WoRMS taxon details

Pheronema hemisphaericum (Gray, 1873)

171567  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:171567)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Labaria hemisphaerica Gray, 1873) Carter, H.J. (1873). Description of <i>Labaria hemisphaerica</i>, Gray, a new Species of Hexactinellid Sponge, with Observations on it and the Sarcohexactinellid Sponges generally. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (4) 11(64): 275-286. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Eastern Philippines  
type locality contained in Eastern Philippines [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Note Cebu, Philippines, There is confusion over the...  
Type locality Cebu, Philippines [details]
Type locality There is confusion over the type locality of Labaria (=Pheronema) hemisphaericum. See Gray, 1873c, Carter, 1873a and 1873c, Higgin, 1875a.
The sequence is that Gray says he believes the specimen of Labaria hemisphaerica (along with four specimens of 'Tethya') was collected by Dr A.B. Meyer from Singapore.
Subsequently Carter 1873a redescribed Labaria hemisphaerica, repeating that the specimen was obtained from Singapore.
Subsequently, Carter 1873c mentioned Labaria hemisphaerica from Cebu, Philippines. He does not explain this change of locality, but there was no additional specimen, so we must assume it is the same as Gray's material.
Subsequently, Higgin, 1875a (AMNH (4) 15: 377) cited Dr A.B. Meyer (in AMNH (4) 13: 66) where further data were provided on the precise locality: Talisay, island of Cebu, Philippines. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Pheronema hemisphaericum (Gray, 1873). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=171567 on 2020-08-04
Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2008-11-14 12:17:38Z
changed
2010-12-08 09:38:31Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Labaria hemisphaerica Gray, 1873) Carter, H.J. (1873). Description of <i>Labaria hemisphaerica</i>, Gray, a new Species of Hexactinellid Sponge, with Observations on it and the Sarcohexactinellid Sponges generally. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (4) 11(64): 275-286. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Schulze, F.E. (1887). Report on the Hexactinellida collected by H.M.S. ‘Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 21 (part 53): 1-514, pl. 1-104., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-53/README.htm
page(s): 246-248 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Schulze, F.E. (1893). Revision des Systemes der Hyalonematiden. <em>Sitzungsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> 30: 541-589.
page(s): 565 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Higgin, T. (1875). On two Hexactinellid Sponges from the Philippine Islands in the Liverpool Free Museum with Remarks by H.J. Carter. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (4) 15(90): 377-390, pls XXI - XXII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Type locality Cebu, Philippines [details]

Type locality There is confusion over the type locality of Labaria (=Pheronema) hemisphaericum. See Gray, 1873c, Carter, 1873a and 1873c, Higgin, 1875a.
The sequence is that Gray says he believes the specimen of Labaria hemisphaerica (along with four specimens of 'Tethya') was collected by Dr A.B. Meyer from Singapore.
Subsequently Carter 1873a redescribed Labaria hemisphaerica, repeating that the specimen was obtained from Singapore.
Subsequently, Carter 1873c mentioned Labaria hemisphaerica from Cebu, Philippines. He does not explain this change of locality, but there was no additional specimen, so we must assume it is the same as Gray's material.
Subsequently, Higgin, 1875a (AMNH (4) 15: 377) cited Dr A.B. Meyer (in AMNH (4) 13: 66) where further data were provided on the precise locality: Talisay, island of Cebu, Philippines. [details]

From other sources
Holotype BMNH [details]