WoRMS taxon details

Sterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758

JPG file
 

137162  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137162)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Description Length: 31-38 cm. Plumage: tail, rump, back and wings pale grey; collar on hindneck and below white; black cap on head;...  
Description Length: 31-38 cm. Plumage: tail, rump, back and wings pale grey; collar on hindneck and below white; black cap on head; forehead white in non-breeding bird; tail does not extend beyond wings; outer web of outer primary and tips of primaries diffuse black. Immature like adult but with some brown remaining from juvenile plumage; dusky along trailing edge of secondaries. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black (red in breeding plumage) black with reddish base in immature; feet and legs dull red or red-brown (scarlet in breeding birds). Habitat: seashores and estuaries, sometimes inland water bodies. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Distribution North America; coastal range extends from Labrador to North Carolina  
Distribution North America; coastal range extends from Labrador to North Carolina [details]

Taxonomy Most common tern in New Brunswick  
Taxonomy Most common tern in New Brunswick [details]
WoRMS (2018). Sterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137162 on 2018-05-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-04-08 06:18:06Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p. [details]   

additional source Robbins, C. S. (1983). Golden field Guide to Birds of North America. Golden press. 360p. [details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source Peterson, R.T.; Peterson, V.M. (2002). A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p. [details]   

additional source Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p. [details]   

additional source Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p. [details]   

additional source Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (HKRMS) Hong Kong Offshore Wind Farm in SoutheasternWaters. EIA report. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Description Length: 31-38 cm. Plumage: tail, rump, back and wings pale grey; collar on hindneck and below white; black cap on head; forehead white in non-breeding bird; tail does not extend beyond wings; outer web of outer primary and tips of primaries diffuse black. Immature like adult but with some brown remaining from juvenile plumage; dusky along trailing edge of secondaries. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black (red in breeding plumage) black with reddish base in immature; feet and legs dull red or red-brown (scarlet in breeding birds). Habitat: seashores and estuaries, sometimes inland water bodies. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Dimensions Length: 14 1/2" (37 cm); Wingspan: 30" (76 cm) [details]

Distribution North America; coastal range extends from Labrador to North Carolina [details]

Reproduction Breeds from Newfoundland to Alberta and MacKenzie south to Florida and Texas on the Atlantic coast and to South Dakota in the West. Winters from the southern United States to the extreme south of South America and also to southern Africa and Asia, and New Guinea. Eggs are laid from late May to late July. [details]

Taxonomy Most common tern in New Brunswick [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian dallëndyshja e zakonshme e detitdallëndyshja e detit  [details]
Bulgarian Речна рибарка  [details]
Danish fjordterne  [details]
Dutch visdief  [details]
English common tern  [details]
French sterne pierregarin  [details]
German Flussseeschwalbe  [details]
Hebrew שחפית הים  [details]
Italian sterna comune  [details]
Japanese アジサシ  [details]
Lithuanian upinė žuvėdra  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Ποταμογλάρονο  [details]
Norwegian makrellterne  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål makrellterne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk makrellterne  [details]
Polish rybitwa zwyczajnarybitwa rzeczna  [details]
Romanian chira de baltă  [details]
Russian речная крачка  [details]
Scottish Gaelic geabhróg  [details]
Slovenian navadna čigra  [details]
Spanish charrán común  [details]
Swedish fisktärna  [details]
Turkish sumru  [details]
Ukrainian Крячок річковийЗвичайний крячок  [details]
Welsh môr-wennol gyffredin  [details]