WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea echinata (Dana, 1846)

207384 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207384)
accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea echinata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNote Fiji (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This species has calices whose diameters vary...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This species has calices whose diameters vary widely between about 10-25 mm. It has thickened septa with strong spines. Superficially, A. echinata is of similar shape and size as some Favites species, particularly F. complanata or F. flexuosa, but the spines are considerably thicker and sharper than in the latter genus. In addition, the living coral has a thick layer of fleshy tissue as is typical for mussids. The living colour is usually reddish brown, sometimes with green patches. This is a common species, especially in shallow water. Its habitats include crevices on exposed reef crests, down to 45 m depth, and in turbid water. It is thus very tolerant of a wide range of environments (Sheppard, 1998 <308>).
Corallites are cerioid or subplocoid, circular, with thick walls. When retracted, polyps have thick concentric folds. Colour: uniform dull brown, grey or green. Abundance: Common over a wide range of habitats. Rarely occurs over 1 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
All species of this genus have large, fleshy polyps and, when contracted, they have concentric folds. They form flat, dome-shaped colonies with a coarse honey-comb pattern. The septo-costae are toothed. Colour: varies from brown to grey or green, usually green oral discs. Habitat: diverse reef areas. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Fiji (Veron, 1986).  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
Hoeksema, B. (2013). Acanthastrea echinata (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207384 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-02 17:11:15Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea spinosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. 1848. Note sur la classification de la deuxième tribu de la famille des Astréides. Académie Des Sciences, Paris, Comptes Rendus 27: 490–497. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea echinata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrea echinata Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrea patula Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea hirsuta Milne Edwards, 1857) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea grandis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Milne Edwards H (1857) Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2: 1-631. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Huang D, Arrigoni R, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Stolarski J, Chou LM, Budd AF. (2016). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Lobophylliidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 178(3): 436-481., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12391 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea spinosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea grandis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea hirsuta Milne Edwards, 1857) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrea patula Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrea echinata Dana, 1846) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Ma TYH (1959) Effect of water temperature on growth rate of reef corals. Oceanographia Sinica Spec. Vol. 1: 1-116, pls. 1-320. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857)) Matthai G. 1914. A revision of the recent colonial Astreidae possessing distinct corallites. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology 17: 1–140, pl. 1-38. [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Chan, A. L. K.; Chan, K. K.; Choi, C. L. S.; McCorry, D.; Lee, M. W.; Ang, P. (2005). Field guide to hard corals of Hong Kong. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This species has calices whose diameters vary widely between about 10-25 mm. It has thickened septa with strong spines. Superficially, A. echinata is of similar shape and size as some Favites species, particularly F. complanata or F. flexuosa, but the spines are considerably thicker and sharper than in the latter genus. In addition, the living coral has a thick layer of fleshy tissue as is typical for mussids. The living colour is usually reddish brown, sometimes with green patches. This is a common species, especially in shallow water. Its habitats include crevices on exposed reef crests, down to 45 m depth, and in turbid water. It is thus very tolerant of a wide range of environments (Sheppard, 1998 <308>).
Corallites are cerioid or subplocoid, circular, with thick walls. When retracted, polyps have thick concentric folds. Colour: uniform dull brown, grey or green. Abundance: Common over a wide range of habitats. Rarely occurs over 1 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
All species of this genus have large, fleshy polyps and, when contracted, they have concentric folds. They form flat, dome-shaped colonies with a coarse honey-comb pattern. The septo-costae are toothed. Colour: varies from brown to grey or green, usually green oral discs. Habitat: diverse reef areas. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstarry cup coral  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorヒメオオトゲキクメイシ  [details]