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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea echinata (Dana, 1846) 
AphiaID: 207384

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLobophylliidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea echinata (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea grandis Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea hirsuta Milne Edwards, 1857 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea rotundoflora Chevalier, 1975 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcanthastrea spinosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstraea echinata Dana, 1846 (original combination, wrong genus spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrea echinata Dana, 1846 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAstrea patula Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavia hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFavites hirsuta (Milne Edwards, 1857) (synonym)
Sources  original description Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstarry cup coral  [details]
Environment marine, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Fiji [details]
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (6 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (16 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (29 nucleotides; 14 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This species has calices whose diameters vary widely between about 10-25 mm. It has thickened septa with strong spines. Superficially, A. echinata is of similar shape and size as some Favites species, particularly F. complanata or F. flexuosa, but the spines are considerably thicker and sharper than in the latter genus. In addition, the living coral has a thick layer of fleshy tissue as is typical for mussids. The living colour is usually reddish brown, sometimes with green patches. This is a common species, especially in shallow water. Its habitats include crevices on exposed reef crests, down to 45 m depth, and in turbid water. It is thus very tolerant of a wide range of environments (Sheppard, 1998 <308>).
Corallites are cerioid or subplocoid, circular, with thick walls. When retracted, polyps have thick concentric folds. Colour: uniform dull brown, grey or green. Abundance: Common over a wide range of habitats. Rarely occurs over 1 m in diameter. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
All species of this genus have large, fleshy polyps and, when contracted, they have concentric folds. They form flat, dome-shaped colonies with a coarse honey-comb pattern. The septo-costae are toothed. Colour: varies from brown to grey or green, usually green oral discs. Habitat: diverse reef areas. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Fiji (Veron, 1986). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207384
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2013-09-02 17:11:15Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Acanthastrea echinata (Dana, 1846). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207384 on 2014-11-27
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License