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofMonticularia folium Lamarck, 1816) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

basis of record  (ofMonticularia folium Lamarck, 1816) Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMerulina folium (Dana, 1846)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora tenella Quelch, 1886) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHydnophora contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHydnophora lobata (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamouroux. (1821). Exposition méthodique des genres de l'ordre des polypiers : avec leur description et celle des principales espèces, figurées dans 84 planches, les 63 premières appartenant a l'Histoire naturelle des zoophytes d'ellis et solander / par J. Lamouroux. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43166#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora polygonata (Lamarck, 1816)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHydnophora lobata (Lamarck, 1816)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Bedot M (1907) Madreporaires d’Amboine. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 15: 143-292, pls. 5-50. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHydnophora palassii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofMonticularia exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Schweigger, A. F. (1820). Handbuch der Naturgeschichte der skelettlosen ungegliederten Thiere. Leipzig, Im Verlag der Dyk'schen Buchhandlung. 1-802., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.59209 [details]   

basis of record  (ofMonticularia meandrina Lamarck, 1816) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofMonticularia meandrina Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophorella exesa (Pallas, 1766)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofMadrepora exesa Pallas, 1766) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHydnophora demidovii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora demidovii Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Budd, A.F., Fukami, H., Smith, N.D. & Knowlton, N. 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 465–529. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophorella contignatio (Forsskål, 1775)) Gravier, C. (1911). Les récifs de coraux et les Madréporaires de la baie de Tadjourah (Golfe d'Aden). Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco. 2(3), 1-101, pls 1-12. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora maldivensis Gardiner, 1904) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora tenella var. applanata Umbgrove, 1940) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHydnophora demidoffi Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Quelch, J.J. 1886. Report on the reef-corals collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–79. Zoology 16 (3): 1-203, pls. 1-12. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHydnophora polygonata (Lamarck, 1816)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

context source (HKRMS) AFCD. (2004). Ecological Status and Revised Species Records of Hong Kong’s Scleractinian Corals. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department,The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description The surface is covered with small monticules, small conical projections or pyramids. This species has large monticules, 3 to 5 mm tall and either 4 - 5 mm in diameter, or elongated, reaching 10 to 20 mm long. The colony is irregular in shape and form, being part massive but often with a foliaceous skirt. Many colonies also support irregular, nearly ramose projections. The species is widespread, being found in sheltered and moderately exposed habitats in particular, but also occurring from 10 to 25 m deep on exposed reef slopes. It is the less abundant of the two Hydnophora species, and is never common. Its living tissue is fairly fleshy, with visible tentacles in daytime (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, encrusting or sub-arborescent with much of this variation occurring in the one colony. Hydnophores are 5-8 mm in diameter. Colour: cream or dull green. Abundance: common, especially in lagoons and on protected reef slopes (Veron, 1986).
Characterised by a surface decorated with attractive conical, upright cones (hydnophores) and short ridges, 4-20 mm long and 3-5 mm tall. Grows as an encrustation with a tangle of short lumpy branches. Colour: pale creamy brown with light green valleys. Habitat: sheltered reefs and lagoons (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).
Family 'Faviidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English spine coral  [details]
Japanese トゲイボサンゴ  [details]