WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSterna hirundo Linnaeus, 1758

JPG file
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editor 

137162  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137162)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 31-38 cm. Plumage: tail, rump, back...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 31-38 cm. Plumage: tail, rump, back and wings pale grey; collar on hindneck and below white; black cap on head; forehead white in non-breeding bird; tail does not extend beyond wings; outer web of outer primary and tips of primaries diffuse black. Immature like adult but with some brown remaining from juvenile plumage; dusky along trailing edge of secondaries. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black (red in breeding plumage) black with reddish base in immature; feet and legs dull red or red-brown (scarlet in breeding birds). Habitat: seashores and estuaries, sometimes inland water bodies. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America; coastal range extends from...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America; coastal range extends from Labrador to North Carolina [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Most common tern in New Brunswick  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Most common tern in New Brunswick [details]
Adriaens, P. (2011). Sterna hirundo. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137162 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-04-08 06:18:06Z
checked

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p. [details]   

additional source Robbins, C. S. (1983). Golden field Guide to Birds of North America. Golden press. 360p. [details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p. [details]   

additional source Vanner, M. 2003. The encyclopedia of North American birds. Paragon Publishing. Bath. 383 p. [details]   

additional source Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.  [details]   

additional source Linkletter, L. E. (1977). A checklist of marine fauna and flora of the Bay of Fundy. Huntsman Marine Laboratory, St. Andrews, N.B. 68: p. [details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (HKRMS) Hong Kong Offshore Wind Farm in SoutheasternWaters. EIA report. [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 31-38 cm. Plumage: tail, rump, back and wings pale grey; collar on hindneck and below white; black cap on head; forehead white in non-breeding bird; tail does not extend beyond wings; outer web of outer primary and tips of primaries diffuse black. Immature like adult but with some brown remaining from juvenile plumage; dusky along trailing edge of secondaries. Bare parts: iris dark brown; bill black (red in breeding plumage) black with reddish base in immature; feet and legs dull red or red-brown (scarlet in breeding birds). Habitat: seashores and estuaries, sometimes inland water bodies. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: 14 1/2" (37 cm); Wingspan: 30" (76 cm) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North America; coastal range extends from Labrador to North Carolina [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Breeds from Newfoundland to Alberta and MacKenzie south to Florida and Texas on the Atlantic coast and to South Dakota in the West. Winters from the southern United States to the extreme south of South America and also to southern Africa and Asia, and New Guinea. Eggs are laid from late May to late July. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Most common tern in New Brunswick [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterotestophyes sobolevi Leonov, 1957 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReighardia sternae (Diesing, 1864) (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchistocephalus solidus (Müller, 1776) Steenstrup, 1857 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWardium spasskii Shigin, 1961 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordallëndyshja e zakonshme e detitUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordallëndyshja e detit  [details]
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorРечна рибарка  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfjordterne  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvisdief  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcommon tern  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsterne pierregarin  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorFlussseeschwalbe  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorשחפית הים  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsterna comune  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorアジサシ  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorupinė žuvėdra  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΠοταμογλάρονο  [details]
Norwegian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormakrellterne  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormakrellterne  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormakrellterne  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrybitwa zwyczajnaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrybitwa rzeczna  [details]
Romanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorchira de baltă  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorречная крачка  [details]
Scottish Gaelic Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgeabhróg  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editornavadna čigra  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcharrán común  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorfisktärna  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsumru  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorКрячок річковийUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайний крячок  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormôr-wennol gyffredin  [details]