WoRMS name details

Symphyllia erythraea (Klunzinger, 1879)

207397  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207397)

 unaccepted (previous combination)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

(ofIsophyllia erythraea Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   
Description Monocentric calices are 6-13 mm diameter. Calices are fairly rounded and thick walled, but a varied and even a high...  
Description Monocentric calices are 6-13 mm diameter. Calices are fairly rounded and thick walled, but a varied and even a high proportion of calices are di- or tri-stomodaeal. Mature calices are up to 10 mm deep and have a well formed columella. There are two orders of septa, though the thinner, second order also usually reach the columella. Septa of adjacent septa may meet, though usually there is a groove separating calices. Septal spines are large and thick. This species is common in the Red Sea, occurring on reef slopes between 5 - 20 m deep. It forms nearly perfectly domed and spherical colonies up to 60 cm diameter, which also makes it conspicuous. Although this is a clear species, it has previously been regarded as a monocentric to tristomodaeal Acanthastrea. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Symphyllia erythraea (Klunzinger, 1879). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207397 on 2018-11-13
Date
action
by
1998-06-02 12:05:09Z
created
1998-06-04 15:30:02Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-05-30 16:29:19Z
changed
2016-10-16 10:22:57Z
changed

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original description Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofIsophyllia erythraea Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

basis of record Sheppard, C.R.C. (1998). Corals of the Indian Ocean: a taxonomic and distribution database for coral reef ecologists [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

new combination reference Huang D, Arrigoni R, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Stolarski J, Chou LM, Budd AF. (2016). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Lobophylliidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 178(3): 436-481., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12391 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Authority Authority given as in Sheppard 1998 <308>, main text; in the list, authority is given as (Head). [details]

Description Monocentric calices are 6-13 mm diameter. Calices are fairly rounded and thick walled, but a varied and even a high proportion of calices are di- or tri-stomodaeal. Mature calices are up to 10 mm deep and have a well formed columella. There are two orders of septa, though the thinner, second order also usually reach the columella. Septa of adjacent septa may meet, though usually there is a groove separating calices. Septal spines are large and thick. This species is common in the Red Sea, occurring on reef slopes between 5 - 20 m deep. It forms nearly perfectly domed and spherical colonies up to 60 cm diameter, which also makes it conspicuous. Although this is a clear species, it has previously been regarded as a monocentric to tristomodaeal Acanthastrea. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>) [details]
 

LanguageName 
English sinuous cup coral  [details]