WoRMS taxon details

Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1835

151383  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:151383)

accepted
Family
Subfamily Astronotinae
Genus Chromis Günther, 1862 accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840 (synonym)
Subfamily Cichlasomatinae Kullander, 1998 accepted as Cichlinae Bonaparte, 1835
Subfamily Cichlidae incertae sedis
Subfamily Cichlinae Bonaparte, 1835
  » Genus Acarichthys Eigenmann, 1912
  » Genus Acaronia Myers, 1940
  » Genus Acharnes Müller & Troschel, 1849 accepted as Cichla Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Genus Aequidens Eigenmann & Bray, 1894
  » Genus Amatitlania Schmitter-Soto, 2007
  » Genus Amphilophus Agassiz, 1859
  » Genus Andinoacara Musilová, Říĉan & Novák, 2009
  » Genus Apistogramma Regan, 1913
  » Genus Apistogrammoides Meinken, 1965
  » Genus Archocentrus Gill, 1877
  » Genus Astatheros Pellegrin, 1904
  » Genus Astronotus Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Australoheros Rícan & Kullander, 2006
  » Genus Biotodoma Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
  » Genus Biotoecus Eigenmann & Kennedy, 1903
  » Genus Bujurquina Kullander, 1986
  » Genus Caquetaia Fowler, 1945
  » Genus Chaetobranchopsis Steindachner, 1875
  » Genus Chaetobranchus Heckel, 1840
  » Genus Chiapaheros McMahan & Piller, 2015
  » Genus Chocoheros Říčan & Piálek, 2016
  » Genus Chortiheros Říčan & Dragová, 2016
  » Genus Cichla Bloch & Schneider, 1801
  » Genus Cichlasoma Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Cichlosoma accepted as Cichlasoma Swainson, 1839 (misspelling)
  » Genus Cincelichthys McMahan & Piller, 2015
  » Genus Cleithracara Kullander & Nijssen, 1989
  » Genus Congolapia Dunz, Vreven & Schliewen, 2012
  » Genus Crenicara Steindachner, 1875
  » Genus Crenicichla Heckel, 1840
  » Genus Cribroheros Říčan & Piálek, 2016
  » Genus Cryptoheros Allgayer, 2001
  » Genus Darienheros Říčan & Novák, 2016
  » Genus Dicrossus Steindachner, 1875
  » Genus Geophagus Heckel, 1840
  » Genus Guianacara Kullander & Nijssen, 1989
  » Genus Gymnogeophagus Miranda Ribeiro, 1918
  » Genus Herichthys Baird & Girard, 1854
  » Genus Heroina Kullander, 1996
  » Genus Heros Heckel, 1840
  » Genus Hoplarchus Kaup, 1860
  » Genus Hypselecara Kullander, 1986
  » Genus Hypsophrys Agassiz, 1859
  » Genus Isthmoheros Říčan & Novák, 2016
  » Genus Ivanacara Römer & Hahn, 2007
  » Genus Kihnichthys McMahan & Matamoros, 2015
  » Genus Krobia Kullander & Nijssen, 1989
  » Genus Kronoheros Říčan & Piálek, 2016
  » Genus Laetacara Kullander, 1986
  » Genus Maskaheros McMahan & Piller, 2015
  » Genus Mayaheros Říčan & Piálek, 2016
  » Genus Mazarunia Kullander, 1990
  » Genus Mesoheros McMahan & Chakrabarty, 2015
  » Genus Mesonauta Günther, 1862
  » Genus Mikrogeophagus Meulengracht-Madsen, 1968
  » Genus Nandopsis Gill, 1862
  » Genus Nannacara Regan, 1905
  » Genus Nosferatu De la Maza-Benignos, Ornelas-Garcia, Lozano-Vilanio, García-Ramírex et al., 2014
  » Genus Oscura McMahan & Chakrabarty, 2015
  » Genus Parachromis Agassiz, 1859
  » Genus Paraneetroplus Regan, 1905
  » Genus Petenia Günther, 1862
  » Genus Pterophyllum Heckel, 1840
  » Genus Retroculus Eigenmann & Bray, 1894
  » Genus Rheoheros McMahan & Matamoros, 2015
  » Genus Rocio Schmitter-Soto, 2007
  » Genus Rondonacara Ottoni & Mattos, 2015
  » Genus Satanoperca Günther, 1862
  » Genus Symphysodon Heckel, 1840
  » Genus Taeniacara Myers, 1935
  » Genus Tahuantinsuyoa Kullander, 1986
  » Genus Talamancaheros Říčan & Novák, 2016
  » Genus Teleocichla Kullander, 1988
  » Genus Theraps Günther, 1862
  » Genus Thorichthys Meek, 1904
  » Genus Tomocichla Regan, 1908
  » Genus Trichromis McMahan & Chakrabarty, 2015
  » Genus Uaru Heckel, 1840
  » Genus Wajpamheros Říčan & Piálek, 2016
Genus Cromis accepted as Chromis Cuvier, 1814 (misspelling)
Subfamily Etroplinae Kullander, 1998
Subfamily Geophaginae Haseman, 1911 accepted as Cichlinae Bonaparte, 1835
Subfamily Heterochromidinae Kullander, 1998 accepted as Pseudocrenilabrinae Fowler, 1934
Genus Ophthalmochromis Poll, 1956 accepted as Ophthalmotilapia Pellegrin, 1904
Subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae Fowler, 1934
  » Genus Abactochromis Oliver & Arnegard, 2010
  » Genus Alcolapia Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969
  » Genus Allochromis Greenwood, 1980
  » Genus Alticorpus Stauffer & McKaye, 1988
  » Genus Altolamprologus Poll, 1986
  » Genus Anomalochromis Greenwood, 1985
  » Genus Aristochromis Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Astatoreochromis Pellegrin, 1904
  » Genus Astatotilapia Pellegrin, 1904
  » Genus Aulonocara Regan, 1922
  » Genus Aulonocranus Regan, 1920
  » Genus Baileychromis Poll, 1986
  » Genus Bathybates Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Benitochromis Lamboj, 2001
  » Genus Benthochromis Poll, 1986
  » Genus Boulengerochromis Pellegrin, 1904
  » Genus Buccochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Callochromis Regan, 1920
  » Genus Caprichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Cardiopharynx Poll, 1942
  » Genus Chalinochromis Poll, 1974
  » Genus Champsochromis Boulenger, 1915
  » Genus Cheilochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Chetia Trewavas, 1961
  » Genus Chilochromis Boulenger, 1902
  » Genus Chilotilapia Boulenger, 1908
  » Genus Chromidotilapia Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Coelotilapia Dunz & Schliewen, 2013
  » Genus Congochromis Stiassny & Schliewen, 2007
  » Genus Copadichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Coptodon Gervais, 1853 accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840 (synonym)
  » Genus Coptodus accepted as Coptodon Gervais, 1853 accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840 (lapsus calami)
  » Genus Corematodus Boulenger, 1897
  » Genus Ctenochromis Pfeffer, 1893
  » Genus Ctenopharynx Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Cunningtonia Boulenger, 1906
  » Genus Cyathochromis Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Cyathopharynx Regan, 1920
  » Genus Cyclopharynx Poll, 1948
  » Genus Cynotilapia Regan, 1922
  » Genus Cyphotilapia Regan, 1920
  » Genus Cyprichromis Scheuermann, 1977
  » Genus Cyrtocara Boulenger, 1902
  » Genus Danakilia Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969
  » Genus Dimidiochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Diplotaxodon Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Divandu Lamboj & Snoeks, 2000
  » Genus Docimodus Boulenger, 1897
  » Genus Eclectochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Ectodus Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Enantiopus Boulenger, 1906
  » Genus Enigmatochromis Lamboj, 2009
  » Genus Eretmodus Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Etia Schliewen & Stiassny, 2003
  » Genus Exochochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Fossorochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Gaurochromis Greenwood, 1980
  » Genus Genyochromis Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Gephyrochromis Boulenger, 1901
  » Genus Gnathochromis Poll, 1981
  » Genus Gobiocichla Kanazawa, 1951
  » Genus Grammatotria Boulenger, 1899
  » Genus Greenwoodochromis Poll, 1983
  » Genus Haligenes Günther, 1860 accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840
  » Genus Haplochromis Hilgendorf, 1888
  » Genus Haplotaxodon Boulenger, 1906
  » Genus Hemibates Regan, 1920
  » Genus Hemichromis Peters, 1857
  » Genus Hemitaeniochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Hemitilapia Boulenger, 1902
  » Genus Heterochromis Regan, 1922
  » Genus Heterotilapia Regan, 1920 accepted as Herotilapia Pellegrin, 1904 accepted as Archocentrus Gill, 1877 (Objectively invalid; preoccupied)
  » Genus Hoplotilapia Hilgendorf, 1888
  » Genus Interochromis Yamaoka, Hori & Kuwamura, 1998
  » Genus Iodotropheus Oliver & Loiselle, 1972
  » Genus Iranocichla Coad, 1982
  » Genus Julidochromis Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Konia Trewavas, 1972
  » Genus Labeotropheus Ahl, 1926
  » Genus Labidochromis Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Lamprologus Schilthuis, 1891
  » Genus Lepidiolamprologus Pellegrin, 1904
  » Genus Leptochromis Bleeker, 1875 accepted as Pseudochromis Rüppell, 1835
  » Genus Lestradea Poll, 1943
  » Genus Lethrinops Regan, 1922
  » Genus Lichnochromis Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Limbochromis Greenwood, 1987
  » Genus Limnochromis Regan, 1920
  » Genus Limnotilapia Regan, 1920
  » Genus Lithochromis Lippitsch & Seehausen, 1998
  » Genus Lobochilotes Boulenger, 1915
  » Genus Macropleurodus Regan, 1922
  » Genus Maravichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Maylandia Meyer & Foerster, 1984
  » Genus Mbipia Lippitsch & Seehausen, 1998
  » Genus Mchenga Stauffer & Konings, 2006
  » Genus Melanochromis Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Melanogenes Bleeker, 1863 accepted as Sarotherodon Rüppell, 1852
  » Genus Microchromis Johnson, 1975
  » Genus Myaka Trewavas, 1972
  » Genus Mylochromis Regan, 1920
  » Genus Naevochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Nanochromis Pellegrin, 1904
  » Genus Neochromis Regan, 1920
  » Genus Neolamprologus Colombé & Allgayer, 1985
  » Genus Neotilapia Regan, 1920 accepted as Oreochromis Günther, 1889
  » Genus Nimbochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Nyassachromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Ophthalmotilapia Pellegrin, 1904
  » Genus Oreochromis Günther, 1889
  » Genus Orthochromis Greenwood, 1954
  » Genus Otopharynx Regan, 1920
  » Genus Pallidochromis Turner, 1994
  » Genus Paracyprichromis Poll, 1986
  » Genus Paralabidochromis Greenwood, 1956
  » Genus Parananochromis Greenwood, 1987
  » Genus Pelmatochromis Steindachner, 1894
  » Genus Pelmatolapia Thys van den Audenaerde, 1969
  » Genus Pelvicachromis Thys van den Audenaerde, 1968
  » Genus Perissodus Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Petrochromis Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Petrotilapia Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Pharyngochromis Greenwood, 1979
  » Genus Placidochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Platytaeniodus Boulenger, 1906
  » Genus Plecodus Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Protomelas Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Pseudocrenilabrus Fowler, 1934
  » Genus Pseudosimochromis Nelissen, 1977
  » Genus Pseudotropheus Regan, 1922
  » Genus Pterochromis Trewavas, 1973
  » Genus Pundamilia Seehausen & Lippitsch, 1998
  » Genus Pungu Trewavas, 1972
  » Genus Pyxichromis Greenwood, 1980
  » Genus Reganochromis Whitley, 1929
  » Genus Rhamphochromis Regan, 1922
  » Genus Sargochromis Regan, 1920
  » Genus Sarotherodon Rüppell, 1852
  » Genus Sarothredon accepted as Sarotherodon Rüppell, 1852 (misspelling)
  » Genus Schubotzia Boulenger, 1914
  » Genus Schwetzochromis Poll, 1948
  » Genus Sciaenochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Serranochromis Regan, 1920
  » Genus Simochromis Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Spathodus Boulenger, 1900
