WoRMS name details

Staurocephalus Grube, 1855

154941  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:154941)

 unaccepted (junior homonym, replaced by synonym)
Genus
Species Staurocephalus brachyceros Grube, 1878
Species Staurocephalus brevipinnis Grube, 1878
Species Staurocephalus filicornis Grube, 1878
Species Staurocephalus grubei Kinberg, 1865
Species Staurocephalus microphthalmus Grube, 1880

Subgenus Staurocephalus (Dorvillea) accepted as Dorvillea Parfitt, 1866 (invalid parent genus)
  » Species Staurocephalus (Dorvillea) gardineri Crossland, 1924 accepted as Dorvillea gardineri (Crossland, 1924) (superseded original combination)
  » Species Staurocephalus (Dorvillea) similis Crossland, 1924 accepted as Dorvillea similis (Crossland, 1924) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus atlanticus McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Protodorvillea atlantica (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus australiensis McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Dorvillea australiensis (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus australis Haswell, 1886 accepted as Schistomeringos australis (Haswell, 1886) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus caecus Webster & Benedict, 1884 accepted as Parougia caeca (Webster & Benedict, 1884) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus cerasinus Ehlers, 1901 accepted as Dorvillea cerasina (Ehlers, 1901) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus chiaji Claparède, 1868 accepted as Schistomeringos rudolphi (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Staurocephalus ciliatus (Keferstein, 1862) accepted as Schistomeringos rudolphi (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (superseded subsequent recombination of subjective synonym)
Species Staurocephalus erucaeformis Malmgren, 1865 accepted as Dorvillea rubrovittata (Grube, 1855) (basionym)
Species Staurocephalus gregaricus Mayer, 1900 accepted as Eunice fucata Ehlers, 1887 (subjective synonym)
Species Staurocephalus hyalinus Jakubova, 1930 accepted as Protodorvillea kefersteini (McIntosh, 1869) (subjective synonym)
Species Staurocephalus japonica Annenkova, 1937 accepted as Schistomeringos japonica (Annenkova, 1937) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus kefersteini McIntosh, 1869 accepted as Protodorvillea kefersteini (McIntosh, 1869) (basionym)
Species Staurocephalus loveni Kinberg, 1865 accepted as Schistomeringos loveni (Kinberg, 1865) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus matsushimaensis Okuda in Okuda & Yamada, 1954 accepted as Schistomeringos matsushimaensis (Okuda in Okuda & Yamada, 1954) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus minimus Langerhans, 1884 accepted as Ophryotrocha puerilis Claparède & Mecznikow, 1869 (subjective synonym)
Species Staurocephalus neglectus Fauvel, 1923 accepted as Schistomeringos neglecta (Fauvel, 1923) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus pallidus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Schistomeringos rudolphi (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (subjective synonym)
Species Staurocephalus rubrovittatus Grube, 1855 accepted as Dorvillea rubrovittata (Grube, 1855) (synonym)
Species Staurocephalus rudolphii [Auct. misspelling] accepted as Schistomeringos rudolphi (Delle Chiaje, 1828) (superseded recombination, misspelled)
Species Staurocephalus siberti McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Ophryotrocha puerilis siberti (McIntosh, 1885) (superseded original combination)
Species Staurocephalus sociabilis Webster, 1879 accepted as Dorvillea sociabilis (Webster, 1879) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Grube, Adolph Eduard. (1855). Beschreibungen neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 21(1): 81-136, plates III-V., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6651100
page(s): 97 [details]   
Homonymy Junior homonym to Staurocephalus Barrande 1846, a fossil trilobite published in "Not. prél. Silur., 52" fide Nomenclator...  
Homonymy Junior homonym to Staurocephalus Barrande 1846, a fossil trilobite published in "Not. prél. Silur., 52" fide Nomenclator Zoologicus.

Hilbig (1995:342 atlas) wrote regarding the homonymy of Staurocephalus that "Staurocephalus, erected by Grube in 1855, was found to be preoccupied by Verrill (1900), and he proposed Stauronereis (and the family name Stauronereidae) as a replacement. However, since he also changed the type species from S. rubrovittatus to S. rudolphi (which had actually been described as Nereis rudolphi by delle Chiaje in 1828, he violated an ICZN rule, and the genus Stauronereis became invalid. McIntosh (1910) moved S. rubrovittatus to Dorvillea, a genus established by Parfitt in 1866 with the type-species Dorvillea lobata, which McIntosh synonymized with Stauronereis [sic. error for Staurocephalus] rubrovittatus."

However, the history is not exactly as Hilbig described. McIntosh (1910:101) in fact continued Staurocephalus as valid, with Dorvillea lobata as a synonym of Staurocephalus rubrovittatus. It was Chamberlin (1919:339) who clarified the matter, and made Dorvillea Parfitt, 1866 the synonym which replaced the junior homonym Staurocephalus. Stauronereis Verrill 1900 (the new name proposed for Staurocephalus), is not invalidated because Verrill 'violated an ICZN rule' (See Stauronereis entry for explanation). Stauronereis was used as valid for some time, but is ultimately unneeded as a replacement name because the name Dorvillea became a synonym, and it pre-dated Stauronereis, and was thus the correct available replacement name. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Staurocephalus Grube, 1855. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=154941 on 2018-10-22
Date
action
by
2005-04-21 14:12:09Z
created
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2014-03-05 21:36:45Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Grube, Adolph Eduard. (1855). Beschreibungen neuer oder wenig bekannter Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 21(1): 81-136, plates III-V., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6651100
page(s): 97 [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   
From editor or global species database
Homonymy Junior homonym to Staurocephalus Barrande 1846, a fossil trilobite published in "Not. prél. Silur., 52" fide Nomenclator Zoologicus.

Hilbig (1995:342 atlas) wrote regarding the homonymy of Staurocephalus that "Staurocephalus, erected by Grube in 1855, was found to be preoccupied by Verrill (1900), and he proposed Stauronereis (and the family name Stauronereidae) as a replacement. However, since he also changed the type species from S. rubrovittatus to S. rudolphi (which had actually been described as Nereis rudolphi by delle Chiaje in 1828, he violated an ICZN rule, and the genus Stauronereis became invalid. McIntosh (1910) moved S. rubrovittatus to Dorvillea, a genus established by Parfitt in 1866 with the type-species Dorvillea lobata, which McIntosh synonymized with Stauronereis [sic. error for Staurocephalus] rubrovittatus."

However, the history is not exactly as Hilbig described. McIntosh (1910:101) in fact continued Staurocephalus as valid, with Dorvillea lobata as a synonym of Staurocephalus rubrovittatus. It was Chamberlin (1919:339) who clarified the matter, and made Dorvillea Parfitt, 1866 the synonym which replaced the junior homonym Staurocephalus. Stauronereis Verrill 1900 (the new name proposed for Staurocephalus), is not invalidated because Verrill 'violated an ICZN rule' (See Stauronereis entry for explanation). Stauronereis was used as valid for some time, but is ultimately unneeded as a replacement name because the name Dorvillea became a synonym, and it pre-dated Stauronereis, and was thus the correct available replacement name. [details]