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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 206953

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocilloporidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora Lamarck, 1816
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834 (synonym)
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcauliflower coral  [details]
Direct child
taxa (3)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis bulbosa Ehrenburg
Subspecies Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis caespitosa

Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-Pacific [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius corallophilus Stock, 1966 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonocheres mauritianus Stock, 1966 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia fimbriata Humes, 1960 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia fissilis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia jugalis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia sectilis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia serrata Humes, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius littoralis Ummerkutty, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomacrochiron pocilloporae Kim I.H., 2004 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterocheres urabensis Kim I.H., 2004 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcontiophorus panamensis Kim I.H., 2004 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia fimbriata Humes, 1960 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia imparilis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia jugalis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia quinaria Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia serrata Humes, 1962 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus partenuipes Kim I.H., 2007 (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius minutus Kim I.H., 2003 (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius dissimilis Kim I.H., 2003 (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (7 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (88 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (760 nucleotides; 866 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches. As a result, Pocillopora damicornis exhibits greater branching than does P. verrucosa. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. Commonly forms monospecific, densely packed stands many tens of metres across in water 5 -10 m deep. The main habitat where it is not common is where exposure is high. By virtue of its wide depth range and its geographic distribution from this region to the Pacific coast of central America, it is a candidate for the most abundant coral species (Sheppard, 1998).
Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colour: Pale brown, greenish or pink. Abundance: Very common. Occurs in all shallow-water habitats from wharf piles and mangrove swamps to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
A finer species than P. verrucosa, in which the verrucae often are as big as the branches and the corallites 0.8-1 mm across. Colour: varies from pink to green, brown or pale straw. Habitat: reef flats and shallow water substrates (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: "Oceanus Asiatico" (Veron, 1986). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Pocillopora damicornis
Pocillopora damicornis
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1996-10-25 12:24:58Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2014-03-28 10:52:19Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206953 on 2014-12-28
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License