WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParaonis pygoenigmatica Jones, 1968

157523  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:157523)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Jones, Meredith L. (1968). Paraonis pygoenigmatica new species, a new annelid from Massachusetts (Polychaeta: Paraonidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 81: 323-334., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/107600#page/343/mode/1up
page(s): 327-332, figs. 1-23 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype  USNM 37457, locality Cape Cod Bay (Cape Cod...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype USNM 37457, locality Cape Cod Bay (Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, Atlantic coast of USA, Sta. SEP 1910-E3 (41º48.7'N, 70º04.6'W); about 7 m, hard-packed sand) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, Atlantic coast of...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, Atlantic coast of USA (41.8117, -70.0767), at about 7 m depth, in hard-packed sand.  [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType material Deposited in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA (holotype USNM 37457; 6 paratypes USNM 37458). [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 6-13 m.  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 6-13 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: Cape Cod Bay (Massachussets) to Gulf of Mexico (Florida).  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: Cape Cod Bay (Massachussets) to Gulf of Mexico (Florida). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The specific epithet pygoenigmatica is composed by the Greek root pygo-, meaning 'rear end' or 'the posterior part of the...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The specific epithet pygoenigmatica is composed by the Greek root pygo-, meaning 'rear end' or 'the posterior part of the body', and the word enigmatica, form of the the Latin adjective aenigmatica (masculine: aenigmaticus) and meaning 'inexplicable', 'enigmatic', or 'obscure', and refers to the occurrence of pygidia with supernumerary anal cirri. [details]
WoRMS (2008). Paraonis pygoenigmatica Jones, 1968. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=157523 on 2018-01-18

Date
action
by
2005-05-23 07:30:30Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Jones, Meredith L. (1968). Paraonis pygoenigmatica new species, a new annelid from Massachusetts (Polychaeta: Paraonidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 81: 323-334., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/107600#page/343/mode/1up
page(s): 327-332, figs. 1-23 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Uebelacker, Joan M.; Johnson, Paul G. (eds). (1984). Taxonomic guide to the polychaetes of the Northern Gulf of Mexico. Final report to the Minerals Management Service, contract 14-12-001-29091. Volumes 1-7, Barry M. Vittor & Associates. Mobile, Alabama., available online at https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/002201750 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity. Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at http://goo.gl/auMxy9 [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

redescription Strelzov, V.E. (1973). МНОГОЩЕТИНКОВЫЕ ЧЕРВИ семейства Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 [Polychaete worms of the family Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909 (Polychaeta, Sedentaria)]. Akademia Nauk. Moscow. 1-170., available online at http://herba.msu.ru/shipunov/school/books/streltsov1973_paraonidae.pdf
page(s): 54, figs. 18.2, 20F-J [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype USNM 37457, locality Cape Cod Bay (Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, Atlantic coast of USA, Sta. SEP 1910-E3 (41º48.7'N, 70º04.6'W); about 7 m, hard-packed sand) [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParatype USNM 37458, locality Cape Cod Bay (Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, Atlantic coast of USA, Sta. SEP 1910-E3 (41º48.7'N, 70º04.6'W); about 7 m, hard-packed sand) [details]
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 6-13 m. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: Cape Cod Bay (Massachussets) to Gulf of Mexico (Florida). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The specific epithet pygoenigmatica is composed by the Greek root pygo-, meaning 'rear end' or 'the posterior part of the body', and the word enigmatica, form of the the Latin adjective aenigmatica (masculine: aenigmaticus) and meaning 'inexplicable', 'enigmatic', or 'obscure', and refers to the occurrence of pygidia with supernumerary anal cirri. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Compact sandy substrate at shallow water. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction One specimen from Cape Cod Bay ovigerous, incomplete posteriorly, 7 mm long for 62 chaetigers, 0.25 mm at its widest.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts, Atlantic coast of USA (41.8117, -70.0767), at about 7 m depth, in hard-packed sand.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType material Deposited in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, USA (holotype USNM 37457; 6 paratypes USNM 37458). [details]
 

Feeding Type
adult: deposit feeder: subsurface [details]