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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) 
AphiaID: 136056

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSipuncula (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSipunculidea (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGolfingiida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGolfingiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephasoma (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephasoma (Nephasoma) (Subgenus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephasoma (Nephasoma) Pergament, 1946
Sources  basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Sipuncula, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 178-179 (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpeanut worm  [details]
Direct child
taxa (2)

[show all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes corrugatum Cutler & Cutler, 1986
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes diaphanes (Gerould, 1913)
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomic remark In the literature of the pylum there are many usages of Nephasoma minutum which are not corresponding with the original taxonomical concept of Keferestein 1862. The first to address this issue was Gibbs (1975) page 80 [= Gibbs, P.E., 1975. Gametogenesis and Spawning in a Hermaphroditic population of Golfingia minuta (Sipuncula). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Plymouth. 55: 69-82]. He proposed to retain the name N. minutum for the hermaphroditic population and use the name N. diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) for the dioecious one. Both populations are practically indistinguishable by using classical anatomical characters. This point of view was accepted in the review of the genus Nephasoma by Cutler and Cutler (1986) [= Cutler, N. J. & E. B. Cutler, 1986. A revision of the genus Nephasoma (Sipuncula: Golfingiidae). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, Washington 99 (4): 547-574] and in the monograph of Cutler (1994) [= Cutler, E.B. 1994. The Sipuncula Their Systematics, Biology, and Evolution. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 453 pp.]
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Nephasoma minutum (Keferestein, 1862) is restricted to the hermaphroditic population from shallow waters in the North East Atlantic, whereas the most common and dioecious population in deep waters has been referred to Nephasoma diaphanes (Gerould, 1913) [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet in general, species are either filter or deposit feeders [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions range between 3 and 30 mm [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution from Maine to North Carolina, also in the eastern North Atlantic, Mediterranean, off South Africa and Chile. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution cosmopolitan [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat shelf to abyssal [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat live within the sediment or inside a protective shelter such as a discarded mollusc shell, foraminiferan test, polychaete tube, or crevice in rock or coral. Sediment medium sand-silt. Temperature range 0-10 C. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance used as fish bait and human consumption in Indonesia and the Indo-Pacific. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators fish [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction dioecious and lack any sexual dimorphism; fertilization occurs externally. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:136056
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-01-04 16:37:03Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2009-08-06 12:02:30Z  changed  Saiz-Salinas, José
  
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  Citation: Saiz-Salinas, J. (2014). Nephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes. In: Saiz, J. (2014) World Sipuncula database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=136056 on 2014-12-29
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License