WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)

206953  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:206953)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches. As a result, Pocillopora damicornis exhibits greater branching than does P. verrucosa. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. Commonly forms monospecific, densely packed stands many tens of metres across in water 5 -10 m deep. The main habitat where it is not common is where exposure is high. By virtue of its wide depth range and its geographic distribution from this region to the Pacific coast of central America, it is a candidate for the most abundant coral species (Sheppard, 1998).
Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colour: Pale brown, greenish or pink. Abundance: Very common. Occurs in all shallow-water habitats from wharf piles and mangrove swamps to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
A finer species than P. verrucosa, in which the verrucae often are as big as the branches and the corallites 0.8-1 mm across. Colour: varies from pink to green, brown or pale straw. Habitat: reef flats and shallow water substrates (Richmond, 1997). [details]
Hoeksema, B. (2014). Pocillopora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206953 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
1996-10-25 12:24:58Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-28 10:52:19Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N. & M. Pichon (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. Volume I. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 59-101., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora damicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)) Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora cespitosa Dana, 1846) Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis caespitosa Dana, 1846) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World., available online at http://hercules.kgs.ku.edu/Hexacoral/Anemone2/ [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora favosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Veron, J.E.N. & M. Pichon (1976). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia. Part I. Families Thamnasteriidae, Astroceoniidae, Pocilloporidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. Volume I. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMillepora damicornis Linnaeus, 1758) Schmidt-Roach S, Miller KJ, Lundgren P, Andreakis N (2014) With eyes wide open: a revision of species within and closely related to the Pocillopora damicornis species complex (Scleractinia; Pocilloporidae) using morphology and genetics. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 170: 1-33. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPocillopora damicornis var. cespitosa Dana, 1846) Pillai CSG, Scheer G (1976) Report on the stony corals from the Maldive Archipelago. Results of the Xarifa Expedition 1957/58. Zoologica, Stuttgart 43 (126): 1-83, pls. 1-32. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are branched, usually less than 30 cm tall. The species is distinguished from other species by having thinner branches and less regular verrucae. While small, regular verrucae exist, most of the protuberances are irregular and, are often not true verrucae at all but are more like incipient branches. As a result, Pocillopora damicornis exhibits greater branching than does P. verrucosa. Pocillopora damicornis occurs at all depths between the surface and 40 m deep or more, and is particularly abundant between 5 to 20 m. It is equally abundant in lagoonal areas and clear water reef slopes. Commonly forms monospecific, densely packed stands many tens of metres across in water 5 -10 m deep. The main habitat where it is not common is where exposure is high. By virtue of its wide depth range and its geographic distribution from this region to the Pacific coast of central America, it is a candidate for the most abundant coral species (Sheppard, 1998).
Verrucae and branches intergrade. Branches may be fine and widely separated (in calm environments) to very compact (on upper reef slopes). Colour: Pale brown, greenish or pink. Abundance: Very common. Occurs in all shallow-water habitats from wharf piles and mangrove swamps to exposed reef fronts (Veron, 1986).
A finer species than P. verrucosa, in which the verrucae often are as big as the branches and the corallites 0.8-1 mm across. Colour: varies from pink to green, brown or pale straw. Habitat: reef flats and shallow water substrates (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: "Oceanus Asiatico" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcontiophorus panamensis Kim I.H., 2004 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteuthellopsis corallina Humes, 1981 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus partenuipes Kim I.H., 2007 (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsterocheres urabensis Kim I.H., 2004 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius corallophilus Stock, 1966 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius dissimilis Kim I.H., 2003 (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius littoralis Ummerkutty, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius minutus Kim I.H., 2003 (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonocheres mauritianus Stock, 1966 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudomacrochiron pocilloporae Kim I.H., 2004 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia fimbriata Humes, 1960 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia fimbriata Humes, 1960 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia fissilis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia imparilis Humes, 1985 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia imparilis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia jugalis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia jugalis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia quinaria Humes, 1985 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia quinaria Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia sectilis Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia serrata Humes, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia serrata Humes, 1962 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcauliflower coral  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorハナヤサイサンゴ  [details]