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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 141919

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria Schumacher, 1817
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCrassivenus mercenaria Perkins, 1869
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria cancellata Gabb, 1860
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria fulgurans Tryon, 1865
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria kennicotti Dall, 1872 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria rutila Sternheimer, 1957
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria rutila rarilineata Sternheimer, 1957
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMercenaria violacea Schumacher, 1817
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus cyprinoides Anton, 1838
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus mercenaria Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus mercenaria var. alba Dall, 1902
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus mercenaria var. antiqua Verrill, 1875 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus mercenaria var. radiata Dall, 1902
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus mercenaria var. subradiata Palmer, 1927
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus notata Say, 1822
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus obliqua Anton, 1837
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus submercenaria Palmer, 1927
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVenus ziczac Pearse, 1936
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAmerikaanse venusschelp  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorthern quahogUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlittle necksUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhard shellUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhard clamUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcherry stones  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorquahogUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpalourde américaineUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorclam  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorquahog  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorclame-redondaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoramêijoa-mercenária  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
Belgium
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgium (introduced: alien[details]
Celtic Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorCeltic Sea (introduced: alien[details]
English Channel
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorManche (introduced: alien[details]
France
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorFrance (introduced: alien[details]
Ireland
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIreland (introduced: alien[details]
Italy
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorItaly (introduced: alien[details]
Netherlands
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNetherlands (introduced: alien[details]
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorNorth Sea (introduced: alien[details]
United Kingdom
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited Kingdom (introduced: alien[details]
United States
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorUnited States (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
Adriatic Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Adriatic [details]
Canada
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBirch Cove [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSam Orr Pond [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea (introduced: alien[details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea (introduced: alien[details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Coast of England [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Coast of England [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic Europe (introduced: alien[details]
Feedingtype  suspension feeder [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilicola porrecta Humes, 1954 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOstrincola gracilis Wilson C.B., 1944 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyocheres major (Williams, 1907) [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDelivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (152 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (150 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FAO Cultured Aquatic species fact sheets 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FAO Species fact sheets 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (391 nucleotides; 152 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Bivalves of the British Isles webpage at National Museum of Wales 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Mollusca Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Rare [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United Kingdom (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in United Kingdom (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In United Kingdom (Nation) : localised fishery [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : localised fishery [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Fisheries: deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish to establish or support fishery [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: general [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in English Channel (IHO Sea Area) : Shipping [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in North Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Fisheries: accidental as bait
Originally imported as eel bait. Spread through UK via larval dispersal on water currents. Dumping and deliberate introduction attempts by fishermen and fishery scientists also influence its spread. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in United Kingdom (Nation) : Ships: general [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions reaches 7.5 to 12 cm in size [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Newfoundland to Florida and Texas [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat intertidal and infralittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance used for chowders [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction separate sexes, usually not dimorphic in shell structure; fertilization occurs within the mantle cavity anf young hatch as pelagic larvae (generalized for group) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralien species The natural range of distribution of the northern quahog Mercenaria mercenaria spreads along the east coast of the United States, but the species was intentionally introduced in France in 1861 for farming purpose. The northern quahog was later introduced into several other European countries with the same goal. Later on, the species was often transported by accident together with oysters. The first Belgian specimens were found in the Spuikom in Ostend around 1933. In the 1990’s and the start of this century, the species was reintroduced several times for farming purposes. [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
To ANSP Malacology Collection
To ANSP Malacology Col...
[image hosted externally; from synonym]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show all]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:141919
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
  
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  Citation: Gofas, S. (2014). Mercenaria mercenaria. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=141919 on 2014-09-19
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License