  » Genus Steatocranus Boulenger, 1899
  » Genus Stigmatochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Stomatepia Trewavas, 1962
  » Genus Taeniochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Taeniolethrinops Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Tangachromis Poll, 1981
  » Genus Tanganicodus Poll, 1950
  » Genus Telapia accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840 (misspelling)
  » Genus Teleogramma Boulenger, 1899
  » Genus Telmatochromis Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Thoracochromis Greenwood, 1979
  » Genus Thysochromis Daget, 1988
  » Genus Tilapia Smith, 1840
  » Genus Tramitichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Trematocara Boulenger, 1899
  » Genus Trematochromis Poll, 1987
  » Genus Trematocranus Trewavas, 1935
  » Genus Triglachromis Poll & Thys van den Audenaerde, 1974
  » Genus Tristramella Trewavas, 1942
  » Genus Tropheops Trewavas, 1984
  » Genus Tropheus Boulenger, 1898
  » Genus Tylochromis Regan, 1920
  » Genus Tyrannochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
  » Genus Variabilichromis Colombé & Allgayer, 1985
  » Genus Xenochromis Boulenger, 1899
  » Genus Xenotilapia Boulenger, 1899
  » Genus Yssichromis Greenwood, 1980
Subfamily Ptychochrominae Sparks, 2004
Subfamily Retroculinae Kullander, 1998 accepted as Cichlinae Bonaparte, 1835
  » Genus Acara Heckel, 1840 accepted as Astronotus Swainson, 1839
  » Genus Chromys accepted as Chromis Günther, 1862 accepted as Tilapia Smith, 1840 (misspelling)
Description Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India. Some...  
Description Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India. Some species widely introduced. Body shape quite variable, mostly moderately deep and compressed. A nostril on each side of head. Interrupted lateral line. Scales in lateral lines may be over 100, usually 20-50. Dorsal fin usually with 7-25 spines and 5-30 soft rays. Spines in anal fin 3-15 (generally 3); soft rays 4-15 (a few with 30). Subocular shelf absent. About 80 cm maximum length, in Boulengerochromis microlepis. Colorful cichlids are reared as aquarium fish. Breeding activities highly organized. Parental care in 3 forms: mouthbrooding, substratebrooding, and substratebrooding of eggs then mouthbrooding of young. Species flocks are reported from Africa. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2018). FishBase. Cichlidae Bonaparte, 1835. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=151383 on 2018-04-25
Date
action
by
2005-04-06 10:22:32Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed

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taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. Zootaxa. 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R.; van der Laan, R. (eds). (2017). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
From other sources
Description Distribution: Central and South America, Texas (1 species), West Indies, Africa, Madagascar, Syria, and coastal India. Some species widely introduced. Body shape quite variable, mostly moderately deep and compressed. A nostril on each side of head. Interrupted lateral line. Scales in lateral lines may be over 100, usually 20-50. Dorsal fin usually with 7-25 spines and 5-30 soft rays. Spines in anal fin 3-15 (generally 3); soft rays 4-15 (a few with 30). Subocular shelf absent. About 80 cm maximum length, in Boulengerochromis microlepis. Colorful cichlids are reared as aquarium fish. Breeding activities highly organized. Parental care in 3 forms: mouthbrooding, substratebrooding, and substratebrooding of eggs then mouthbrooding of young. Species flocks are reported from Africa. [details]
 



LanguageName 
English cichlids  [details]