WoRMS taxon details

Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)

206953  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner...  
Description Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches. As a result, Pocillopora damicornis exhibits greater branching than does P. verrucosa. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. Commonly forms monospecific, densely packed stands many tens of metres across in water 5 -10 m deep. The main habitat where it is not common is where exposure is high. By virtue of its wide depth range and its geographic distribution from this region to the Pacific coast of central America, it is a candidate for the most abundant coral species (Sheppard, 1998).
Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colour: Pale brown, greenish or pink. Abundance: Very common. Occurs in all shallow-water habitats from wharf piles and mangrove swamps to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
A finer species than P. verrucosa, in which the verrucae often are as big as the branches and the corallites 0.8-1 mm across. Colour: varies from pink to green, brown or pale straw. Habitat: reef flats and shallow water substrates (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206953 on 2018-06-24
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 12:24:58Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-28 10:52:19Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofPocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofPocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofPocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofPocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N. & M. Pichon (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. Volume I. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofPocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source  (ofMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofPocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846) Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

basis of record  (ofPocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World., available online at http://hercules.kgs.ku.edu/Hexacoral/Anemone2/ [details]   

additional source  (ofPocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

basis of record  (ofPocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846) Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

additional source  (ofMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Veron, J.E.N. & M. Pichon (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. Volume I. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches. As a result, Pocillopora damicornis exhibits greater branching than does P. verrucosa. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. Commonly forms monospecific, densely packed stands many tens of metres across in water 5 -10 m deep. The main habitat where it is not common is where exposure is high. By virtue of its wide depth range and its geographic distribution from this region to the Pacific coast of central America, it is a candidate for the most abundant coral species (Sheppard, 1998).
Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colour: Pale brown, greenish or pink. Abundance: Very common. Occurs in all shallow-water habitats from wharf piles and mangrove swamps to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
A finer species than P. verrucosa, in which the verrucae often are as big as the branches and the corallites 0.8-1 mm across. Colour: varies from pink to green, brown or pale straw. Habitat: reef flats and shallow water substrates (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Remark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: "Oceanus Asiatico" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English cauliflower coral  [details]
Japanese ハナヤサイサンゴ  [details]