WoRMS taxon details

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes (Gerould, 1913)

136056  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136056)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Not documented
Taxonomic remark In the literature of the pylum there are many usages of Nephasoma minutum which are not corresponding with the original...  
Taxonomic remark In the literature of the pylum there are many usages of Nephasoma minutum which are not corresponding with the original taxonomical concept of Keferestein 1862. The first to address this issue was Gibbs (1975) page 80 [= Gibbs, P.E., 1975. Gametogenesis and Spawning in a Hermaphroditic population of Golfingia minuta (Sipuncula). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Plymouth. 55: 69-82]. He proposed to retain the name N. minutum for the hermaphroditic population and use the name N. diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) for the dioecious one. Both populations are practically indistinguishable by using classical anatomical characters. This point of view was accepted in the review of the genus Nephasoma by Cutler and Cutler (1986) [= Cutler, N. J. & E. B. Cutler, 1986. A revision of the genus Nephasoma (Sipuncula: Golfingiidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Washington 99 (4): 547-574] and in the monograph of Cutler (1994) [= Cutler, E.B. 1994. The Sipuncula Their Systematics, Biology, and Evolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 453 pp.]
 [details]

Taxonomy Nephasoma minutum (Keferestein, 1862) is restricted to the hermaphroditic population from shallow waters in the North East...  
Taxonomy Nephasoma minutum (Keferestein, 1862) is restricted to the hermaphroditic population from shallow waters in the North East Atlantic, whereas the most common and dioecious population in deep waters has been referred to Nephasoma diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) [details]

Distribution from Maine to North Carolina, also in the eastern North Atlantic, Mediterranean, off South Africa and Chile.  
Distribution from Maine to North Carolina, also in the eastern North Atlantic, Mediterranean, off South Africa and Chile. [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan  
Distribution cosmopolitan [details]
Saiz, J. (2018). World Sipuncula database. Nephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes (Gerould, 1913). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136056 on 2018-07-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-04 16:37:03Z
changed
2009-08-06 12:02:30Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Sipuncula, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 178-179 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cutler, E.B. 1977. Marine flora and fauna of northeastern United States. Sipuncula. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS Circular 403. 7 p. [details]   

additional source Cutler, E.B. (2009). Phylum Sipuncula: peanut worms, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 302-307. [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/ [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomic remark In the literature of the pylum there are many usages of Nephasoma minutum which are not corresponding with the original taxonomical concept of Keferestein 1862. The first to address this issue was Gibbs (1975) page 80 [= Gibbs, P.E., 1975. Gametogenesis and Spawning in a Hermaphroditic population of Golfingia minuta (Sipuncula). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Plymouth. 55: 69-82]. He proposed to retain the name N. minutum for the hermaphroditic population and use the name N. diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) for the dioecious one. Both populations are practically indistinguishable by using classical anatomical characters. This point of view was accepted in the review of the genus Nephasoma by Cutler and Cutler (1986) [= Cutler, N. J. & E. B. Cutler, 1986. A revision of the genus Nephasoma (Sipuncula: Golfingiidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Washington 99 (4): 547-574] and in the monograph of Cutler (1994) [= Cutler, E.B. 1994. The Sipuncula Their Systematics, Biology, and Evolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 453 pp.]
 [details]

Taxonomy Nephasoma minutum (Keferestein, 1862) is restricted to the hermaphroditic population from shallow waters in the North East Atlantic, whereas the most common and dioecious population in deep waters has been referred to Nephasoma diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) [details]

From other sources
Diet in general, species are either filter or deposit feeders [details]

Dimensions range between 3 and 30 mm [details]

Distribution from Maine to North Carolina, also in the eastern North Atlantic, Mediterranean, off South Africa and Chile. [details]

Distribution cosmopolitan [details]

Habitat shelf to abyssal [details]

Habitat live within the sediment or inside a protective shelter such as a discarded mollusc shell, foraminiferan test, polychaete tube, or crevice in rock or coral. Sediment medium sand-silt. Temperature range 0-10 C. [details]

Importance used as fish bait and human consumption in Indonesia and the Indo-Pacific. [details]

Predators fish [details]

Reproduction dioecious and lack any sexual dimorphism; fertilization occurs externally. [details]
 

LanguageName 
English peanut worm  [details]