WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIphionidae Kinberg, 1856

155222  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:155222)

accepted
Family
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383[as Iphionea] [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (2012). Iphionidae Kinberg, 1856. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=155222 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2005-04-25 07:40:18Z
created
2007-01-22 09:31:04Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2012-09-19 03:31:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1856). Nya slägten och arter af Annelider, Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhhandlingar Stockholm, 12 (9-10), 381-388 [read 1855; printed 1856]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/54201#page/395/mode/1up
page(s): 383[as Iphionea] [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

status source Baird, William 1865. Contributions toward a monograph of the species of Annelides belonging to the Aphroditacea, containing a list of the known species, and a description of some new species contained in the national collection of the British Museum. Journal of the Linnean Society of London 8: 172-202., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31601914
page(s): 181 [details]   

status source Pettibone, Marian H. (1986). Review of the Iphioninae (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) and revision of Iphione cimex Quatrefages, Gattyana deludens Fauvel and Harmothoe iphionelloides Johnson (Harmothoinae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 428: 1-43., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.428 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Norlinder, E.; Nygren, A.; Wiklund, H.; Pleijel, F. (2012). Phylogeny of scale-worms (Aphroditiformia, Annelida), assessed from 18SrRNA, 28SrRNA, 16SrRNA, mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI), and morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 65(2): 490-500., available online at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2012.07.002
page(s): 498 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Alongside other well-accepted scaleworm families Kinberg (1856) included the family Iphionea [note spelling] for new genus Iphione for I. ovata n.sp. and I. muricata, formerly Eumolpe muricata. In her thorough review of the nomenclatural history Pettibone (1986:5) preferred to assign Baird (1865) as author of the family, on the sound basis that he first used Iphionidae with the 'idae' standard form of family name. However, Kinberg had recognised the taxon as a family-level group, and the code does not exclude early variant family name spellings based on the type genus. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Raised from previous subfamily status (Iphioninae) within Polynoidae by Norlinder et al. (2012) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis According to Gonzalez et al (2017 - edited quote) Iphionidae is distinct in morphology among Aphroditiformia for the "presence of stacked/feathered notochaetae. Additional characters included the loss of a median antenna and the presence of areolae or lattice-like structures on the elytra". Molecular results place these iphionid genera alongside Pholoe-group, and separated from polynoids and sigalionids [details]
 



Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]