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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus Helbling, 1779 
AphiaID: 204324

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGastropoda (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCaenogastropoda (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeogastropoda (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBuccinoidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColubrariidae (Family)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (Invalid: Placed by the ICZN on the Official Index by Opinion 1765, See Nomenclature note below.)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia Bivona-Bernardi, 1838
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMurex intertextus Helbling, 1779
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColubrariidae Dall, 1904
Sources 
status source ICZN 1993. Opinion 1765. Fusus Helbling, 1779 (Mollusca, Gastropoda): suppressed, and Fusinus Rafinesque, 1815 and Colubraria Schumacher, 1817: conserved. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 51(2): 159-161., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12251905 [details]

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taxa (12)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus craticulatus Brocchi, 1814

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus adjunctus (Iredale, 1929) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia adjuncta (Iredale, 1929)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus alfredensis (Bartsch, 1915) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia alfredensis (Bartsch, 1915)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus bednalli (Brazier, 1875) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia bednalli (Brazier, 1875)
Species Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFusus brazieri (Angas, 1869) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia brazieri (Angas, 1869)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus gracilis (da Costa, 1778) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorColus gracilis (da Costa, 1778)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus linea Martyn, 1784 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBuccinulum linea (Martyn, 1784)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus lucasi Bozzetti, 2007 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia lucasi (Bozzetti, 2007)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus mestayerae Iredale, 1915 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia mestayerae (Iredale, 1915)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus rostratus (Olivi, 1792) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusinus rostratus (Olivi, 1792)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus schoutanicus (May, 1910) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia schoutanica (May, 1910)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFusus simonis Bozzetti, 2004 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCumia simonis (Bozzetti, 2004)
Environment marine
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature Historically, the name Fusus was used rather indiscriminately for any kind of spindle-shaped shell, for species now placed throughout the families of Buccinoidea and beyond (Muricoidea and even some Conoidea). However, there were several nomenclatural establishments of the name.
1. Fusus Helbling, 1779, has been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765 (1994, Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51(2): 159-161), i.e. it cannot be used as a valid name. The type species of Fusus Helbling is Murex intertextus Helbling, 1779, and it belongs in the family Colubrariidae.
2. Fusus Bruguière, 1789, is invalid because it is a junior homonym of Fusus Helbling, 1779, and it has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765. The type species (by subsequent monotypy) of Fusus Bruguière is Murex colus Linnaeus, 1758, and it belongs in the family Fasciolariidae.
3. It is uncertain whether Röding really intended to establish a new genus or whether he merely used the Fusus of Helbling (unlikely) or Bruguière (probably). Whatever, Fusus Röding, 1798, has also been placed on the Official Index by Opinion 1765.

To summarize, the name Fusus, in whatever taxonomical sense, is now invalid.
Rafinesque (1815) had substituted "Fusus Lamarck" [= Fusus Bruguière] with the name Fusinus. Fusinus then becomes the valid name for the species congeneric with Murex colus Linnaeus, 1759, i.e. Fusinus colus (Linnaeus, 1758). However, many of the species historically placed in Fusus are not congeneric or even confamilial with Fusinus colus.

When databasing names in WoRMS, it is not clear to which of the different Fusus an author originally combined a specific epithet. We have arbitrarily attributed to Fusus Helbling the specific epithets of species now placed in Colubrariidae, and we have attributed to Fusus Bruguière all the others.
 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:204324
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2001-11-24 14:09:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2002-01-03 17:22:09Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2009-06-12 13:26:20Z  changed  Houart, Roland
2009-12-29 13:46:33Z  changed  Tran, Bastien
2010-07-05 09:58:42Z  changed  Tran, Bastien
2010-08-31 06:44:05Z  checked  Bouchet, Philippe
2010-09-29 16:09:11Z  changed  Bouchet, Philippe
  
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  Citation: Bouchet, P. (2014). Fusus Helbling, 1779. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204324 on 2014-08-28
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License