WoRMS taxon details

Pocillopora verrucosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786)

206954  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206954)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofMadrepora verrucosa Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description This species is distinguished from Pocillopora damicornis by having broader, club shaped or more flattened branches. It has...  
Description This species is distinguished from Pocillopora damicornis by having broader, club shaped or more flattened branches. It has true verrucae which are evenly sized and spaced. Pocillopora verrucosa occurs between the surface to 40 m deep. On fore reef slopes of moderate but not extreme exposure, it is extremely common, and helps to define clear coral communities in many sites. It is less tolerant of sedimented conditions than is P. damicornis so is much less abundant in lagoonal areas (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are composed of uniform upright branches clearly distinct from the verrucae, but the latter are irregular in size. They have permanently coloured red-brown stalks. Colour: Usually cream, pink or blue. Abundance: Common. Occurs in most shallow-water environments from fringing reefs to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
Colonies usually form hemispheres and grow in isolation. The stout branches (1-2 cm thick) radiate from a central holdfast and tend to be clubbed at their tips. Large verrucae up to 6 mm high, corallites 1 mm across. Colour: varies from pale lime-green or pink to dark brown or bluish-brown. Habitat: shallow reef areas (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Also distributed in Australia (Kalk, 1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Pocillopora verrucosa (Ellis & Solander, 1786). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206954 on 2018-11-20
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 12:24:58Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-29 20:29:36Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPocillopora hemprichi Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofPocillopora danae Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora verrucosa Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPocillopora aspera var. danae Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N. & M. Pichon (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. Volume I. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

additional source Gardiner JS (1897) On some collections of corals of the family Pocilloporidae from the S.W. Pacific-Ocean. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1897: 941-953, pls. 56-57. [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This species is distinguished from Pocillopora damicornis by having broader, club shaped or more flattened branches. It has true verrucae which are evenly sized and spaced. Pocillopora verrucosa occurs between the surface to 40 m deep. On fore reef slopes of moderate but not extreme exposure, it is extremely common, and helps to define clear coral communities in many sites. It is less tolerant of sedimented conditions than is P. damicornis so is much less abundant in lagoonal areas (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are composed of uniform upright branches clearly distinct from the verrucae, but the latter are irregular in size. They have permanently coloured red-brown stalks. Colour: Usually cream, pink or blue. Abundance: Common. Occurs in most shallow-water environments from fringing reefs to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
Colonies usually form hemispheres and grow in isolation. The stout branches (1-2 cm thick) radiate from a central holdfast and tend to be clubbed at their tips. Large verrucae up to 6 mm high, corallites 1 mm across. Colour: varies from pale lime-green or pink to dark brown or bluish-brown. Habitat: shallow reef areas (Richmond, 1997); rocks (Kalk, 1959).
Also distributed in Australia (Kalk, 1958).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Remark Type locality: Not recorded (Veron, 1986).
In family 'Seriatoporidae' in Kalk (1958). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English cauliflower coral  [details]
Japanese イボハダハナヤサイサンゴ  [details]