WoRMS taxon details

Pheronema hemisphaericum (Gray, 1873)

171567  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:171567)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Gray, J.E. 1873c. On two new Free Sponges from Singapore. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 11 (63): 234-235. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofCinachyrella hemisphaerica (Gray, 1873)) Gray, J.E. 1873c. On two new Free Sponges from Singapore. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 11 (63): 234-235. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofLabaria hemisphaerica Gray, 1873) Carter, H.J. (1873). Description of Labaria hemisphaerica, Gray, a new Species of Hexactinellid Sponge, with Observations on it and the Sarcohexactinellid Sponges generally. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4) 11(64): 275-286. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Cebu, Philippines, There is confusion over the...  
Type locality Cebu, Philippines [details]
Type locality There is confusion over the type locality of Labaria (=Pheronema) hemisphaericum. See Gray, 1873c, Carter, 1873a and 1873c, Higgin, 1875a.
The sequence is that Gray says he believes the specimen of Labaria hemisphaerica (along with four specimens of 'Tethya') was collected by Dr A.B. Meyer from Singapore.
Subsequently Carter 1873a redescribed Labaria hemisphaerica, repeating that the specimen was obtained from Singapore.
Subsequently, Carter 1873c mentioned Labaria hemisphaerica from Cebu, Philippines. He does not explain this change of locality, but there was no additional specimen, so we must assume it is the same as Gray's material.
Subsequently, Higgin, 1875a (AMNH (4) 15: 377) cited Dr A.B. Meyer (in AMNH (4) 13: 66) where further data were provided on the precise locality: Talisay, island of Cebu, Philippines. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Pheronema hemisphaericum (Gray, 1873). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=171567 on 2018-04-23
Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2008-11-14 12:17:38Z
changed
2010-12-08 09:38:31Z
changed

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original description Gray, J.E. 1873c. On two new Free Sponges from Singapore. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 11 (63): 234-235. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofCinachyrella hemisphaerica (Gray, 1873)) Gray, J.E. 1873c. On two new Free Sponges from Singapore. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 11 (63): 234-235. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLabaria hemisphaerica Gray, 1873) Carter, H.J. (1873). Description of Labaria hemisphaerica, Gray, a new Species of Hexactinellid Sponge, with Observations on it and the Sarcohexactinellid Sponges generally. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4) 11(64): 275-286. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Carter, H.J. (1873). Description of Labaria hemisphaerica, Gray, a new Species of Hexactinellid Sponge, with Observations on it and the Sarcohexactinellid Sponges generally. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4) 11(64): 275-286. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Higgin, T. 1875a. On two Hexactinellid Sponges from the Philippine Islands in the Liverpool Free Museum with Remarks by H.J. Carter. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 15(90): 377-390, pls XXI - XXII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofCinachyrella hemisphaerica (Gray, 1873)) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Rützler, K. 2002. Family Tetillidae Sollas, 1888. Pp. 85-98. In: Hooper JNA, Van Soest RWM (eds) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer, Plenum, New York, pp. i-xlviii, 1-1704. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofLabaria hemisphaerica Gray, 1873) Gray, J.E. 1873c. On two new Free Sponges from Singapore. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 11 (63): 234-235. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Type locality Cebu, Philippines [details]

Type locality There is confusion over the type locality of Labaria (=Pheronema) hemisphaericum. See Gray, 1873c, Carter, 1873a and 1873c, Higgin, 1875a.
The sequence is that Gray says he believes the specimen of Labaria hemisphaerica (along with four specimens of 'Tethya') was collected by Dr A.B. Meyer from Singapore.
Subsequently Carter 1873a redescribed Labaria hemisphaerica, repeating that the specimen was obtained from Singapore.
Subsequently, Carter 1873c mentioned Labaria hemisphaerica from Cebu, Philippines. He does not explain this change of locality, but there was no additional specimen, so we must assume it is the same as Gray's material.
Subsequently, Higgin, 1875a (AMNH (4) 15: 377) cited Dr A.B. Meyer (in AMNH (4) 13: 66) where further data were provided on the precise locality: Talisay, island of Cebu, Philippines. [details]

From other sources
Holotype BMNH [details]